AVIFAUNAL DIVERSITY IN URBAN ECOSYSTEMS OF NORTH MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA

PDF

Published: 2021-12-13

Page: 1382-1394


SATYA NARAYAN RAWAT *

Conservation Biology Lab, School of Studies in Zoology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh) – 474011, India.

R. J. RAO

Conservation Biology Lab, School of Studies in Zoology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh) – 474011, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The high rate of Urbanization and loss of bird habitat at the global level is increasing day by day and now due to this activity challenging ecosystem will create problems in the future because more people prefer to live in the cities. The main objective of the study was to know the current status of urban bird diversity, their habitat, and their conservation plan. Point count and Line transect methods were used for the bird survey. The various bird species with population were sighted through binocular and species identification was done by using different identification keys. Photograph of birds was taken by the Nikon DSLR camera and the GPS locations of each study site were recorded in the datasheet. The total numbers of 104 bird species were recorded from all study sites belonging to 16 orders and 48 families. In recent times some species migrated from urban to semi-urban areas because they have not existed in narrow habitats. However, some scavenger birds are seen at dead animal dumping sites. Family Columbidae was found dominant with 6% contribution followed by families like Muscicapidae, Sturnidae, Motacillidae, Scolopacidae, and Anatidae with 5% contribution each and further followed by other families with less than 5% contribution. These present results indicate that Rock dove is highly habituated in the urban ecosystem while House sparrow, Golden oriole, Grey hornbill, and Egyptian vulture are sensitive species. So they are seen as local migratory species. A conservation plan is needed to develop green belts at street level and with the maintenance of the old garden; new parks should be established in urban areas. The artificial nest (wooden nest), food (mixed grains), and water properly take place in parks. Birds are also important for the maintenance of the ecosystem because they act as an effective tool for biological pest control.  

Keywords: Urbanization, ecosystem, conservation, habitat, scavengers


How to Cite

RAWAT, S. N., & RAO, R. J. (2021). AVIFAUNAL DIVERSITY IN URBAN ECOSYSTEMS OF NORTH MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 4(1), 1382–1394. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/2671

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Miller JR, Hobbs RJ. Conservation where people live and work. Conserv. Boil. 2002;16:330-337.

Marzluff JM. Worldwide urbanization and its effects on birds. Avian ecology and conservation in an urbanizing world. Kluwer Academic Publ., Boston. 2001;19-38.

Chace JF, Walsh JJ. Urban effects on native avifauna: A review. Landscape Urban Plan. 2006;74:46-69.

Kumar A, Walker S, Molur S. Prioritisation of endangered species. Setting Biodiversity Conservation Priorities for India; 2000.

Savard JPL, Clergeau P, Mennechez G. Biodiversity concepts and urban ecosystems. Landsc. Urban Plann. 2000;48:131-142.

Bibby CJ, Burgess ND, Hill DA, Mustoe S. Bird census techniques. 2nd edition. Academic Press, London. 2000;302.

Buckland ST, Anderson DR, Burnham KP, Laake JL, Borchers DL, Thomas L. Introduction to distance sampling: estimating abundance of biological populations. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 2001;432.

Ali S. The Book of Indian Birds (11th Ed). Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay; 1996.

Hussain KZ. Birds of Bangladesh: An annotated comparative checklist (For the 20th Century). Majid Publication, Dhaka. 2008;95.

Ali S. The book of Indian birds. Bombay Natural History Society, Oxford University Press. 2002;326.

Grewal B, Harvey B, Pfister O. A photographic guide to the birds of India including Nepal, Sri Lanka, The Maldives, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Bhutan; 2002.

Harvey B. Birds of Bangladesh. The University Press, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 1990.

Khan MMH. Protected areas of Bangladesh. A Guide to Wildlife Nishorgo; 2008.

Harney NV, Bhute KB. Diversity of Avifauna in and around Chal¬bardi (rai) lake near Bhadrawati, district Chandrapur (m.s.), India. Journal of Global Biosciences. 2014;3(2):2014:399-405.

Nilon CH, Long CN, Zipperer WC. Effects of wildland development on forest bird communities. Landsc. Urban Plann. 1994;32:81-92:197. The program, Bangladesh Forest Department, Dhaka.

Friesen LE, Eagles PFJ, Mackay RJ. Effects of residential development on forest-dwelling neotropical migrant songbirds. Conserv. Biol. 1995;9:1408-1414.

Savard JPL, Clergeau P, Mennechez G. Biodiversity concepts and urban ecosystems. Landsc. Urban Plann. 2000;48:131-142.

Collins JP, Kinzig A, Grimm NB, Fagan WF, Hope D, Wu JG, Borer ET. A new urban ecology. Am. Sci. 2000;88:416-425.

State of Forest Report India Published by Forest Survey of India (Ministry of Environment & Forests) Kaulagarh Road, P.O-IPE Dehradun -248195 India; 2011.

Grimmett R, Inskipp C, Inskipp T. The book of Birds of the Indian Subcontinent, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing, Oxford University Press. 2015;326.