ASSESSMENT TOXICITY OF RECOGNIZED INSECTICIDES AGAINST Pectinophora gossypiella (SAUNDERS) AND THEIR IMPACT ADVERSE ON DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF Bracon brevicornis (WESMAEL) (HYMENOPTERA: BRACONIDAE)

PDF

Published: 2022-02-19

Page: 362-373


RANIA M. EL-SHENNAWY *

Department of Cotton Bollworms Research, Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

MERVAT A. A. KANDIL

Department of Cotton Bollworms Research, Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

In the current work, the toxicity of three compounds(belong to three different insecticidal groups); Flufenoxuron, Spinetoram, and Lambda-cyhalothrin were evaluated against the newly hatched larvae of Pectinophora gossypiella to estimate the LC50 values, in addition to study the adverse effects on some biological parameters of the insect and its larval parasitoid Bracon brevicornis. According to LC50 values, Lambda-cyhalothrin was the highest potency and the most toxic (0.358) followed by spinetoram (2.62) and Flufenoxuron (4.312). Moreover, all tested compounds significantly increased P. gossypiella larval duration to 23.5, 19.0, and 21.4 days/larvae for Lambda-cyhalothrin, Spinetoram, and Flufenoxuron, respectively, compared to 15.3 days for control. In addition, the highest percentage of total larval mortality was recorded (71%) for Flufenoxuron followed by (67%) for Lambda-cyhalothrin then (57%) for Spinetoram, compared to (4%) for untreated. Besides, percent of (5, 10, and 8 %) of pupal mortality were recorded for previously mentioned three tested compounds, respectively. Furthermore, rearing B. brevicornis on the full-grown host of P. gossypiella resulted from Flufenoxuron, Spinetoram, and Lambda-cyhalothrin treatments cussed significant elongations of both larval and cocoon durations recorded 10.9, 9.8, and 11.9 days/ larvae, and 8.3, 7.6, and 6.6 days/ cocoon, respectively, compared with 7.3 days/ larva and 5.6days/ cocoon in control. Therefore, the total immature period of the parasitoid B. brevicornis was observed to increase as a result of treatments. Besides, some biological parameters of B. brevicornis adults were also affected whereas, the oviposition periods were reduced to 9.6, 8.3, and days in rearing parasitoid females on Flufenoxuron, Spinetoram, and Lambda-cyhalothrin treated larvae, respectively, compared to 12.3 days for control, at the same time, the total number of deposited eggs by parasitoid females were reduced to 132.0, 109, and 74.3 eggs/ female, for Flufenoxuron, Spinetoram, and Lambda-cyhalothrin treatments, respectively, compared to 197.0 eggs/ untreated females.

Keywords: Pectinophora gossypiella, Bracon brevicornis, flufenoxuron, spinetoram and lambda-cyhalothrin, toxicity and biology


How to Cite

M. EL-SHENNAWY, R., & A. KANDIL, M. A. (2022). ASSESSMENT TOXICITY OF RECOGNIZED INSECTICIDES AGAINST Pectinophora gossypiella (SAUNDERS) AND THEIR IMPACT ADVERSE ON DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF Bracon brevicornis (WESMAEL) (HYMENOPTERA: BRACONIDAE). Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 5(1), 362–373. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/2832

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Willcocks FC. The insect and related pests of Egypt. Vol. 1. The insect and related pests injurious to the cotton plant. Part 1. The pink bollworm. Sultanic. Agric. Soc., Cairo. 1916; 339.

Monsarrat S, Abol-Ela I, Abdel-Hamid G, Fediere G, Kuhl M, El Hussen, Giannotti J. A new RNA picorna-like virus in the cotton pink bollworm Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Egypt, Entomophagy. 1995;40(11):47-54.

Kusiluka L, Kambarage D. Diseases of small ruminants. A handbook common diseases of sheep and goats in sub-Saharan, Africa. Chapter 6 Diseases Caused by Arthropods and Fungi; 2006.

Godfray HCJ. Parasitoids: Behavioural and evolutionary ecology, Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-00047-6, UK;1994.

kandil MA, Ayman M Adly, Ashraf F Ahmed, Mostafa AM Shalaby. Evaluation of the Biological Parameters of the Interaction of the Parasitoid, Bracon brevicornis (Wesmael) (Braconidae: Hymenoptera) vs. Four Different Hosts under the No-Choice Situation, Egypt. Acad. J. Biolog. Sci. 2018;10(2):123– 132.

Kandil MA, Moustafa HZ. Impact of conventional insecticides on two bollworms and their indirect effects on the ecto-parasitoid, Bracon brevicornis (Wesmael) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Bulletin of the National Research Centre. 2019;43(202).

Kandil MA, Said SM, Abdelaal AAA. Effect of food types of Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on biological aspects and life- table of Apanteles galleria Wilkinson (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). African J. of Agricultural Research. 2020;16(6),:884-891.

Kandil MA, MOUSTAFA HZ. Biological and genetic overview of Pectinophora gossypiella and its association parasitosid Bracon brevicornis genomusing two molecular markers techniques. Asian Journal of Advances in Research. 2021;10(1):27-36.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1186/s42269-019-0250

Desneux N, Decourtye A, Delpuech JM. The Sublethal Effects of Pesticides on Beneficial Arthropods. Annual Review of Entomology. 2007;52:81-106.

Kandil MA. Effect of profenofous and diflubenzuron on Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) and its parasitoid Dibrachys cavus (Walker). Bulletin of the Entomological Society of Egypt, Economic Series. 2007; 33:77-92.

Van de Vierre M Smagghe, Degheele G. Laboratory test method to evaluate the effect of 31 pesticides on the predatory bug, Orius laevigatus (Het. Anthocordae). Entomophaga. 1996;41:235-243.

Wirtz K, Bala S, Amann A, Elbert A. A promise extended – the future role of pyrethroids in agriculture. Bayer CropScience Journal. 2009;62(2):145-158.

Youssef AI, Nasr FN, Stefanos SS, Elkhair SSA, Shehata WA, Ag amy E, Herz A, Hassan SA. The side-effects of plant protection products used in olive cultivation on the hymenopterous egg parasitoid Trichogramma cacoeciae Marchal Journal of Applied Entomology. 2004;128(9-10):593-599.

Prabhaker N, Morse JG, Castle SJ, Naranjo SE, Henneberry TJ, Toscano NC. Toxicity of seven foliar insecticides to four insect parasitoids attacking citrus and cotton pests. Journal of Economic Entomology. 2007;100(4):1053-1061.

Wang HY, Yanga Y, Sua JY, Shena JL, Gaoa CF, Zhub YC. Assessment of the impact of insecticides on Anagrus nilaparvatae (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), an egg parasitoid of the rice planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). Crop Protection. 2008;27:514-522.

Thompson GD. Spinosyns: An overview of new natural insect management systems. Proc. Beltwide Cotton Production Conference, San Antonio, TX. 1995;039-1043.

Thompson GD, Dutton R, Sparks TC. Spinetoram-a case study: An example from a natural products discovprogramamme. Pest Manag Sci. 2000;56:696-702.

Kirst HA. The spinosyn family of insecticides: realizing the potential of natural products research. J Antibiot. 2010;63:101-11.

Abedi Z. Lethal and sub-lethal effects of azadirachtin, pyridinyl, cypermethrin, and methoxyfenozide on biological parameters of Habrobracon hebetor Say (Hym.: Braconidae). M.Sc. thesis, University of Maragheh, Iran. 2012;104.

Khajepour S, Izadi H, Asari MJ. Evaluation of two formulated chitin synthesis inhibitors, hexaflumuron, and lufenuron against the raisin moth, Ephestia figulilella. Journal of Insect Science. 2012;12:102.

Rashad AM, Ammar ED. Mass rearing of the sping bollworm, E. insulana (Boisd.) on a semi-artificial diet. Bull. Ent. Soc. Egypt, Econ. Ser. 1985;65:239-244.

Abbott WS. A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. J. of Econ. Entomol. 1925;18:265-267.

Tapozada A, Abdallah S, El-Defrawi ME. Cheniosterilization of larvae and adults of the Egyptian cotton leafworm, Prodenia litura by Apholat, Metepa, and Tepa. J. Econ. Entomol. 1966;59(5):1125-1128.

Sun YP. Toxicity index on an improved method of comparing the relative toxicity of insecticides. J. Econ. Entomol. 1950;43:45-53.

Temarak SA. Susceptibility of Spodoptera littoralis to an old and new generation of Spinosyn products in five kinds of cotton. Resistant Pest Mangament. 2007;16(No):2.

Ghure ST, Kharbde BS, Patil DS. Bioefficacy of new pesticides against bollworm complex of cotton (Gossypium spp.). International J. of Plant Protection. 2008;1(2): 106-109.

Gosalwad SS, Kamble SK, Wadnerkar DW, Awaz KB. Efficacy of some newer insecticides for control of cotton bollworms. Journal of Cotton Research and Development. 2009; 23(2):282-285.

Mahdavi V. Residual toxicity of some pesticides on the larval ectoparasitoid Bracon Hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Journal of Plant Protection Research. 2013;53(1):27- 31.

Kandil MA, Ahmed AF, Moustafa HZ. Toxicological and biochemical studies of lufenuron, chlorfluazuron and chromafenozide against Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders). Egypt Acad J Biol Sci. 2013;4(1):37–47.

El-Barkey NM, Amer AE, Kandeel MA. Ovicidal activity and Biological effects of Radiant and Hexaflumuron against eggs of pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) Egypt. Acad. J. Biolog. Sci. 2009;2(1):23–36.

Reda FAB, El-barky NM, Abd Elaziz MF, Awad MH, Abd El-Halim HME. Effect of chitin synthesis inhibitors (flufenoxuron) on some biological and biochemical aspects of the cotton leafworm Spodoptera littoralis Bosid (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences, F. Toxicology & Pest Control. 2010;2(2):43- 56.

Shaurub EH, Zohdy NZ, Abdel-Aal AE, Emara SA. Effect of chlorfluazuron and flufenoxuron on development and reproductive performance of the black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Invertebrate Reproduction and Development. 2018;62(1):27-34.

Moustafa HZ, Salem MSM. Influence of three insecticides from three different groups on Pectinophora gossypiella (Saund.) International Journal of Entomology Research. 2019;4:(4)127-131.

Anne A, Anne MC, Jean PN, Jean PA. Selectivity assessment of chlorfenvinphos was reevaluated by including physiological and behavioral effects on an important beneficial insect. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2001; 20(11):2530–2536.

Armenta R, Martínez AM, Chapman J, Magallanesand R, Goulson D. Impact of a nucleopolyhedro virus bio insecticide and selected synthetic insecticides on the abundance of insect natural enemies on maize in Southern Mexico. J Econ Entomol. 2003; 96:649–661.

Khan RR, Ashfaq M, Rana SHA. Some studies on the toxicity of conventional and new chemistry insecticides against Bracon hebetor Say (Hym: Braconidae) under laboratory conditions. Pak Entomol. 2005; 27(1):19–21.

Khan RR, Ashfaq M, Ahmed S, Sahi ST. Mortality responses in Bracon hebetor (Say) (Braconidae: Hymenoptera) against some new chemistry and conventional insecticides under laboratory conditions. Pak J Agric Sci. 2009;46(1):30–35.

Sarfaz M, Dosdall LM, Keddie BA. Spinetoram: A Promising Tool for Integrated Pest Management. Outlooks on Pest Management. 2005;16(2):78-84.

Tabozada EK, El-Arnaouty SA, Sayed SM. Effectiveness of two chitin synthesis inhibitors; Flufenoxuron and Lufenuron on Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and side effects of sublethal concentrations of them on two hymenopteran parasitoids. Life Science Journal. 2014;11(10): 239-245.

Hooshang RD, Mir Jalil H, Ghadir NG, Moosa S. Sublethal effects of some conventional and biorational insecticides on ectoparasitoid, Habrobracon hebetor Say (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). J. Entomol. 2009; 6(2):82–89.

Faal MAH. The sub-lethal effects of chlorpyrifos and fenpropatrin on the biological parameters and functional response of Habrobracon hebetor Say (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in the laboratory condition. M.Sc. Thesis, Shahid Chamran Ahvaz University, Khuzestan, Iran. 2010;128.

Ebeid AR, Elbehery HH, Farag N, Gesraha MA. Toxicity of some insecticides on the hymenopteran parasitoid, Bracon Hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Eur J Sustainable Dev. 2017;6(4):72-80.