COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE ECOLOGICAL EFFECT OF DIFFERENT DRYING METHODS ON THE PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF THE LEAVES OF TRIDAX PROCUMBENS LINN

Full Article - PDF

Published: 2022-04-12

Page: 693-701


ANYANELE, WISDOM CHIBUZO *

Department of Botany, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

ANYANELE, IJEOMA SYLVALYN

Department of Pure and industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

EZEABARA, CHINELO ANTHONIA

Department of Botany, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

ANIEROBI, JOSHUA EBUBE

Department of Botany, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

AFAM-EZEAKU, CHIKAODILI EZIAMAKA

Department of Botany, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The role of plants in medicine cannot be over-emphasized; nearly all known conventional drugs have their composition to originate from plants. This medicinal properties possessed by plants can be attributed to some chemicals which are called phytochemicals produced in some parts of the plants. The ease in access to plants which is all around us, made individuals and households to become Doctors of their own. In that the hear-say knowledge of plants has led to people choosing plants for treatment of sicknesses over conventional drugs. Locally, there are various ways individuals prepare their herbal medicine, and they include; boiling, drying under the sun and air drying etc. This study was aimed to know the extent to which some of these methods of herbal medicine preparation (sun drying and air drying) affect the phytochemical composition of some plant parts. The leaves of Tridax procumbens were used for this study, and it was evaluated for total saponin, total flavonoids and other secondary metabolites using standard procedures. The study of two different samples from the aforementioned two different methods of herbal medicine preparation reveals the presence of saponin, tannin, alkaloid, flavonoid, steroid. The air dried sample gave higher composition of saponin (1.85±0.03), flavonoids (1.34±0.03), tannin (2.51±0.02), alkaloids (1.49±0.02) and steroid (0.26±0.02), there is significant difference between the phytochemicals seen in the two samples. Thus, this reveals that the air drying method will have little effect on the phytochemical constituent of the leaves, and can be preferred over sun drying in preparation of herbal medicine.

Keywords: Phytochemical, composition, plants, extraction, drying, herbal


How to Cite

CHIBUZO, A. W., IJEOMA SYLVALYN, A., CHINELO ANTHONIA, E., JOSHUA EBUBE, A., & EZIAMAKA, A.-E. C. (2022). COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE ECOLOGICAL EFFECT OF DIFFERENT DRYING METHODS ON THE PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF THE LEAVES OF TRIDAX PROCUMBENS LINN. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 5(1), 693–701. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/2952

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Kunle OF, Egharevba HO, Ahmadu PO. Standardization of herbal medicines –A review. Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation. 2012;4(3):101-112.

DOI.org/10.5772/intechopen.72816.

Schulz V, Hänsel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy. A Physician’s Guide to Herbal Medicine, 4th Ed., Berlin, Springer-Verlag; 2001.

Barboza GE, Cantero JJ, Núñez C, Pacciaroni A, Espinar LA. Medicinal plants: A general review and a phytochemical and ethnopharmacological screening of the native Argentine Flora. Kurtziana. 2009;3(4):7-365.

ISSN:1852-5962.

Wachtel-Galor S, Benzie IF. Herbal medicine. In: Benzie I, Wachtel-Galor S, editors. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis; ISBN: 2011;13: 978-1-4398-0713-2

Pal SK, Shukla Y. Herbal medicine: Current status and the future. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2003;4:281-288.

Bayodoun SA, Kanj D, Kari B, Maha AA, Lamis C, Nally AA. Ethnobotanical and Economic Importance of wild Plants species of Jabal moussa, Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography. 2017;07(03).

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7625.

Bent S. Herbal medicine in the United States: Review of efficacy, safety, and regulation. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2008; 23(6):854-859.

DOI: 10.1007/s11606-008-0632.

Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicine. 3rd ed. Pharmaceutical Press; 2007.

ISBN:;978-0-85369-623-0.

Despande SS, Shah GB, Parmar NS. Antiulcer activity of Tephrosia purpurea in rats. Indian Journal of Pharmacology. 2000;35:168-172.

Ekor,Ekor M. The growing use of herbal medicines: Issues relating to adverse reactions and challenges in monitoring safety. Frontiers in Pharmacology. 2014;4: 1-10.

DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2013.00177.

Boullata JI, Nace AM. Safety issues with herbal medicine. Pharmacotherapy. 2000;20(3): 257-269.

DOI: 10.1592/phco.20.4.257.34886.

Manayi A, Vazirian M, Saeidnia S. Echinacea purpurea: Pharmacology, phytochemistry and analysis methods. Pharmacognosy Reviews. 2015;9(17):63-72.

DOI: 10.4103/0973-7847.156353.

Baer-Sinot S, Livia SA, Anne MA, Arnie A, Fiona SA, Allan WB, Jannie CB, Kathy U, Wolever T, Walter CW, David JA. Dietary fibre consensus from the international carbohydrate quality consortium (ICOC). Nutrient. 2020;12(9):2553, 2020.

Ingle KP, Deshmukh AG, Padole DA, Dudhare MS, Moharil MP, Khelurkar VC. Phytochemicals: Extraction methods, identification, and detection of bioactive compounds from plant extracts. Journal of Pharmacognocy and Phytochemistry. 2017;6:32-6.

Ujang ZB, Subramaniam T, Diah MM, Wahid HB, Abdullah BB, Rashid AA, Appleton D. Bioguided fractionation and purification of natural bioactive obtained from Alpinia conchigera water extract with melanin inhibition activity. Journal of Biomater Nanobiotechnology. 2013;4:265- 272.

Azwanida NN. A review on the extraction methods use in medicinal plants, principle, strength, and limitation. Medical Aromatic Plants. 2015;4:196.

Majekodunmi SO. Review of Extraction of Medicinal Plants for Pharmaceutical Research. 2015;3:521-7.

Pandey A, Tripathi S. Concept of standardization, extraction, and pre-phytochemical screening strategies for herbal drug. Journal of Pharmacognocy and Phytochemistry. 2014;2:115-9.

Asif M. A brief study of toxic effects of some medicinal herbs on kidney. Advance Biomedical Research. 2012;1:44.

DOI:10.4103/2277-9175.100144..

Allard T, Wenner T, Greten HJ, Efferth T. Mechanisms of herb-induced nephrotoxicity.Current Medical Chemistry. 2013;20(22):2812–9.

Nudrat F, Naira N. Toxic Effects as a Result of Herbal Medicine Intake. 2016;9:195–197.

Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/64468.

Andrade RJ, Robles M, Fernández-Castañer A, López-Ortega S, López-Vega MC, Lucena MI. Assessment of drug-induced hepatotoxicity in clinical practice: a challenge of gastroenterologists. World Journal of Gastroenterology. 2007;13(3):329–40.

DOI:10.3748/wjg.v13.i3.329.

Pai VB, Nahata MC. Cardiotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agents: incidence, treatment and prevention. Drug Safety Journal. 2000;22(4):263–302.

Maffè S, Paffoni P, Laura CM, Davanzo F, Dellavesa P, Cucchi L, Zenone F, Paino AM, Franchetti PN, Bergamasco L, Signorotti F, Parravicini U. Herbs and Cardiotoxic Effects. 2013;14(6):445–55.

DOI:10.1714/1280.14158.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedures for agricultural research-Development. Second edition. A wiley-interscience publication, International Rice Reseaarch Institute. New york. 1984:680.

Aderibigbe AO, Agbola OI, Amaechi UP, Eduviere AT. Anti-Inflamatoryand Anagelsic properties of Albizia affiissima (Hook f.), Hutch Dandy leaves in mice. Achive of Basic & applied medicine. Arch Bas. App. Med. 2016;3(2015):59-64.

Michael H, Jeffery M, Vafa A. Alkaloids used as Medicines structural phytochemistry meets Biodiversity –An update and forward look. Molecule. 2021;26(7):1836.

WHO. WHO global Report on Traditional and Complementary Medicine; 2019.

ISBN 978-92-4-151543-6.

Accessed 03 April, 2022.

Chen CC, Hsu JD, Wang HC, Yung- Chyan H, Chau-jong. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2013;51(18):5372- 5477.

Michael CN, Nwakodo CS, Ndulaka JC, Nwokocha NJ. Research Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Management. 2018;7(1):007-017.

Onwuka G, Ndife J, Nwabueze TU, James S. Influence of fermentation and germination on some bioactive components of selected lesser legumes, indigenous to Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research. 2020;2: 100086.