Identification of Auriculastra radiolata (Morelet, 1860) and Ecological Parameters in Rumaila River Estuary, Jableh – Lattakia – Syria

Full Article - PDF

Published: 2023-03-04

Page: 130-140

Thanaa Hamko *

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Sciences, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria.

Mohamed Yacine Kassab

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Sciences, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria.

Ikbal Fadel

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Sciences, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Through this study, the species Auriculastra radiolata was identified for the first time in the Syrian Arab Republic. This species belongs to the phylum Mollusca, class Gastropoda and underclass Pulmonata. Its morphological characteristics and the relationship between longitudinal growth and transverse growth and some environmental characteristics were studied. Water and mollusk samples were collected monthly for one year, starting from 27/9/2021 to 15/8/2022. This species achieved a high stability (83.33%), and relative frequency of 3.02% in the waters of Rumaila River estuary. We also studied the abiotic (physical and chemical) and biotic properties of water in this estuary and identified 18 species of molluscs; 17 species belong to the class Gastropoda (8of the subclass Prosobranchia and 9 of the subclass Pulmonata), and one species belongs to the class Bivalvia.

Keywords: Molluscs, rumaila river, gastropoda, pulmonata

How to Cite

Hamko, T., Kassab, M. Y., & Fadel, I. (2023). Identification of Auriculastra radiolata (Morelet, 1860) and Ecological Parameters in Rumaila River Estuary, Jableh – Lattakia – Syria. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 6(1), 130–140. Retrieved from


Download data is not yet available.


Brown KS. Conservation of neotropical environments:insects as indicators. The conservation of Insects and their Habitats. 1991;349:404.

‏‏‏Germain L. Mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles fauna de France. 1931;22(13):979-897.

Grasse P. Traite de zoologie. Massan et cieed. Paris. 1968;5:925.

Yacine-Kassab M. Contribution à l'étude anatomique, biologique et écologique du gastéropode prosobranche Potamopyrgus jenkinsi (Smith). Grenoble. 1975;144.

Macan TT. A key to the British fresh-and brackish-water gastropods: with notes on their ecology. Freshwater Biological Association. 1960;13.‏

Fretter V, Graham A. British prosobranch molluscs. Their functional anatomy and ecology. British prosobranch molluscs. Their Functional Anatomy and Ecology; 1962.

Young MR. The life cycle of six species of freshwater mollusks in the Worcester-Birmingham canal. London. 1975;41:533-546.

Adam W. Mollusques terrestres et dulcioles. Fauna de Belgigue. 1960; 402.

Alzona C. Malacofuna Italia. Milano. 1971;435.

Pennak RW. Freshwater invertebrates of the United States. John Weilg and sons. Moscow. 1978;803.

Kevin SC, Daniel LG. Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates (Third Edition) Chapter 11-Mollusca:Bivalvia. 2010;309-384.

Reed MP. Freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Margaritiferidae and Uniondae) of the Buffalo River Drainage, Tennessee. 2014.

Jadine WI. Life of freshwater in USSR. Moscow; 1940.

Jadine WI. Mollusca of freshwater in USSR. Scientific Academy of USSR. Moscow.1952;376.

Dasternac RC. Life of animals. Moscow. 1988;446.

Vinarski MV, Andreyev NI, Andreyeva SI, Karimov AV, Lazutkina EA. Latitudinal changes in the diversity of freshwater gastropods (Mollusca:Gastropoda) in waterbodies of Western Siberia. Inland Water Biology. 2012;5:83-90.

‏17. Hubenov Z, Trichkova T, Kenderov L, Kozuharov D. Distribution of Corbicula fluminea (Mollusca:Corbiculidae) over an eleven-year period of its invasion in Bulgaria. Acta zoologica bulgarica. 2013;65(3):315-326.

Yildirim MZ, Abkym BM, Kepap M, Koca SB. The Basommatophora pulmonate Species. (Mollusca:Gastropoda) of Turkey. 2006;445- 458.

Mustafa R. Study of the antibacterial activity of Corbicula fluminea extract against some types of human pathogenic bacteria. Tishreen University. Syria. 2022;55.

Graczyk T, Conn D, Marcogliese D, Graczyk H, de Lafontaine Y. Accumulation of human waterborne parasites by zebra mussels (Dreissenapolymorpha) and Asian freshwater clams (Corbicula fluminea). Parasitologyresearch. 2003;89(2):107-112.‏

Marazanof F. Contribution al,etudeécologiques des Mollusques des eaux douces et saunmatres de Camargae, I. Milieux-especes. 1969;5:201-323.

Marazanof F. Contribution al,etudeécologiques des Mollusques des eaux douces et saunmatres de Camargae, II. Anisus rotundatus (Poiret, 1801). 1970;6:191.

Yacine-Kassab M. E Etude écologique des Mollusques Gastéropodes d'eau douce de quelques milieux aquatiques peu profonds de la vallée du Rhône en amont de Lyon. Thèse Doctd,etatees,science. Govenoble. 1979;247.

Schroder F. Die Mollusken der pflanzengesellschaften in den gewassern des bremer raumes. Gastropoden des Hydrocharito- Stratetum. 1978;19(20):131-133.

Games HT, Alan P. Ecology and classification of north American freshwater invertebrates A Coelemi Press Inc.; 1991.

Ellen ES, Olivier G, Winston FP, Philippe B. Global diversity of gastropods (Gastropoda;Mollusca) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia. 2008;595:149-166.

Smith GD, Pennak s. freshwater invertebrates of the United States:Porifera to crustacean. 2001;327-400.

Beran L. Spreading expansion of Corbicula fluminea (Mollusca:Bivalvia) in the Czech Republic. Heldia. 2006;6(5/6):187-192.

Vinarski MV, Andreev NI, Karimov AV. Latitudinal variation in size of freshwater pulmonate mollusks (Mollusca:Gastropoda:Pulmonata) in Western Siberia. Russian Journal of Ecology. 2007;38(5):341.

Paunovic M, Csányi B, Knežević S, Simić V, Nenadić D, Jakovčev-Todorović D, Cakić P. Distribution of Asian clams Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774) and C. fluminalis (Müller, 1774) in Serbia. Aquatic Invasions. 2007;2(2):99-106.

Henri GK. Voyage zoologique d’Henri Gadeau de Kerville en Syrie. Baillier et fils. Paris. France.1926.

Audonin JV. Descreption de Egypt on recneil des observations et de recherches quitout été laits en Egypt pendant I expedicion de L armee. Fraincaise. Paris. 1827;117- 212.

Gruvel A. Les etats de Syria. Richesses marine et fluviales. Exploitation auuelle- avenir. Bibiotheque des Colonies Françaises. 1931;3:451.

Pallary P. Alafouna malacologique de la Syria. Egypt.1939;39:1-127.

Schutt H. The molluscs of the osis Palmyra (proceeding of the symposium on the fauna and zoogeography of the middle East, Mains; 1978.

Kinzelbach R. Zoology in the middle east. 1986;1:129.

Kinzelbach R. Fauna (history of some freshwater invertebrate of the northern levant (Mollusca, crustacea), (proceeding of smpsium on the fauna and zoogeography of the Middle East. Mains. 1987;61.

Yacine-Kassab M, Gosselek F, Spitter R. Some Gastropods and Bivalves of the Syrian Mediterranean coast. 1986;96-100.

Ghadban I. Soft structure of Barada River. Damascus University. Syria. 1989;90.

Qasim E. A contribution to the study of freshwater molluscs complexes and their geographical distribution at the eastern slope of Mount Hermon. Damascus University Journal of Basic Sciences. 2001;17(2):151.

Nashed F. Taxonomic and ecological study of gastropod molluscs in some aquatic media in Aleppo region. Syria. 1992;188.

Nashed F. Taxonomic and ecological study of freshwater molluscs in some habitats in northern Syria using modern technologies. University of Aleppo. Syria. 1999;328.

Fadel I. Ecological study of gastropod molluscs in the waters of Al-Sin Lake. Tishreen University. Syria. 1996;157.

Fadel I. Ecological and taxonomic study of freshwater molluscs in some aquatic media in the Syrian coastal region (data on some components of the associated fauna). Tishreen University, Syria. 2003;323.

Fadel I. Geographical distribution of freshwater molluscs in the Syrian coastal region. Tishreen University Journal for Scientific Studies and Research. Biological Sciences Series.2017;39(6).

Fadel I. An ecological study of the gastropod Valvata saulcyi in one of the stations of the lower course of the Pine River - Lattakia Governorate. Tishreen University Journal for Studies and Scientific Research. Biological Sciences Series. 2014;36(6).

Rajab E. A contribution to the taxonomic and ecological study of the molluscs of the lower course of the Great Northern River and some of its tributaries. 2016;132.

Rajab E. Taxonomic and ecological study of insects Insecta, families Simuliidae&Chironomidae, and Mollusca molluscs in some freshwater media north of Lattakia city. 2021;151.

Hassan D. Ecological study of freshwater molluscs in Al-Madiq basin (Lattakia governorate). Syria. 2022;128.

Rodier J. L'analyse chimique et physico-chimique de l'eau. Paris. 1960;358.

Mounier P. Parvianalyses chimiques et Toxicologique des eaux Potables. Paris. 1963;296.

Brown DS. Ecology of Gastropoda in a South African mangrove swamp. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 1971;39(4):263-279.‏

Gerlach J. Terrestrial and freshwater Mollusca of the Seychelles Islands. Leiden: Backhuys. 2006;141.‏

Morton JE, Graham A. The evolution of the Ellobiidae with a discussion on the origin of the Pulmonata. In Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 1955;125(1):127-168.