HOME ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS INFLUENCE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OWERRI ZONE II, IMO STATE, NIGERIA

Main Article Content

STANLEY U. NNOROM
EZENWAGU, STEPHEN
BENIGNUS C. NWANKWO

Abstract

The basic goal of this research was to determine some home environmental factors influencing the academic performance of secondary school students in Owerri Zone II, Imo State, Nigeria. Survey research design was adopted and two research questions guided the study. The population for the study comprises 1030 respondents made up of all the 64 principals and 966 teachers in the 32 public secondary schools in Owerri Zone II, Imo state. A sample of 206 respondents was selected randomly and this represents 20% of the respondents’ population. The sample consists of 32 principals and 174 teachers in the study area. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire designed by the researchers. Face and content validity of the instrument was obtained after the appraisal and input made by two experts; One in Measurement and Evaluation, and another in Educational Management and Policy, Faculty of Education Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka. Corrections were made based on their observations before the instrument was approved for use. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.89 using Charles spearman’s rank correlation coefficient (Spearman's ρ). The analysis of the data revealed that some families lack modern mechanical or electronic devices, educational materials and supervision at home to enhance a student's academic performance. More so, some parents are unwilling to be involved in the academic performance of their children due to their socio- economic status. Recommendations such as giving proper orientation to the parents no matter their educational development and background, should devout time with their children and check their children’s academic work, direct them where necessary, discuss the academic problems of their children with their teachers or school guidance, counselors so as to detect the students problem early enough and tackle it before it affects the students.

Keywords:
Education, home environment, academic performance family background.

Article Details

How to Cite
NNOROM, S. U., STEPHEN, E., & NWANKWO, B. C. (2020). HOME ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS INFLUENCE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OWERRI ZONE II, IMO STATE, NIGERIA. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 3(4), 34-41. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/1534
Section
Original Research Article

References

Agulanna GG, Nwachukwu FJ. Psychology of learning. Owerri: Vantage Press; 2009.

Aikens NL, Barbarin O. Socioeconomic differences in reading trajectories: The contribution of family, neighborhood and school contexts. J. Educ. Psychology. 2008;100:235-251.

Ajila C, Olutola A. Impact of parents' socio-economic status on university students' academic performance. Ife J. Educ. Studies. 2000;7:3139.

Akuezuilo EO, Agu N. Research and statistics in education and social sciences: Methods and applications. Awka: Nuel Centi; 2007.

Ali. Factors affecting student academic performance: Case study from University of Somalia in Mogadishu-Somalia; 2013.

Asikhia OA. Students and teachers’ perception of the causes of poor academic performance in Ogun state secondary schools [Nigeria]: Implications for couselling for national development. European J. Social Sci. 2010;13: 229–249.

Chukwudi OC. Academic performance of secondary school students- the effect of home environment. Double Gist Publishers. Nig.; 2013.

Douglas H. Understanding environmental cognition; 2012.

(First Published October 15, 2012)

Available:https://doi.org/10.1177/1086026612456538

Dush K, et al. The intergenerational transmission of partnering; 2018.

(Published: November 13, 2018)

Available:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205732

Eshetu AA. Indiscipline problems of high school students: The case of Ethio-Japan Hidasse Secondary School (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). Journal of Education and Practice. 2014;5(37):23-28.

Available:http://www.iiste.org

Estes K. Managing the student-parent dilemma: Mothers and fathers in higher education. Symbolic Interaction. 2011;34 (2):198-219.

Farooq, et al. Factors affecting academic performance of students: A case of secondary school level; 2011.

Farver JM, Xu Y, Eppe S, Lonigan CJ. Home environments and young Latino children’s school readiness. Early Childhood Research Quarterly. 2006;21:196-212.

Kang Moore. Parenting style and adolescents' school performance in Mainland China. Online Submission, US-China Education Review B. 2011;1:133-138.

Khan, et al. The influence of parents educational level on secondary school students academic achievements in District Rajanpur Rana Muhammad Asad; Iqbal, Nadeem; Tasneem, Saima. Journal of Education and Practice. 2015;6(16):76-79.

Lanza ST, et al. Modeling multiple risks during infancy to predict quality of the caregiving environment: Contributions of a person-centered approach. Infant Behavior & Development. 2011;34:390-406.

Magnuson K. Maternal education and children’s academic achievement during middle childhood. Developmental Psychology. 2007;43:1497-1512.

(Accessed 29 July, 2013)

Mario CD. The effect of parent absent on children. Child Study Journal. 2006;6(2): 165.

Meece JL, et al. Classroom goal structure, student motivation and academic achievement. Annual Review of Psychology. 2006;57: 487X503.

Narad, Bilkees Abdullah. Academic performance of senior secondary school students: Influence of parental encouragement and school environment. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities. 2016;8(2):12-19.

Ogwu A. Theoretical view of home background on educational development; 2008.

Pedrosa, et al. Educational and social economic background of graduates and academic performance: Consequences for affirmative action programs at a Brazilian research university; 2006.

(Retrieved on September 9, 2007)

Rono. Factors contributing to academic performance of students in a junior high school; 2013.

Schulz W. Measuring the socio-economic background of students and its effect on achievement in PISA 2000 and PISA 2003. Annual Meetings of the American Educational Research Association in San Francisco, 7-11 April; 2005.

Singh SP, Malik S, Singh P. Factors affecting academic performance of students. Indian Journal of Research. 2016;5(4):176- 178.

Ushie MA, Onongha GI, Owolabi EO, Emeka JO. Influence of family structure on students’ academic performance in Agege local government area, Lagos State, Nigeria. European J. Educ. Studies. 2012;4:177-187.

Young M. Influences of early child nutritional status and home learning environment on child development in Vietnam; 2018.