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Post-natal depression (PND) is a psychological interruption caused after childbirth. It is considered as a threat to women and the newborn that can even haul to fatality. The prevalence and its impact were surveyed in a rustic setup at Kodiyalam village (Tiruchirappalli district). It is aspired to assay the incidence of postnatal depression in a rustic system and detect the causes along with its deleterious outcomes. A survey method was adopted for the study by using purposive sampling technique. Data were collected by semi- structured interview schedule with 80 females as respondents. The survey reported that 16% of the women were affected by the symptoms of social withdrawal and lack of family intimacy. The poor socio economic status is the main reason for the onset of this discomfort and there is a need for intensive counseling and medications to attest this condition. Though there are numerous antidepressants to combat against this psychological condition the severity of its adverse effects are more than its symptoms. PND is an essential clinical condition that requires advanced research and therapeutic competence to strengthen the health of mother and child. This work suggests the implementation alternative strategy of smart herbal nanocomposites which can fortify the delivery of ayurvedic formulations encased with polymers under nanoscale. This can target therapeutics with a unique distribution that reduces its deleterious adverse effects.
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