MAGNITUDE OF GENERALIZED ANXIETY AMONG HEALTH PROFESSIONALS WORKING ON COVID-19 AT DILLA REFERRAL HOSPITAL DILLA, ETHIOPIA

Main Article Content

CHALACHEW KASSAW
YIGREM ALI

Abstract

Background: In Ethiopia, Corona confirmed cases are increasing from time to time, and health care professionals were front line exposed risky groups for infection. The mental health of the health professional is vital for better care and treatment outcome patients. This study aimed to determine the health care professional’s current mental health status and associated factors in response to the pandemic.

Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional survey using a consecutive sampling technique was employed from April 5-10, 2020. Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) was the assessment tool used to determine current anxiety symptoms. Multivariate Logistic regressions at 95% CI and p< 0.05 were used to identify factors associated with the outcome variable.

Results: This study enrolled a total of 326 respondents, and the overall prevalence of GAD was 40.2%. Variables associated with General anxiety disorder were being female, family size 3+, nurses, working in out-patient and emergency service, and ≤ 3years working experience at 95% confidence interval, p< 0.05.

Conclusions: This study found that more than one-third of the respondents had a general anxiety disorder in response to the pandemic, and identified groups of the participants were female, nurses, family size 3 +, and ≤ three years of working experience. So there should be immediate psychological intervention and training for an identified group of peoples to promote the mental health status of health professionals for better and quality health service.

 

Keywords:
Corona virus disease 2019, general anxiety disorder, health professional, Dilla, Ethiopia.

Article Details

How to Cite
KASSAW, C., & ALI, Y. (2020). MAGNITUDE OF GENERALIZED ANXIETY AMONG HEALTH PROFESSIONALS WORKING ON COVID-19 AT DILLA REFERRAL HOSPITAL DILLA, ETHIOPIA. Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, 2(3), 13-20. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIMS/article/view/1739
Section
Original Research Article

References

Available:https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports.

Adhikari, et al. Novel Coronavirus during the early outbreak period: Epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, prevention and control. Infect Dis Poverty. 2020;9(29):1–12.

Zhang Z, et al. Protecting healthcare personnel from 2019-nCoV infection risks : lessons and suggestions. Front Med. 2020;1275(Mar):2019–21.

Pollán M .et al Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in Spain (ENE-COVID): a nationwide, population-based seroepidemiological study. The Lancet. 2020;396(10250):535- 44.

Golin R,et al. PEPFAR’s response to the convergence of the HIV and COVID‐19 pandemics in Sub‐Saharan Africa. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2020;23(8):e25587.

Chersich MF, et al. COVID-19 in Africa: care and protection for frontline healthcare workers. Global Health. 2020;16(1):46-49.

Lai J , et al. Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019. JAMA Netw open. 2020;3(3):e203976.

Shacham M,et al. COVID-19 factors and psychological factors associated with elevated psychological distress among dentists and dental hygienists in Israel. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(8).

Nightingale S,et al. The impact of emotional intelligence in health care professionals on caring behaviour towards patients in clinical and long-term care settings: Findings from an integrative review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2018;80:106–17.

Nuss P, et al. Abnormal transbilayer distribution of phospholipids in red blood cell membranes in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research. 2009; 169(2):91-6.

Belayihun B,et al. Effects of surgical repair of obstetric fistula on severity of depression and anxiety in Ethiopia. BMC Psychiatry. 2019;19(1):1–8.

Sawaya H,et al. Adaptation and initial validation of the Patient Health Questionnaire - 9 (PHQ-9) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder - 7 Questionnaire (GAD-7) in an Arabic speaking Lebanese psychiatric outpatient sample. Psychiatry Res. 2016;239:245–52.

Sohrabi et al. World Health Organization declares global emergency: A review of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). International Journal of Surgery; 2020.

Pappa S, et al. Prevalence of depression, anxiety, and insomnia among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Brain Behav Immun. 2020;88:901–7.

Ahmad A, et la. Factors Influencing Mental Health During Covid-19 Outbreak: An Exploratory Survey Among Indian Population. medRxiv; 2020.

Abolfotouh A et al. An assessment of the level of concern among hospital-based health-care workers regarding MERS outbreaks in Saudi Arabia. BMC infectious diseases. 2017;17(1):4.