A REVIEW ON EFFECT OF ORGANOPHOSPHATE PESTICIDES ON NON- TARGET ORGANISMS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO FISH

Main Article Content

CHINNU SHAJI
SUMA M. ABRAHAM
PRIYA JOSEPH
JOE PRASAD MATHEW

Abstract

Fishes are exposed to various kind of toxicants that are life- threatening. Organophosphates are one of the major and hazardous contaminants found in water bodies. It reaches water bodies through surface runoff and leaching. Exposure to pesticides can cause impairment in the internal organs of organism, which may lead to the alternation in the physiology and functioning of the organs. Organophosphates can induce damages to nervous system by inactivating neurotransmitter acetylcholinesterase. It can also cause excessive release of reactive oxygen species and thereby cause oxidative stress. Oxidative stress activates antioxidant enzyme system of an organism, to cope up with the massive generation of free radicals. This review gives a brief account on the effects of organophosphates and the detrimental damages it can cause on organisms.

Keywords:
Organophosphates, acetylcholinesterase, neurotoxicity, antioxidant system

Article Details

How to Cite
SHAJI, C., ABRAHAM, S. M., JOSEPH, P., & MATHEW, J. P. (2021). A REVIEW ON EFFECT OF ORGANOPHOSPHATE PESTICIDES ON NON- TARGET ORGANISMS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO FISH. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 42(24), 519-531. Retrieved from http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2740
Section
Review Article

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