PERCEPTION TOWARDS MALARIA IN PERI-URBAN COMMUNITIES IN ABUJA, NIGERIA

Main Article Content

KAREN CHIDERA EZE
OYINLOLA OLUWAGBEMIGA

Abstract

Malaria is a major problem in most developing African countries in Nigeria. The study therefore examines the perception of residents of peri-urban communities towards Malaria.

The study employed a cross-sectional survey research that is guided by the Health Belief Model using quantitative methods of data collection. The study employed multi-staged sampling technique to select 414 households in Abaji and Kuje peri-urban communities in Abuja. However, 385 household residents of peri-urban communities participated in the study. The validated questionnaire has a Cronbach alpha of 0.83 and perception towards malaria had a Cronbach had 0.88. Research questions and hypothesis were formulated and were tested using the SPSS version 27 to compute descriptive and inferential statistics which were tested at a 5% level of confidence.

Majority of respondents 47.5% are above the age of 36years with the mean age of 47.1± 19.8. In terms of the Perception about malaria, majority of the respondents 35.7% had high perceived serious of the illness while most of the residents, 38.2% had low level of barrier with the mean score of 17.2±.0.2.61. From the test of hypothesis, perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers was significant predictor of perception of malaria occurrence among household residents of Peri-Urban communities with 71.6% contribution to perception towards malaria among household residents of Peri-Urban communities (p=0.000).

In conclusion, there was high perceived seriousness of malaria while there was low level of perceived barrier toward malaria. There is communication messages developed in local languages about the prevention of Malaria in Urban and Peri-Urban communities. 

Keywords:
Perception, malaria, Peri-Urban, communities, households, barriers and residents

Article Details

How to Cite
EZE, K. C., & OLUWAGBEMIGA, O. (2021). PERCEPTION TOWARDS MALARIA IN PERI-URBAN COMMUNITIES IN ABUJA, NIGERIA. Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, 3(4), 82-88. Retrieved from http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIMS/article/view/2367
Section
Original Research Article

References

WHO. National Malaria Situation Analysis; 2018. Available:https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/68374/WHO_HTM_RBM_2003.47.pdf;jsessionid=69640294163BA2A0D95FF15DD7EDE140?sequence=1

Ahmad A. Plasmodium falciparum glutamate dehydrogenase is genetically conserved across eight malaria endemic states of India: Exploring new avenues of malaria elimination. PloS One. 2019;14(6):e0218210.

Okoronkwo EM. Demographic and socioeconomic factors influencing malaria incidence in Calabar, cross river state, Nigeria. Science World Journal. 2017;12(3):19-24.

Diesfeld HJ. Estimating the direct and indirect economic costs of malaria in a rural district of Burkina Faso. Tropical medicine and parasitology: official organ of Deutsche Tropenmedizinische Gesellschaft and of Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ). 2018;42(3):219-223.

Roberts SA. Risk of malaria in young children after periconceptional iron supplementation. Maternal & Child Nutrition. 2019;17(2): e13106.

Samadoulougou S, Ouédraogo M, Hien H, Tinto H, Kirakoya-Samadoulougou F. Asymptomatic malaria and anaemia among pregnant women during high and low malaria transmission seasons in Burkina Faso: household-based cross-sectional surveys in Burkina Faso, 2013 and 2017. Malaria Journal. 2017;20(1):1-13.

Dlamini M. Malaria in Eswatini, 2012–2019: a case study of the elimination effort. Malaria Journal. 2019;20(1):1-13.

Fokam EB, Ngimuh L, Anchang-Kimbi JK, Wanji S. Assessment of the usage and effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment and insecticide-treated nets on the indicators of malaria among pregnant women attending antenatal care in the Buea Health District, Cameroon. Malaria Journal. 2016; 15(1):1-7.

Blanford S. Warmer temperatures reduce the vectorial capacity of malaria mosquitoes. Biology Letters. 2019;8(3):465-468.

Adebami OJ. Maternal serum zinc levels and fetal malnutrition of term babies in Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2016;15(7):673-679.

Onyeneho N. Controlling malaria spread with insecticide-treated nets: Reactions trailing usage and mortality consequences in Anambra State, Nigeria. The international Journal of Community and Social Development. 2016; 1(2):169-183.

Omonijo A, Omonijo AO. Assessment of the status of awareness, ownership, and usage of long-lasting insecticide treated nets after mass distribution in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal of Parasitology Research; 2018.

Adedotun AA. Knowledge, attitudes and practices about malaria in an urban community in south-western Nigeria. J Vector Borne Dis. 2010;47(3):155-9.