INVESTIGATIONS ON THE INHERENT RESISTANCE OF TWENTY-ONE MAIZE VARIETIES TO MAIZE WEEVIL, Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky AT F2 GENERATION

PDF

Published: 2021-05-31

Page: 450-460


GERALD M. UGAGU

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Imo State Polytechnic, Owerri, Nigeria.

BERTRAM E. B. NWOKE

Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.

NNAEMEKA K. OPARA

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Imo State Polytechnic, Owerri, Nigeria.

BENJAMIN C. ONWUBUCHE

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Imo State Polytechnic, Owerri, Nigeria.

PETER I. ISIAKA

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Imo State Polytechnic, Owerri, Nigeria.

LUKE C. NWOSU *

Department of Crop and Soil Science, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

AKUBUIKE N. ELUWA

Department of General Studies, Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu, Nigeria.

OYINLOLA A. AJAYI

Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Ede, Nigeria.

GODFREY M. PETGRAVE

Agronomy Unit, Precision Agriculture for Development, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

UWAOMA O. AGUWA

Department of Crop Science and Horticulture, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

It has been internationally accented that use of resistant variety is a key strategy to save maize (Zea mays L.) grains from the pernicious activities of the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Therefore, twenty improved varieties and one local maize variety were studied in the laboratory using standard methods. The test varieties were selected because they are palatable, good-yielding and survive early season planting. Patterns of S. zeamais susceptibility index and adult mortality were plotted. Association between susceptibility index and adult mortality revealed that the two are connected in an inverse relationship. Eight varieties (38%) were resistant to S. zeamais attack. Aside allowing significantly minimal support for the survival and the development of S. zeamais, the varieties were consistently least damaged and lost. The cultivation and use of the resistant varieties identified will permit the postharvest storage of maize for long duration and reduce other problems associated with S. zeamais infestation. Thirteen moderately resistant maize varieties (62%) were revealed and their use under long storage condition should come with caution. The local maize variety had equivalent inherent moderate resistance with 57% of the varieties investigated. Most of the resistant maize varieties showed high viability when planted in the laboratory. This is an added advantage.

Keywords: Resistant variety, S. zeamais, postharvest, long storage, high viability


How to Cite

UGAGU, G. M., NWOKE, B. E. B., OPARA, N. K., ONWUBUCHE, B. C., ISIAKA, P. I., NWOSU, L. C., ELUWA, A. N., AJAYI, O. A., PETGRAVE, G. M., & AGUWA, U. O. (2021). INVESTIGATIONS ON THE INHERENT RESISTANCE OF TWENTY-ONE MAIZE VARIETIES TO MAIZE WEEVIL, Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky AT F2 GENERATION. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 4(1), 450–460. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/2189

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Keba T, Sori W. Differential resistance of maize varieties to maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) under laboratory conditions. J. Entomol. 2013;10(1):1–12.

Bell-Gam SP, Nwosu LC, Ileke KD, Aguwa UO. Effect of X-ray irradiation on the F1 generation of Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky and the germination rate of maize grain. JOBAZ. 2021;82:25.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1186/s41936-021-00225-y

Makate N. The susceptibility of different maize varieties to postharvest infestation by Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Scientific Res. Essay. 2010;5: 030–034.

Nwosu LC, Adedire CO, Ogunwolu EO. Screening for new sources of resistance to Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) infestation in stored maize genotypes. J. Crop Prot. 2015a; 4(3):277–290.

Nwosu LC, Adedire CO, Ogunwolu EO. Feeding site preference of Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on maize grain. Int. J. Trop. Insect Sci. 2015b;35(2):62–68.

Nwosu LC. Chemical bases for maize grain resistance to infestation and damage by the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky. J. Stored Prod. Res. 2016;69:41–50.

Nwosu LC, Zakka U, Lawal IA, Ajayi AO, Eluwa AN, Obi OA, Odobi PA. Resistance status of fifteen elite maize varieties and influence of grain morpho-physical characters to infestation and damage by Sitophilus zeamais. Niger. J. Crop Sci. 2016;3(1):24–30.

Lale NES. Stored-Product Entomology and Acarology in Tropical Africa. Mole Publications Ltd., Maiduguri, Nigeria. 2002; 204.

Nwosu LC, Adedire CO, Ogunwolu EO, Ashamo MO. Relative susceptibility of 20 elite maize varieties to infestation and damage by the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Int. J. Trop. Insect Sci. 2015c;35(4):185–192.

Nwosu LC, Adedire CO. Effects of host resistance and plant-derived insecticides on mortality of Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) adults in stored maize. Int. J. Trop. Insect Sci. 2019;39:165–173.

Parwada C, Gadzirayi C, Karavina C, Kubiku F, Mandumbu R, Mandumbu BZ. Tagetes minuta formulation effect on Sitophilus zeamais (weevils) control in stored maize grain. Int. J. Plt. Res. 2012;2(3):65–68.

Muzemu S, Chitamba J, Goto S. Screening of stored maize (Zea mays L.) varieties grain for tolerance against maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.). Int. J. Plt. Res. 2013;3(3): 17–22.

Nwosu LC. Evaluation of powder of weevil resistant maize as eco-friendly option in the management of Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) infestation in stored maize. J. Entomol. Res. 2014;38(4):245–250.

Lopes LM, Araújo AEF, Santos ACV, Santos VB, Sousa AH. Population development of Zabrotes subfasciatus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in landrace bean varieties occurring in Southwestern Amazonia. J. Econ. Entomol. 2016;109(1):467–471.

Mihm JA, (ed). Insect resistant maize, recent advances and utilization: Proceedings of an International Symposium held at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (Commit) 27 November – 3 December 1994, DF: Cimmyt, Mexico; 1997.

Issa US, Afun JVK, Mochiah MB, Owusu-Akyaw M, Braimah H. Resistance status of some maize lines and varieties to the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). J. Ani. Plt. Sci. 2011;11(3):1466–1473.

Asawalam EF, Emosairue SO, Ekeleme F, Wokocha RC. Insecticidal effects of powdered parts of eight Nigerian plant species against maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem. 2007;6(11):2526– 2533.

Dobie P. The laboratory assessment of the inherent susceptibility of maize varieties to post-harvest infestation by Sitophilus zeamais (Mostchulsky) (Coleptera: Curculionidea). J. Stored Prod. Res. 1974;10:179–183.

Adedire CO, Akinkurolere RO, Ajayi OO. Susceptibility of some maize cultivars in Nigeria to infestation and damage by maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Mostch.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Niger. J. Entomol. 2011;28:55–63.

Halstead DGH. External sex differences in stored-products Coleoptera. Bull. Entomol. Res. 1963;54:119–134.

Adedire CO, Akinkurolere RO. Bioactivity of four plants extracts on coleopterous pests of stored cereals and legumes in Nigeria. Zool. Res. 2005;26(3):243–249.

Zeng D, Alwang J, Norton GW, Shiferaw B, Jaleta M. Ex-post impacts of improved maize varieties on poverty in rural Ethiopia: diffusion and impact of improved varieties in Africa (DIVA), Rome, CGIAR. Standing Panel on Impact Assessment; 2013.

Arnason JT, Baum B, Gale J, Lambert JDH, Bergvinson D, Philogene BJR, Serratos JA, Mihm J, Jewell DC. Variation in resistance of Mexican landraces of maize to maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais, in relation to taxonomic and biochemical parameters, Euphytic. 2004;74:227–336.

Abebe F, Tefera T, Mugo S, Beyene Y, Vidal S. Resistance of maize varieties to the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Afr. J. Biotechnol. 2009;8(21):5937–5943.

Bergvinson DJ. Storage Pest Resistance in Maize. In: Maize Programme, Maize Research Highlights, 1999 – 2000. CIMMYT, Mexico D.F., Mexico. 2001;32–39.

Ashamo MO. Insect Pest Management: Concepts and Option. In: Advances in Biological Sciences (Edited by C.O. Adedire and O.A. Fagbenro). Artsmostfare Prints, Ibadan, Nigeria. 2016;199–234.

Ajayi FA, Ogunwolu EO, Adeyemo MO, Jayeoba OJ, Sanni H. Damage by Asphondylia sesame Felt (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) to sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as influenced by variety and planting date at Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Niger. J. Entomol. 2013;30: 103–107.