Main Article Content
The long-term viability of sustainable agriculture is a common concern that transcends crop processing methods. In terms of disease management, the advancements on Genetic Engineering (GE) definitely allow the rapid entry into the fields of specific and complex resistance pathways for the management of diseases and other abiotic stresses that imitate biological mechanisms if they are used accordingly. Although, acknowledging the significant advantages of GE innovations, broader concerns must be addressed, including social acceptance. When analyzing similar concerns, it is indeed significant to mention that not only various GE techniques but also that various GEs and Genetic Modification (GMs) are feasible, extending from quite small, selective genetic manipulation to the incorporation of transgenes in one species from other via cisgenics and intragenics. The applications of Transgenic Plants (TPs) transformed for disease resistance and tolerate abiotic stresses, transformed with Genes Coding (GC) for antipathogen compounds, transformed with nucleic acids that lead to resistance and to silencing of pathogen genes and production of antibodies against the pathogens have been reviewed in this review article.
Rehman FU, Adnan M, Kalsoom M, Naz N, Husnain MG, Ilahi H, Ilyas MA, Yousaf G, Tahir R, Ahmad U. Seed-borne fungal diseases of Maize (Zea mays L.): A review. Agrinula: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan. 2021;4(1):43-60.
Vincelli P. Genetic engineering and sustainable crop disease management: Opportunities for case-by-case decision-making. Sustainability. 2016;8(5):495.
Kalsoom M, Rehman FU, Shafique TA, Junaid SA, Khalid N, Adnan M, Zafar IR, Tariq MA, Raza MA, Zahra A, Ali H. Biological importance of microbes in agriculture, food and pharmaceutical industry: A review. Innovare Journal Life Sciences. 2020;8(6):1-4.
Stagl S. Local organic food markets: potentials and limitations for contributing to sustainable development. Empirica. 2002;29(2):145-62.
Carvalho FP. Agriculture, pesticides, food security and food safety. Environmental science & policy. 2006;9(7-8):685-92.
National Research Council. The impact of genetically engineered crops on farm sustainability in the United States. National Academies Press; 2010 Aug 26.
Ajayi OC, Akinnifesi FK. Farmers understanding of pesticide safety labels and field spraying practices: a case study of cotton farmers in northern Cte dIvoire. Scientific Research and Essays. 2007;2(6):204-10.
Gilden RC, Huffling K, Sattler B. Pesticides and health risks. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 2010; 39(1):103-10.
Hatcher PE, Melander B. Combining physical, cultural and biological methods: prospects for integrated non‐chemical weed management strategies. Weed Research. 2003;43(5):303-22.
Menzler-Hokkanen I. Socioeconomic significance of biological control. InAn ecological and societal approach to biological control 2006 (pp. 13-25). Springer, Dordrecht.
Tester M, Langridge P. Breeding technologies to increase crop production in a changing world. Science. 2010;327(5967):818-22.
Jauhar PP. Modern biotechnology as an integral supplement to conventional plant breeding: the prospects and challenges. Crop science. 2006;46(5):1841-59.
Dasgupta I, Malathi VG, Mukherjee SK. Genetic engineering for virus resistance. Current science. 2003;84(3):341-54.
Vance V, Vaucheret H. RNA silencing in plants--defense and counterdefense. science. 2001 22;292(5525):2277-80.
Oerke EC. Crop losses to pests. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 2006;144(1):31-43.
Ray DK, Mueller ND, West PC, Foley JA. Yield trends are insufficient to double global crop production by 2050. PloS one. 2013;8(6):e66428.
Syvänen AC. Accessing genetic variation: genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms. Nature Reviews Genetics. 2001;2(12):930-42.
Lu BR, Snow AA. Gene flow from genetically modified rice and its environmental consequences. BioScience. 2005;55(8):669-78.
Khare N, Goyary D, Singh NK, Shah P, Rathore M, Anandhan S, Sharma D, Arif M, Ahmed Z. Transgenic tomato cv. Pusa Uphar expressing a bacterial mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase gene confers abiotic stress tolerance. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC). 2010;103(2):267-77.
Xu D, Duan X, Wang B, Hong B, Ho TH, Wu R. Expression of a late embryogenesis abundant protein gene, HVA1, from barley confers tolerance to water deficit and salt stress in transgenic rice. Plant Physiology. 1996;110(1):249-57.
Hussain Wani S, Brajendra Singh N, Haribhushan A, Iqbal Mir J. Compatible solute engineering in plants for abiotic stress tolerance-role of glycine betaine. Current Genomics. 2013;14(3):157-65.
Peng H, Chen Z, Fang Z, Zhou J, Xia Z, Gao L, Chen L, Li L, Li T, Zhai W, Zhang W. Rice Xa21 primed genes and pathways that are critical for combating bacterial blight infection. Scientific Reports. 2015;5(1):1-2.
Kumar A, Kumar R, Sengupta D, Das SN, Pandey MK, Bohra A, Sharma NK, Sinha P, Sk H, Ghazi IA, Laha GS. Deployment of genetic and genomic tools toward gaining a better understanding of rice-Xanthomonasoryzae pv. oryzae interactions for development of durable bacterial blight resistant rice. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2020;11:1152.
Poveda J, Francisco M, Cartea ME, Velasco P. Development of Transgenic Brassica Crops against Biotic Stresses Caused by Pathogens and Arthropod Pests. Plants. 2020;9(12):1664.
Guo Z, Bonos S, Meyer WA, Day PR, Belanger FC. Transgenic creeping bentgrass with delayed dollar spot symptoms. Molecular Breeding. 2003;11(2):95-101.
Wang X, Zafian P, Choudhary M, Lawton M. The PR5K receptor protein kinase from Arabidopsis thaliana is structurally related to a family of plant defense proteins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 1996;93(6):2598-602.
Chriscoe SM. Characterization of transgenic peanuts expressing oxalate oxidase for governmental approval of their release for control of Sclerotinia blight (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Tech).
Marchant R, Davey MR, Lucas JA, Lamb CJ, Dixon RA, Power JB. Expression of a chitinase transgene in rose (Rosa hybrida L.) reduces development of blackspot disease (Diplocarpon rosae Wolf). Molecular Breeding. 1998;4(3):187-94.
Mora AA, Earle ED. Resistance to Alternaria brassicicola in transgenic broccoli expressing a Trichoderma harzianum endochitinase gene. Molecular Breeding. 2001;8(1):1-9.
Murray F, Llewellyn D, McFadden H, Last D, Dennis ES, Peacock WJ. Expression of the Talaromyces flavus glucose oxidase gene in cotton and tobacco reduces fungal infection, but is also phytotoxic. Molecular Breeding. 1999;5(3):219-32.
Haq SK, Atif SM, Khan RH. Protein proteinase inhibitor genes in combat against insects, pests, and pathogens: natural and engineered phytoprotection. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 2004;431(1):145-59.
Singh RR, Verstraeten B, Siddique S, Tegene AM, Tenhaken R, Frei M, Haeck A, Demeestere K, Pokhare S, Gheysen G, Kyndt T. Ascorbate oxidation activates systemic defence against root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola in rice. Journal of experimental botany. 202;71(14):4271-84.
Köhle A, Sommer S, Li SM, Schilde-Rentschler L, Ninnemann H, Heide L. Secondary metabolites in transgenic tobacco and potato: high accumulation of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid glucosides results from high expression of the bacterial gene ubiC. Molecular Breeding. 2003;11(1):15-24.
Marcroft SJ, Van de Wouw AP, Salisbury PA, Potter TD, Howlett BJ. Effect of rotation of canola (Brassica napus) cultivars with different complements of blackleg resistance genes on disease severity. Plant Pathology. 2012;61(5):934-44.
Lindbo JA, Dougherty WG. Untranslatable transcripts of the tobacco etch virus coat protein gene sequence can interfere with tobacco etch virus replication in transgenic plants and protoplasts. Virology. 1992;189(2):725-33.
Abel PP, Nelson RS, De B, Hoffmann N, Rogers SG, Fraley RT, Beachy RN. Delay of disease development in transgenic plants that express the tobacco mosaic virus coat protein gene. Science. 1986;232(4751):738-43.
Lawson C, Kaniewski W, Haley L, Rozman R, Newell C, Sanders P, Tumer NE. Engineering resistance to mixed virus infection in a commercial potato cultivar: resistance to potato virus X and potato virus Y in transgenic Russet Burbank. Bio/technology. 1990; 8(2):127-34.
Magbanua ZV, Wilde HD, Roberts JK, Chowdhury K, Abad J, Moyer JW, Wetzstein HY, Parrott WA. Field resistance to tomato spotted wilt virus in transgenic peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) expressing an antisense nucleocapsid gene sequence. Molecular Breeding. 2000;6(2):227-36.
Fuentes A, Ramos PL, Fiallo E, Callard D, Sánchez Y, Peral R, Rodríguez R, Pujol M. Intron–hairpin RNA derived from replication associated protein C1 gene confers immunity to Tomato yellow leaf curl virus infection in transgenic tomato plants. Transgenic Research. 2006;15(3):291-304.
JUN C. Roles of siRNAs and miRNAs in host responses to virus infection: Identification and characterization of a novel viral suppressor of RNA silencing. 2004
Sijen T, Kooter JM. Post‐transcriptional gene‐silencing: RNAs on the attack or on the defense?. Bioessays. 2000;22(6):520-31.
Dietzgen RG, Twin J, Talty J, Selladurai S, Carroll ML, Coutts BA, Berryman DI, Jones RA. Genetic variability of Tomato spotted wilt virus in Australia and validation of real time RT‐PCR for its detection in single and bulked leaf samples. Annals of applied biology. 2005;146(4):517-30.
Qiu D, Mao J, Yang X, Zeng H. Expression of an elicitor-encoding gene from Magnaporthe grisea enhances resistance against blast disease in transgenic rice. Plant Cell reports. 2009;28(6):925-33.
Raven N, Rasche S, Kuehn C, Anderlei T, Klöckner W, Schuster F, Henquet M, Bosch D, Büchs J, Fischer R, Schillberg S. Scaled‐up manufacturing of recombinant antibodies produced by plant cells in a 200‐L orbitally‐shaken disposable bioreactor. Biotechnology and bioengineering. 2015; 112(2):308-21.
Hiatt A, Caffferkey R, Bowdish K. Production of antibodies in transgenic plants. Nature. 1989;342(6245):76-8.
Zimmermann S, Schillberg S, Liao YC, Fisher R. Intracellular expression of TMV-specific single-chain Fv fragments leads to improved virus resistance in shape Nicotiana tabacum. Molecular Breeding. 1998;4(4):369-79.
Biocca S, Ruberti F, Tafani M, Pierandrel-Amaldi P, Cattaneo A. Redox state of single chain Fv fragments targeted to the endoplasmic reticulum, cytosol and mitochondria. Bio/Technology. 1995;13(10):1110-5.
Yuan Q, Hu W, Pestka JJ, He SY, Hart LP. Expression of a Functional Antizearalenone Single-Chain Fv Antibody in Transgenic ArabidopsisPlants. Applied and environmental microbiology. 2000;66(8):3499-505.
Ab Rahman SF, Singh E, Pieterse CM, Schenk PM. Emerging microbial biocontrol strategies for plant pathogens. Plant Science. 2018; 267:102-11.
Most read articles by the same author(s)
- MARIA KALSOOM, FAZAL UR REHMAN, AFTAB AHMAD KHAN, RIMSHA IQBAL, NAGEEN NAZ, MUHAMMAD ADNAN, HAROON ILAHI, MUHAMMAD DANISH TOOR, AMBER ZAHRA, ATTA UR REHMAN, AAFAQ AHMAD, PLANT DISEASES AND CLIMATIC VARIATIONS: TRENDING CHALLENGES FOR FOOD SECURITY , Asian Journal of Advances in Research: 2021 - Volume 7 [Issue 3]