Original Research Article

THE EFFECT OF MENTORING ON THE PERFORMANCE OF NURSES IN DEVELOPING CAREER AND PSYCHOSOCIAL FUNCTIONS

NURG√úL ERDAL

Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, Page 29-42

Nurses, one of the most important members of health care services, are effective in determining the performance of health enterprises. To increase performance, businesses should give great importance to their employees and make an effort to improve them. Mentoring, which has an important place in the development of career and psychosocial functions, is important for both individual and organizational performance. This study was planned to investigate the effects of career and psychosocial functions on employee performance. 352 nurses working in various hospitals in Turkey participated in the research. The collected data were analyzed with statistical package programs used in social sciences. As a result of the analysis, a positive and significant relationship was observed between career function and psychosocial functions and employee performance. According to the regression result, all sub-dimensions of the career function and psychosocial functions do not affect the performance related to satisfaction. Developing new skills relationships, and psychosocial functions have a weak and positive effect on work-related performance.

Original Research Article

GREEN SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES USING EXTRACT OF Anisomeles malabarica (L.) AND EVALUATION OF ITS ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES

R. SUDHA

Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, Page 43-53

The phytochemical analysis carried out on the aqueous leaves extract of Anisomeles malabarica showed the presence of a maximum number of phytochemicals. The green synthesis of SNPs was done successfully using aqueous leaves extract of A.malabarica. Primary confirmation of color change from pale yellow to brown color was observed at 420nm recorded by UV- Visible spectroscopy and detailed characterization was carried out using UV-Visible spectroscopy, XRD, SEM. Present investigation also suggests that the green synthesized SNPs are exerting in vitro toxic effects on human microbial pathogens. Antibacterial studies of SNPs were highly attractive with different inhibition zone capacity when compared with aqueous leaves extract. Similarly Antifungal studies of SNPs also showed significant antifungal activity against the fungus when compared with aqueous leaves extract. The zone of inhibition formed is maximum in Aspergillus niger and showed best antifungal activity when compared with Candida albicans.

Review Article

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, INVESTIGATIONS, AND MANAGEMENT IN CASES OF MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

OMAR ELSAKA

Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, Page 1-14

Background: Reduced or full suspension of blood flow to a region of the myocardium causes myocardial infarction (MI), sometimes known as "heart attack." Myocardial infarction can be "silent," causing hemodynamic deterioration and abrupt death, or it can be a catastrophic event that causes hemodynamic deterioration and death. The most common cause of myocardial infarction is coronary artery disease, which is the leading cause of death in the United States. The myocardium is deprived of oxygen when a coronary artery is blocked. Myocardial cell loss and necrosis can occur when the myocardium is deprived of oxygen for an extended period. Patients may complain of chest pain or pressure that spreads to the neck, jaw, shoulder, or arm. Myocardial ischemia may be accompanied by ECG alterations and elevated biochemical markers such as cardiac troponins, in addition to the history and physical exam. This exercise covers the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of myocardial infarction, as well as the role of the interprofessional team in enhancing patient care.

Conclusion: This review article aims to review the basic pathophysiology of myocardial infarction, explain the management protocol when a patient is diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction, including all necessary laboratory and another diagnostic testing, summarise long-term management and rehabilitation for a patient post-MI, and explain interprofessional team strategies for improving care coordination and communication to advance the prevention and management of myocardial infarction.

Review Article

A REVIEW ON MITRAL REGURGITATION: PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, INVESTIGATIONS AND TREATMENT

OMAR ELSAKA, MONEER AYMAN NOURELDEAN, MOHAMED ADEL GAMIL, MOSTAFA TAREK GHAZALI, ASHRAF HAMADA ABD AL-RAZIK, DALIA HISHAM

Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, Page 15-28

Background: The retrograde movement of blood from the left ventricle (LV) into the left atrium (LA) through the mitral valve (MV) causes a systolic murmur heard best at the apex of the heart with radiation to the left axilla. MR is the most common valvular anomaly in the globe, affecting around 2% of the population and increasing in incidence with age. This activity examines the diagnosis and treatment of mitral regurgitation, emphasizing the importance of the healthcare team in assessing and treating patients with this illness.

Conclusion: The goal of this review article is to identify the etiology and epidemiology of mitral regurgitation medical conditions and emergencies, review the proper history, physical, and evaluation of mitral regurgitation, outline the treatment and management options for mitral regurgitation, and describe interprofessional team strategies for improving care coordination and communication to advance mitral regurgitation and improve outcomes.

Review Article

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, INVESTIGATIONS, AND TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE

OMAR ELSAKA, MONEER AYMAN NOURELDEAN, MOHAMED ADEL GAMIL, MOSTAFA TAREK GHAZALI, ASHRAF HAMADA ABD AL-RAZIK, DALIA HISHAM

Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, Page 54-65

Bicuspid aortic valve is a congenital anomaly of the heart in which the aortic valve has two loops instead of the normal three. It causes valve degeneration and is associated with dilation of the aorta. This exercise discusses the role of inter-professional team in improving the management of patients with bicuspid aortic valves and describes the diagnosis and management of this problem. The purpose of this review article is to describe the epidemiology of bicuspid aortic valve, describe the presentation of patients with bicuspid aortic valve, summarize the use of electrocardiogram and echocardiogram in bicuspid aortic valve evaluation, and explain the importance of collaboration and communication. Interprofessional team to improve care coordination for patients with bicuspid aortic valve.

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