Main Article Content
Malnutrition is of great public health significance in several parts of the world, especially the developing and underdeveloped countries. Micronutrient deficiencies in humans can be mitigated through the process biofortification. It is the strategy of increasing the nutrient content in the edible parts of staple food crops for better human nutrition. Staple crops such as maize, rice, and wheat provide most of the calories for low-income families around the globe. Biofortification includes the enhanced uptake of such minerals from soils, their transport to edible plant parts, and improving the bioavailability of these minerals to humans. In paper, crop biofortification and malnutrition of essential nutrient have been discussed.
WHO/FAO (World health organization/food and agriculture organization). Diet, Nutrition and the prevention of chronic disease: reports of a joint WHO/FAO Expert consultation 2003. Geneva, 28 january-feburay 2002.WHO Technical reports series No. 916, Geneva; 2002.
Dellapenna D. Biofortication of palant-based food: Enhancing folate level by metabolic engineering. proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2007;104:3675-3676.
Bouis HE, Hotz C, Mc Clafferty B. Biofortification: a new tool to reduce micronutrient malnutrition. Food Nutr. 2011;32:31-40.
Tanumihardjo SA. Vitamin A and bone health: The balancing act. J. Clin. Desitom; 2013.
Talsma E. Yellow cassava: efficacy of provitamin A rich cassava on improvement of vitamin A status in Kenyan schoolchildren. Dissertation for Wageningen University, Netherlands; 2014.
Hotz C, loechl C, Lubowa A, Tumwine JK, Ndeezi G, Masawi AN, Baingana R, Carriquiry A, Brauw A, Meenakshi JV, Gilligan DO. Introduction of Beta-carotene-rich orange sweet potato in rural Uganda resulted in increased vitamin A intakes among children and women and improved Vitamin A status among children. J. Nutr. 2002;142:1871-1880. Human nutrition. Nature. 2002;510:139–142.
Welch RM, Graham RD. A new paradigm for world agriculture: Meeting human needs-productive, sustainable, nutritious. Field Crops Res. 1999;60:1-10.
Black RE. Zinc deficiency, infectious disease and mortality in the developing world. J. Nutr. 2003;133:1285S-1489S.
Stein AJ. Genotype x environment interaction for iron concentration of rice in central java of Indonesia. Rice Sci. 2010;18:75-78.
Wessells KR, Singh GM, Brown KH. Estimating the global prevalence of inadequate zinc intake from national food balance sheets: effect of methodological assumption. PLoS ONE. 2002;7:50565.
Yang XE, Chen WR, Feng Y. Improving human micronutrient nutrition through biofortification in the soil-plant system: China as a case study. Environ. Geochem. Health. 2007;29:413–428.
Frossard E, Bucher M, Machler F, Mozafar A, Hurrell R. Potential for increasing the content and bioavailability of Fe, Zn and Ca in plants for human nutrition. J. Sci. Food Agric. 2000;80:861–879.
Lobell DB, Burke M, Tebaldi C, Mastrandrea M, Falcon W, Naylor R. Policy brief—Prioritizing; 2008.
Funk C, Brown ME. Declining global per capita agricultural production and warming oceans threaten; 2009.
Godfrey HCJ, Beddington JR, Crute IR, Haddad L, Lawrence D, Muir JF, Pretty J, Robinson S, Thomas SM, Toulmin C. Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science. 2010;327:812–818.
FAO. Climate change, water and food security. Rome, FAO. Fertilizer levels and native soil properties on rice grain Fe, Zn and protein contents. Rice Sci. 2007;17:213–227.
Easterling W, Aggarwal P, Batima P, Brander K, Erda L, Howden M, Kirilenko A, Morton J, Soussana JF, Schmidhuber J, Tubiello F. Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hansson, C.E. (Eds.), Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press; 2007.
Myers SS, Zanobetti A, Kloog I, Huybers P, Leakey AD, Bloom AJ. Increasing CO2 threatens of chickpea cultivars in response to soil zinc application. Agronomy. 2014;7:11. Rice Sci. 2014;18:75−78.
Bhaskaram P. Micronutrient malnutrition, infection, and immunity: an overview. Nutr Rev. 2002;60(5):S40–5.
WHO The World Health Report 2002. Reducing risks, promoting healthy life. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2002.
World Health Organization. The global burden of oisease project revised estimates for 2002; 2006. Available:http://www.who.int/healthinfo/bodgbd2002revised/en/index.html
Darnton-Hill I. The challenge to eliminate micronutrient malnutrition. Aust NZ J Public Health. 1999;23:309–14.
Chassy BM, Mackey M, eds. The future of food and nutrition with biotechnology. J Am Coll Nutr. 2003:21(suppl):157S–221S. Climate change adaptation needs for food security to 2030. Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
King JC. Biotechnology: a solution for improving nutrient bioavailability. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2002;72:7–12.
Fairweather-Tait S, Hurrell RF. Bioavailability of minerals and trace elements. Nutr Res Rev. 1996;9:295–324.
Wessels I, Maywald M, Rink L. Zinc as a gatekeeper of immune function. Nutrient.s 2017;9:1286. [CrossRef]
Bouis HE, Hotz C, McClafferty B, Meenakshi JV, Pfeiffer WH. Biofortiﬁcation: A new tool to reduce micronutrient malnutrition. Food Nutr. Bull. 2011;32:S31–S40. [CrossRef] [PubMed].
Most read articles by the same author(s)
- GOUSIA MAJEED, AADIL GULZAR, TAJAMUL ISLAM, AN OVERVIEW OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT , Asian Journal of Advances in Research: 2021 - Volume 6 [Issue 3]
- KHURSHID AHMAD SOFI, AADIL GULZAR, TAJAMUL ISLAM, RUQUIA GULZAR, RESPONSE OF BORON NUTRITION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF RICE GROWN UNDER TEMPERATE CONDITIONS OF KASHMIR VALLEY , Asian Journal of Advances in Research: 2021 - Volume 6 [Issue 3]
- DIGVIJAY PANDEY, TAJAMUL ISLAM, MANSOOR A. MALIK, NOVEL CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (SARS-COV-2): AN OVERVIEW , Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science: 2021 - Volume 3 [Issue 2]