Effect of Extraction Temperature and the Type of Solvent on the Phenolic Content, Anti-Oxidant Capacity, and Flow Indicators for the Mucilage Extracted from the Root of Althaea sp.

PDF

Published: 2023-01-31

Page: 49-55


Afraa Masri *

Department of Food Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Tishreen University, Syria.

Rhamez Mohammad

Department of Food Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Tishreen University, Syria.

Lina Rayya

Department Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Tishreen University, Lattakia Research Center, Syria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

This research was conducted at the Agricultural Scientific Research Center and Tishreen University - Faculty of Agriculture in Lattakia in the summer of 2021-2022. The research aimed to show the effect of the incubation temperature and the type of solvent used in extracting the mucilage powder of the Althaea sp root, on its content of phenols, its antioxidant capacity, and flow indicators. These six transactions are (Water at room temperature + isopropanol A, water at 40°C ˚ + isopropanol B, water at 60°C + isopropanol C, room temperature water + ethanol D, water at 40°C ˚ + ethanol E, water at 60°C ˚ + ethanol F. The results showed that increasing the incubation temperature increased the phenol content and the antioxidant capacity of the powder obtained from the marshmallow root when both solvents used in the extraction. Treatment C (60°C) temperature and isopropanol) got the highest average of phenol content and antioxidant capacity, at 60 mg/100g, 55.66%. The incubation temperature did not affect an average of the flow indicators, while the type of solvent affected them. The results show that the powders from extraction with isopropanol had higher flow indicators than the powder produced when extracting with ethanol, and the values of the Hausner index and the compression modulus were 1.17 and 17.64%, respectively.

Keywords: Colloidal powder, mucilage, flow indicators, antioxidant capacity, phenols


How to Cite

Masri, A., Mohammad, R., & Rayya, L. (2023). Effect of Extraction Temperature and the Type of Solvent on the Phenolic Content, Anti-Oxidant Capacity, and Flow Indicators for the Mucilage Extracted from the Root of Althaea sp. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 6(1), 49–55. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/3361

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Sutovska M, Nosalova G, Sutovsky J, Franova S, Prisenznakova L, Capek P.Possible Mechanisms Of Dose-Dependent Cough Suppressive Effect Of Althaea Officinalis Rhamnogalacturonan In Guinea Pigs Test System. International Journal Of Biological Macromolecules. 2009;45(11): 27-32.

Elmastas M, Ozturk L, Gokce I, Erenler R, Aboul-Enein HY. Detremination of antioxidant activity of marshmallow flower (Althaea officinalis). Anal. Lett. 2004;37(2): 18591869.

Masaki H, Sakaki S, Atsumi T, Sakurai H. Activeoxygen scavenging activity of plant extracts. Biol. Pharm. Bull.1995;18(10): 162-166.

Ozturk L, Gokce I, Erenler R, Aboul-Enein HY. Detremination of Antioxidant Activity Of Marshmallow Flower (Althaea officinalis), Anal. Lett. 2004;37(8):1859-1869.

Husain A, Wadud, G. Sofi, S. Perveen, K.A. Hafeez. Phys‑Icochemical standardization of mucilage obtained from althaea officinalis linn‑root. Pharmacogn. Mag. 2019;15(22):155 .

Zhao J, Li, X, Wu H, Dai X, Gao M, Liu P. Tu. Structures and immunological activities of two pectic polysaccharides from the fruits of ziziphus jujuba mill. Cv. Jinsixiaozao Hort. Food Res. Int. 2006;39(3):917–923 Z.

Kaur R. Kaur, S. Punia. Characterization of mucilages extracted from different flaxseed (Linum usitatissiumum L.) cultivars: A Heteropolysaccharide with desirable functional and rheological properties. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 2018; 117(7):919–927.

Zhao, H. Dai, X. Wu, H. Chang, X. Gao, M. Liu, P. Tu. Char‑ acterization of a pectic polysaccharide from the fruit of ziziphus jujuba. Chem. Nat. Compd. 2007; 43(11):374–376.

Kourue JI. Interaction of reactive oxygen species with ion transport mechanism. Amj Physiol Cell.1998;275(1):1-24.

Ashwini P, Krishnamoorthy M. Antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract of cassia tora. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda & Pharmacy. 2011;2(5):250-252.

Oboh G, Ademiluyi AO, Akindahunsi AA. The effect of roasting on the nutritional and antioxidant properties of yellow and white maize varieties. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2010; 45(8):1236–1242.

Adetuyi FO, Dada IBO. Nutritional, Phytoconstituent and antioxidant potential of mucilage extract of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus), Water Leaf (Talinum triangulare) and jews mallow (Corchorus olitorius) International Food. Research Journal. 2014;21(6):2345-2353. Journal Homepage: Http://Www.Ifrj.Upm.Edu.My

Souza G Dos, Santos S, Bergamasco R. Antioxidant Activity, Extraction Anapplication Of Psyllium Mucilage In Chocolate Drink. Nutrition & Food Science © Emerald Publishing Limited. 2020; 0034(1)-6659.

Available:https://www.emerald.com/insight/0034-6659.

Kirtir, Nayyar P, Pramod KS. Extraction and characterization of flaxseed mucilage as pharmaceutical adjivant world. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2016; 517(3):1002-1011.

Alaa BS, Elnazeer IH. Extraction and evaluation of lin seed mucilage as binding agent in predrusolone tablet 20 Mg. Pharmaceutical and Biosciences Journal. 2019;7(1),9-14.

Netta NR, Vaishalik. Evaluation and optimization of Lepidium sativum seed mucilage as binder in tablet formulation. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014;6(10):10-20.

Adebowale KO, Afolabi TA, Olu-Owolabi BI. Functional physicochemical and retrogradation properties of sword Be-An (Canavalia gladiata) acetylated and oxidized starch. Carbohydrate Polym. 2006;65(7):93-102.

Zaku SG, Aguzue OC, Thom-As SA, Barminas JT. Studies on the functional properties and the nutritive values of Amura plant starch (Tacca involucrata) A Wild Tropical Plant. African Journal of Food Science. 2009;3(10):320-322.

Thanatcha R, Pranee A. Extraction and characterization of mucilage in Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Inter. Food Res. J. 2011;18(2):201-212.

Kang HJ, Chawla SP, Jo C, Kwon JH. Studies on the development of functional powder from citrus peel. Bioresource Technology. 2006;97(3):614–620.

Pierpoint WS. The Extraction Of Enzymes From Plant Tissues Rich In Phenolic Compounds. Methods in Molecular Biology. 2004;244(5):65-74.

Emeje M, Isimi C, Byrn S, Fortunak J, Kunle O, Ofoefule S. Extraction and physicochemical characterization of a new polysaccharide obtained from the fresh fruits of Abelmoschus esculentus. Iranian J. Pharm. Res.2011;10(2):237- 246.

Singh AK, Selvam RP, Sivakumar T. Isolation, Characterization And Formulation Properties Of A New Plant Gum Obtained From Mangifera Indica. Int J Pharm Biomed Res. 2010;1(2):35-41.

Amiri S, Saray FR, Bari LR, Pirsa. Optimization of extraction and characterization of physicochemical, structural, thermal, and antioxidant properties of mucilage from hollyhock’s root: A functional heteropolysaccharide. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization. 2021;15(8):2889–2903.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11694-021-00870-5

Benbassat N, Yoncheva K, Hadjimitova V, Hristova N, Konstantinova S, Lambov N. Influence of the extraction solvent on antioxidant activity of Althaea officinalis L. root extracts. Central European Journal of Biology. 2014,9(2),182-188.

Munir A, Youssef F, Ishtiaq S, Kamran SH, Srwi A, Ahmed, SA, Ashour ML, Elhady SS. Malva parviflora leaves mucilage: An eco-friendly and sustainable biopolymer with antioxidant properties Polymers. 2021; 13(2):4251.

Available:https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13234251