BIOCHEMICAL STUDIES ON FRESH WATER BIVALVES EXPOSED TO THE MERCURY CHLORIDE

Main Article Content

Y. S. MUNIV
S. P. SUPANEKAR
A. M. KHAN

Abstract

The effect of heavy metal, mercury chloride on the activity of biochemical components of the freshwater bivalve Lamelledis marginalis was experimentally evaluated. A significant reduction in the activities of glycogen, protein and lipid in the gill, mantle, gonads and heptopancrease of mercury chloride treated animals could be observed. The depletion of glycogen and lipid content was greater in the mantle as compared to the gonads, hepatopancres and gills of the treated bivalves. There was maximun depletion of protein content in gills, followed by mantle, gonads and hepatopancreas observed in mercury chloride treated bivalves. As this mercury chloride binds to the cell membrane and also interfere in metabolic pathway and the bivalves is sensitive to changes in the intra and extra cellular environment. The activities of these biochemical components were found to decrease when compared to that in the control animals up to 96 hours of treatment in all the organs under study.

Keywords:
Mercury chloride, Lamelledis marginalis, carbohydrate, protein, lipid

Article Details

How to Cite
MUNIV, Y. S., SUPANEKAR, S. P., & KHAN, A. M. (2020). BIOCHEMICAL STUDIES ON FRESH WATER BIVALVES EXPOSED TO THE MERCURY CHLORIDE. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 4(2), 11-17. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/1571
Section
Original Research Article

References

Waleed K. Al-Zubari. Alternative water policies for the gulf cooperation council countries, in water resources perspectives: Evaluation, management, and policy, A. S. Al-Sharhan and W. W. Wood, eds. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science. 2003;155–67.

United Nations, ESCWA Water Development Report 2: State of Water Resources in the ESCWA Region, Report E/ESCWA/SDPD/ 2007/6 (Beirut: United Nations, Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia); 2007.

Sonawane SM, Sonawane M. Effect of heavy metals Hgcl2 and Cdcl2 on glycogen activity of bivalve Lamellidens marginalis. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy. 2018;8(8) Version. I:28-35.

Jagtap JT, Shejule KB, Ubarhande SB. Acute effect of TBTCL on protein alteration in freshwater bivalve, Lamellidens marginalis. Int. Mult. Res. J. 2011;8:13-16.

Kaoud HA, El-Dahshan AR. Bioaccumulation and histopathological alterations of the heavy metals in Oreochromis niloticus fish. Nature Sci. 2010;8:4-8.

Griscom SB, Fisher NS. Bioavailability of sediment-bound metals to marine bivalve molluscs: An overview. Estuaries. 2004;27: 826–838.

Suryawanshi GD, Kurhe AR, Miguel A. Rodriguez. Mercury exposure produce changes in protein content in different body parts of oyster Crassostrea Cattuckensis (Newton and Smith). J. Environ. Sci. Comp. Sci. Eng. Tech. 2014;1:0065-0071.

Livingston DR. In: The effects of stress and pollution on marine animals. Ed. B.L. Bayne and Nine Co. authors, Praeger, New York. Biochemical Measurements. 1985;81-132.

Batty LC, Auladell M, Sadler J, Hallberg K. The impacts of metalliferous drainage on aquatic communities in streams and rivers. Ecol. Indust. Pollut. 2010;2:70-100.

Rosabal M, Hare L, Campbell PG. Subcellular metal partitioning in larvae of the insect Chaoborus collected along an environmental metal exposure gradient (Cd, Cu, Ni and Zn). Aquatic Toxicol. 2012;120:67–78.

Rao KR, Kulkarni DA, Pillai KS, Mane UH. Effects of fluoride on the freshwater bivalve molluscs, Indonaia caeruleus in relation to the effect of pH: Biochemal appraoch. Proc. Nat. Symp. Ecotoxic. 1987;2:13-20.

Vedpathak AN, Mane UH. Mercuric chloride induced changes in the biochemical composition of the freshwater, Lamellibranch molluscs, Indonaia caeruleus. Proc. Nat. Symp. Anim. Meta. Poll. 1988;2:201-207.

Kulkarni SD. Cadmium toxicity to freshwater bivalve molluscs Lamellidens marginalis from Godavari river near Aurangabad. Ph.D. Thesis Marathwada University, Aurangabad. 1993;1-338.

Patil SS. Effect of toxic elements on the bivalve shellfishes from Maharashtra state. Ph.D. Thesis, Marathwada University, Aurangabad, M.S., India. 1993;1-396.

Devi VU. Changes in oxygen consumption and biochemical composition of the marine fouling dreissinid bivalve Mytilopsis sallei exposed to mercury. Ecotoxicol Environ. Saf. 1996;2:168-174.

Patil SS, Mane UH. Tissue biochemical levels in different body parts of the bivalve molluscs, Lamellidens marginalis (L.) exposed to mercury in winter season. J. Aqua. Biol. 1997; 1:47-52.

Kamble SP, Muley DV. Studies on some biochemical composition of estuarine clam, Meretrix meretrix from Ratnagiri coast. Maharashtra, Elixir Journal Aquaculture. 2015; 84:33536-33538.

Finney DJ. Probit analysis, 3rd ed. Cambridge University Press, 32 E. 57th St., New York, Ny 10022. 1971;xv:333.

De-Zwan, Zande. The utilization of glycogen and accumulation of some intermediates during anaerobiosis in Mytilus edulis L., Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 1972;43B:47-54.

Barnes H, Blackstock J. Estimation of lipids in marine animals and tissues: Detailed investigation of the sulphosphovanillin method for 'total' lipids. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 1973; 12:103-118.

Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AL, Randall RJ. Protein measurements with the Folin phenol reagent. J. Biol. Chem. 1951;193:265-275.

Chaudhari RD, Kulkarni AB. Alterations in the carbohydrate metabolism due to monocrotophos toxicity of the terrestrial snail, Zootecus insularis. Environment and Ecology. 1994;12(1):119-122.

Ghosh TK, Chatterjee SK. Effect of chromium on tissue energy reserye in fresh water fish, Sorotherondon mossiombicus. Environ. EcoL. 1985;3(2):178-179.

Martin DW, Mayes PA, Rodwell VW. Harpers Review of Biochemistry. Edn., Lange. Medical Publication, Calfornia; 1981.

Khan AK, Shaikh AM, Ansari NT. Cadmium chloride toxicity in glycogen level from body parts and whole body of marine edible gastropods, Babylonia spirara. Utterpradesh J. Zoo. 2001;21(3):203-206.

Lomte VS, Waykar BB. Effect of pesticides carboxyl, cypermethrin and endisulfan on glycogen content in different tissue of freshwater bivalve, Parreysia cylindrica, Envt. Issued and Sustainable Bdevelopement, Vinit Publication, Aurangabad. 2000;41-43.

Venkateshwarlu M, Sunita A. Impact of monocrotophos on tissue carbohydrates of the freshwater crab, Barytelphusa guerini (M. Edwards). Ind. J. Comp. Ani. Physiol. 1995; 13:35-36.

Reddy T. Ravindra, Vijaya Kumar N. Effect of Mercuric Chloride o carbohydrate metabolism of mantle, foot and gill of a freshwater mussed, Parreysia rugosa (Gmelin) J. Environ. Biol. 1986;7(4):225-230.

Mahajan, Zambare. Ascorbate effect on copper sulphates and mercuric chloride induced alternations of protein level in freshwater bivalve, Corbicula strialetta. Asian Jr. of microbial. Biotech. and Env. Sci. 2001;3(2-1): 95-100