GC-MS ANALYSIS OF METHANOLIC STEM BARK EXTRACT OF Indigofera zollingeriana

Main Article Content

J. O. ALAGBE
M. D. SHITTU
F. T. USHIE

Abstract

The present study was carried out to examine the bioactive chemicals in methanolic stem bark extract of Indigofera zollingeriana using Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrum (GC-MS). The result revealed the presence of 19 compounds with peak percentage in chromatogram. The major phytoconstituent in the exatract are: Indigoferabietone (21.67 %), Indigo, 2, 2-bisindole (14.35 %) and Indigoidin (12.49 %) with retention time of 17.38 min, 20.57 min and 10.33 min respectively. It was concluded that the presence of various bioactive chemicals or phytochemicals in Indigofera zollingeriana stem bark justifies that it can be used for the treatment of many diseases in animals and could be used as an alternative to antibiotics to promote food safety.

Keywords:
GC-MS analysis, Indigofera zollingeriana stem bark, methanol, phytochemicals

Article Details

How to Cite
ALAGBE, J. O., SHITTU, M. D., & USHIE, F. T. (2021). GC-MS ANALYSIS OF METHANOLIC STEM BARK EXTRACT OF Indigofera zollingeriana. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 11(4), 144-146. Retrieved from http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/2620
Section
Original Research Article

References

Owolabi J, Omogbai EKI, Obasuyi O. Antifungal nd antibacterial activities of the ethanolic and aqueous extract of Kigelia africana stem bark. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2007;6:882-885.

Alagbe JO, Adeoye Adekemi, Oluwatobi OA. Proximate and mineral analysis of Delonix regia leaves and roots. International Journal on Integrated Education. 2020;3(10):144-149.

Taj UR, Muhammad AZ, Wajiha L, Muhammad S, Sajjad H, Iqbal CM. Phytochemistry and pharmacology of genus Indigofera: A review. Rac. Nat. Prod. 2018;12:(2018):1-13.

Ming KJ, Khang GL, Fatt CT. Recent advances in traditional plant drugs and orchids. Acta Pharmacology Sinica. 2003;24:7-21.

Alagbe JO. Dietary supplementation of rauvolfia vomitoria root extract as a phytogenic feed additive in growing rabbit diets: growth performance and caecal microbial population. Concept in Dairy and Veterinary Sciences. 2021;4(2):2021.

Hollman PC. Evidence for health benefits of plant phenols: Local or systemic effects. Journal of Food Science and Agriculture. 2001;81: 842-852.

Alagbe JO. Proximate, mineral and phytochemical analysis of Piliostigma thonningii stems bark and roots. International Journal of Biological, Physical and Chemical Studies. 2019;1(1): 1-7.

Ibrahim NDG, Abdulrahman EM, Ibrahim G. Elemental analysis of the leaves of Vernonia amydalina and its biological evaluation in rats. Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine. 2001;5:13-17.

Musa B, Alagbe JO, Adegbite Motunrade Betty, Omokore EA. Growth performance, caeca microbial population and immune response of broiler chicks fed aqueous extract of Balanites aegyptiaca and Alchornea cordifolia stem bark mixture. United Journal for Research and Technology. 2020;2(2):13-21.

Alagbe JO, Sharma R, Eunice Abidemi Ojo, Shittu MD, Bello Kamoru Atanda. Chemical evaluation of the proximate, minerals, vitamins and phytochemical analysis of Daniellia oliveri stem bark. International Journal of Biological, Physical and Chemical Studies. 2020;2(1):16-22.

Ojewuyi OB, Ajiboye TO, Adebanjo EO, Balogun A, Mohammed AO. Proximate composition, phytochemical and mineral contents of young and mature Polyalthia longifolia Sonn. Leaves. Fountain Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences. 2014;3(1):10-19.

Shittu MD, Alagbe JO. Phyto-nutritional profiles of broom weed (Sida acuta) leaf extract. International Journal of Integrated Education. 2020;3(11):119-124.