FOOD AND FEEDING HABIT OF A TELEOSTEAN FISH Glossogobius gutum (HAMILTON,1822) IN YAMUNA RIVER AT MAKHDUMPUR, JEHANABAD, BIHAR, INDIA

Main Article Content

F. Y. PEYAMI

Abstract

The present study deals with the study of food and feeding habits of a fresh water teleostean gobiid fish Glossogobius gutum (Ham.) in Yamuna river at Makhdumpur, Jehanabad. The intensive and extensive study on gut content analysis revealed the presence of a wide variety of food items in their gut. The fishes , unidentified animal matters (UAMs.) , crustaceans , insects and their larvae and molluscs were the major food items whereas , the debris , mucous and algae were present in trace quantities . The Gastro - Somatic Index (GSI) showed variation which was varied from 2.11 to 3.40 in large (12.1-16 cm ) and small size (5-8 cm ) length group of fishes respectively. The feeding intensity showed month wise fluctuation with slight rise and fall , which were maximum (3.50) in the month of October and minimum (2.10) in the month of July through the observation of Gastro-Somatic-Index. A direct relationship was recorded between feeding intensity and condition factor (K). The RLG values were varied between 0.38 (Length group I) to 0.50 (Length group III). On the basis of gut content analysis and their RLG value it showed that the fishes are carnivore bottom feeder and highly cannibalistic in nature.

Keywords:
Gastro -somatic index, food and feeding habit, Yamuna river, Makhdumpur

Article Details

How to Cite
PEYAMI, F. Y. (2021). FOOD AND FEEDING HABIT OF A TELEOSTEAN FISH Glossogobius gutum (HAMILTON,1822) IN YAMUNA RIVER AT MAKHDUMPUR, JEHANABAD, BIHAR, INDIA. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 42(24), 132-137. Retrieved from http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2668
Section
Original Research Article

References

Sit G, Jana A, Chanda A. Gobid Fish of Paschim Mednipur and Jhargram District, West Bengal, India, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology. 2019;40(4):146-149.

Nansimole A. Sruthi, Gyathri TV, Lakshmi S. Balasubramanian NK, Radha Krishnan. Studies on morphology feeding biology and sex ratio of Saurida undosquamis from Neendakara area Kollam, south west coast of India. J. Sci. Res. 2014;5(2):51-58.

Lagler KF. Studies in fresh water biology. Ann. Arbor, Michigan; 1949.

Motwani MP, Karamchandani SJ. A note on the food and feeding habits of Clupisoma garua (Ham.) and Eutropiichthys vacha (Ham.) from Allahabad Curr. Sci. 1958;27:55.

Hynes HBN. The food of fresh water stickleback (Gastrosteus acculeatus and Pygasteus pungistius ) with review of the food fishes J. Anim. Ecol. 1950;19:36-58.

Borutssky EV, Assan EV, Bokova EN, Chayanova LA, Fortunatova KR, Karperich AF, Zheltenkova MV. Hand book for the study of the food and feeding of fish under natural Conditions. Akademiya Nauk Press. Moscow. 263.

Bhatnagar GK, Karamchandani SJ. Food and feeding habits Labeo fimbriatus (Bloch.).in river Narbada near Hoshangabad (M.P.) .J. Inland Fish. Soc. India. 1971;2:30-50.

Al-Hussaini AH. On the functional morphology of the alimentary tract of some fishes in relation to differences in their feeding habits Quart, J. Micr. Sci. 1949;9(2):190 -240.

Hile R. Age and growth of the Cisco leucichthys artedi (Lesieir ) in the lake of north eastern high Wisconsin. Bull. Vols. Bull. Fish. 1936;(48):211-217.

Kakuda S, Matsumoto K. On the food habit of the while Goroaker Argyrosom argentatus. J.Fac.Fish, Anim.,Hub. Hiroshima Univ. 1978;17;133-142 .

Hassan AA. Anatomy and histology of the digestive system of the carnivorous fish, the brown Spotted grouper, Epinephelus chlorostigma (Pisces,Serranidae) from the Red sea Life Sci. J. 2013;2149-2164.

Shalaby WTS. Comparative study on the structural adaptation due to feedinf strategy in Some coral reef fishes. M.Sc. Thesis, Zool. Dep. Fac. Sci. Al –Azhar Univ. Egypt. 2017;241.

Wolfret DR, Miller TJ. Age growth and food of Northern pike (Esox Lucius) in Eastern lake Ontario .transactions of the American Fisheries society. 1978;107 (5):696- 702.

Jhingran AG. Fluctuations in ponderal index of the gangetic anchovy , Setipinna phasa (Ham.). Inland fish .Soc, India. 1972;4:1-9.

Das SM, Moitra SK. The surface, the mid and the bottom feeding fishes of UP. Proc. Ind. Sci Cong. 1956 a;111:307.

Das SM, Moitra SK. Studies on the food of some common fishes of U.P. Pt.II on the Type of fish food and the variations in the relative length of the alimentary canal. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 1956 b;26B (IV) : 213-223.

Das SM, Moitra SK. Studies on the food of some common fishes of LIP. India Pt. III Comparative anatomy of the alimentary tract in some fresh water fishes and their modification in relation to feeding habits. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 1956 c;26 B(IV):224-233.

Das SM, Nath S. The comparative anatomy of the alimentary tract and its modification in relation to the food and feeding habits in some fishes of Jammu province. India Ichthyology. 1956;4(1-2):63-78.