PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF LEAF, STEM AND ROOT EXTRACTS OF Euphorbia heterophylla

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Published: 2022-04-15

Page: 744-747


ANYANELE, SYLVALYN IJEOMA *

Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

AJIWE, VINCENT ISHMAEL EGBULEFU

Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

ANYANELE, WISDOM CHIBUZO

Department of Botany, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

UMEOKOLI, BLESSING OGECHUKWU

Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The work was done to analyze the pharmaceutical active ingredients present in the leaf, stem and root of Euphorbia heterophylla of the family Euphorbiacea. The phytochemical screening done using some standard methods indicated the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tanins, steroids and volatile oils. Alkaloids and saponins were absent in the leaf and root respectively. The Atomic Absorption spectroscopic analysis carried out on these different parts of plants showed the presence of some elements such as lead, manganese, nickel, copper, cadmium, magnesium, iron, chromium and calcium which are at different concentrations but lead was found to be absent in the stem. Some of these elements are beneficial to health and those heavy metals present were equally at low concentrations.

Keywords: Phytochemical, euphorbia heterophylla, elements, spectroscopy, extracts


How to Cite

SYLVALYN IJEOMA, A., VINCENT ISHMAEL EGBULEFU, A., WISDOM CHIBUZO, A., & BLESSING OGECHUKWU, U. (2022). PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF LEAF, STEM AND ROOT EXTRACTS OF Euphorbia heterophylla. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 5(1), 744–747. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/2961

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