A Preliminary Investigation on the Physico-chemical Features of Certain Pond Ecosystems in Kannur District, Kerala

PDF

Published: 2023-06-19

Page: 293-303


Divya S. Rajan *

P. G and Research Department of Zoology, Sree Narayana College, Affiliated to Kannur University, India.

P. R. Sruthimol

P. G and Research Department of Zoology, Sree Narayana College, Affiliated to Kannur University, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Fresh water resources like ponds consisting of a wide variety of aquatic plants and animals interacting with each other and with the surrounding aquatic conditions is threatened due to some natural causes and anthropogenic influences. The present work was designed to observe the seasonal variations of physico-chemical parameters of three different ponds in Kannur district.  In the proposed work, water samples were collected from three different ponds of Naduvil region in different seasons. Mamballam, Chemberi, Pulikurumba are the three places situated in Naduvil region, Kannur district (latitude:12.1431°or12°8´35”N Longitude:75.5121°or75°30´44” East). Temperature, pH, transparency, ammonia, hardness, primary productivity, carbon dioxide chemical oxygen demand, biological oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen was analyzed during the study. Maximum hardness was found in Chemberi during pre-monsoon season and minimum hardness was observed in Mamballam of post-monsoon season. In the study, all sites in exhibited a higher ammonia content that ranged from 8.5 to 34mg/l. The study showed that the Chemical Oxygen Demand value exceeds the desirable limit. This study shows that several water quality parameters showed high variations from their normal level. This is due to the improper conservation of pond ecosystems. So proper conservation will help in maintaining a sustainable ecosystem.

Keywords: Pond ecosystem, conservation, dissolved oxygen, BOD, hardness


How to Cite

Rajan , D. S., & Sruthimol , P. R. (2023). A Preliminary Investigation on the Physico-chemical Features of Certain Pond Ecosystems in Kannur District, Kerala. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 6(1), 293–303. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/3524

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Thirupathaiah M, Samatha C H, Chintha S. Analysis of water quality using physico chemical parameters in lower manair reservoir of Karimnagar district, Andhrapradesh. International Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2012;3(1): 172-180.

Manjare SA, Vhanalakar SA, Muley DV. Water quality assessment of Vadgaon tank of Kolhapur (Maharashtra), with special reference to zooplankton. International Journal of Advanced Biotechnology and Research. 2010;1:91 95.

Karanth KR. Groundwater assessment development and management. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi. 1987;725-726.

APHA. Standard method for the examination of water and waste water. American Public Health Association. 21st ed. Washington DC. 2005;948.

Kiran BR. Physico-chemical characteristics of fish ponds of Bhadra project at Karnataka, RASĀYAN Journal of Chemistry. 2010;3(4):671-676.

Egemen O. Water quality. Ege University Fisheries Faculty Publication No. 14, Izmir, Turkey. 2011;1-150.

United States Environmental Protection Agency. 1980;816-F-09-004.

Jitendra K, Siddharth S, Amit P. Water quality of Turamdih and Jaduguda uraniummines and adjacent areas, East Singhbhum, Jharkhand. J. Ecophysiol. Occup. Health. 2008;8:7-14.

Anonymous. Turkish water pollution control regulation. Ministry of Environment and Forest, The Republic of Turkey Official Journal No: 26786. 2008:18-76.

Karim AA, Panda RB. Assessment of water quality of Subarnarekha River in BalasoreRegion, Odisha, India. Curr. World Environ. 2014;9:437-446.

Ryding SO, Rast W. The Control of Eutrophication of Lakes and Reservoirs. Parthenon Publishing Group, Lancaster, New Jersey. 1989;314.

Altindag A, Yigit S. The Zooplankton fauna and seasonal distribution Beysehir Lake. Gazi Univ. J. Gazi Educ. Fac. 2004;24:217-225.

Bhatnagar A. Productivity and fish biodiversity of selected ponds of Haryana, Project Report submitted to Department of fisheries Government of Haryana; 2008.

Bhatnagar A, Singh G. Culture fisheries in village ponds: a multi-location study in Haryana, India. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America. 2010;1(5):961-968.

Ekubo AA, Abowei JFN. Review of some water quality management principles in culture fisheries, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology. 2011;3(2):1342-1357. 35.

Fisk W. How IEQ affects health, productivity. ASHRAE Journal. 2002;44(5):56-60.

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU). .tnau.ac.in/fishery/fish_water.html. 2008. Accessed 19 Aug. Water quality Managements 2017. Accessed at http://www.agritech