EFFICACY OF A 3D (DYNAMIC DECOMPRESSIVE DEVICE) JACKET THERAPY IN INDIVIDUALS WITH CHRONIC NON-SPECIFIC LOW BACK PAIN

Main Article Content

PRASANNAJEET PRAMOD NIKAM
SAGARIKA PATWARDHAN

Abstract

Background: Low back pain is a musculoskeletal disorder that is a crisis to the population worldwide.  ‘‘Non-specific low back pain’’ (NSLBP) is a category for patients having pain which does not have an anatomical or pathological root. In India, 60 percent of the people have significant back pain at some time or the other in their life.Physical therapy methods such as a spinal stabilization and strengthening exercises, spinal manipulation, mobilization techniques, massages, electrical stimulation, ultrasound and mechanical traction. Till date, besides the above mentioned physiotherapeutic interventions, there is no evidence of any device that would provide a combined effect of decompressive vacuum therapy and electrical stimulation to the soft tissues of the back to reduce Low back pain.

Objective: To determine the efficacy of 3D(dynamic decompressive device) jacket therapy in individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain.This study will validate the efficacy of a newly designed device- 3D (dynamic decompressive device) jacket in individuals with low back pain as well as quantify the therapeutic effect of the same device in terms of pain relief and quality of life.

Methodology: This analytical study included 10 individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain whose age ranged from 25-45 years and whose pain intensity on visual analogue scale (VAS) was greater than 5 both at rest and on activity. These patients were divided in two groups, a control group (n=5) which received convention physiotherapy- mcKenzie therapy exercises and an experimental group (n=5) which received 3D (dynamic decompressive device) jacket therapy for 12 weeks. The outcome measures assessed were pain intensity (Visual analogue scale) and quality of life (SF-36 questionnaire).

Results: The collected data from participants in group A who were given a conventional McKenzie Therapy exercise regime to reduce chronic non-specific low back pain for a duration of 12 weeks revealed statistically significant decrease (p<0.01) in VAS scores for pain intensity at rest and on activity.

Conclusion: The obtained findings showed that the 3D (dynamic decompressive device) jacket therapy is significantly effective in reducing chronic non- specific low back pain than conventionally given physiotherapy treatment. Hence, 3D jacket therapy should be effectively used in reducing chronic non-specific low back pain and improving quality of life.

Keywords:
Low back pain, Jacket therapy, Decompressive vacuum therapy, Physiotherapy treatment, Visual analogue scale

Article Details

How to Cite
NIKAM, P. P., & PATWARDHAN, S. (2021). EFFICACY OF A 3D (DYNAMIC DECOMPRESSIVE DEVICE) JACKET THERAPY IN INDIVIDUALS WITH CHRONIC NON-SPECIFIC LOW BACK PAIN. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 42(24), 283-288. Retrieved from http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2693
Section
Original Research Article

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