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It has been the opinion of earlier workers that the fish fauna of Burma is taxonomically different from that of India. In the case of Proeutropiichthys taakree, the differences between the Indian and the Burmese material indicate that all the differences are simple variations within the same species and not of much taxonomic significance. However, the trenchant differences between the Burmese and the lindian materials, studied here, are uniform and separate the two at a subspecific level. The species was originally described from Maharashtra by Sykes (1839) and hence the Indian form is the * forma typica" and the Burmese material has been named here as Proeutropiichthys faak ree birmanicus, ssp. nov.