Main Article Content
Termites play a key role in tropical and subtropical forest ecosystems as decomposers of the largest part of dead organic matter, playing a significant role in soil formation. Termites are polymorphic, eusocial insects, living in large communities of several hundred to millions of individuals, composed of reproductive forms together with numerous apterous sterile soldiers and workers there are about 2933 species of termites in 282 genera, 9 families that have been described so far in the world. They have widely dispersed as well as some temperate regions. India has high diversity with 295 species, 52 genera, 6 families. In Telangana 16 Species, 7 genera and 2 families of termites are already reported. The study was conducted in 5 places in Telangana state to investigate the termite’s species diversity. Termites were sampled with a standard 100×2 straight belt transect at 5 different places in Telangana state. 11 Species were collected from different parts of the plants, on dead wood, litter, dead tree stumps and leaf litter, logs and living trees.
Roisin Y. Diversity and evolution of caste patterns. Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbioses, Ecology. (eds T. Abe, D. E. Bignell & M. Higashi). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. 2000;95–120.
Jones CG, Lawton JH, Shachak M. Organisms as ecosystem engineers. Oikos. 1994;69:373-386.
Matsumoto T, Abe T. The role of termites in an equatorial rain forest ecosystem of West Malaysia. Oecologia. 1979;38:261–274.
Higashi Masahiko, Abe, Takuya and Burns Thomas P. Carbon—nitrogen balance and termite ecology Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 1992; 249:303–308.
Wood TG, Sands WA. The role of termites in ecosystems. In: Brian, M.V. (ed.). Production Ecology of Ants and Termites. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, xvii++409pp. 1978;245–292.
Davies RGP, Eggleton DT, Jones F, Gathorne-Hardy J, Hernandez LM. Evolution of termites functional diversity analysis and synthesis of local ecological and regional influences on local species richness. J Biogeogr. 2003;30: 847-877.
Inoue T, Takematsu Y, Yamada A, et al. Diversity and abundance of termites along an altitudinal gradient in Khao Kitchagoot National Park, Thailand. J Trop Ecol. 2006;22: 609-612.
Krishna K, Grimaldi DA, Krishna V, Engel MS. Treatise on the Isoptera of the World: Vol. 1-6. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 2013;377(1–7):1–2433.
Rajmohana K, Basak J, Poovoli A, Sengupta R, Baraik B, Chandra K. Taxonomy of Termites in India: A Beginner’s Manual. ENVIS Centre on Biodiversity (Fauna), Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata. 2019;77.
König JG. Naturgeschichte der sogenannten weissen Ameise. Beschäftigungen der Berlinischen Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde. 1779;4:1–28.
Bose G. Termite fauna of Southern India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India. 1984;49:1–270.
Rao AN, Samantha C, Sammaiah C. Biodiversity of Termites in Bhadrachalam Forest Region, Khammam District, Andhra Pradesh. J. Biodiversity. 2012;3(1):55-59.
Sengupta R, Baraik B, Basak J, Rajmohana K. Current status of faunal diversity in Telangana: 1- 394 (Published by the Director, Zool. Surv. India, Kolkata). 2021;Chapter 25:167-168.
"Telangana Statistics". Telangana state portal. Archived from the original on 5 December 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
Indian State of Forest Report (ISFR), a biennial report brought out by Dehradun-based Forest Survey of India; 2019.
Jones DT, Eggleton P. Sampling termites assemblage in tropical forests: Testing a rapid biodiversity assessment protocol. J Appl Ecol. 2000;37:191-203.
Thakur RK, Tyagi V, Kumar S. Termites from Garhwal, Uttarakhand. (Insecta : Isoptera), with new distributional records. Forest Entomology Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun, (Uttarakhand). Indian Forester. 2010;621-634.
Thakur RK, Tyagi V, Kumar S. Macrotermes vikaspurensis, (Isoptera: Termitidae, Macrotermitinae)-A new species from India. Forest Entomology Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun. Journal of Experimental Zoology India. 2011a;14(2):667-672.
Thakur RK, Tyagi V, Kumar S. Neotermes sensarmai, a new species from India (Oriental Region) (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae). Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology. 2011b;31(1):101-105.
Amina P, Rajmohana K. First record of the genus Ceylonitermellus Emerson (Isoptera: Termitidae: Nasutitermitinae) in southern India, based on a new mainland species from the Kerala ghats. Colemania. 2013;39:1-10.
Amina P, Rajmohana K. Glyptotermes chiraharitae n. sp., a new damp wood termite species (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) from India. Zoosystema. 2016;38(3):309-316.