Assessment of Market and Marketing System of Raw Camel Milk in Gursum District, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia


Published: 2023-09-07

Page: 484-491

Abdilahi Gas Omer

Department of Animal and Range Science, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138, Haramaya, Ethiopia and Somali Regional Pastoral and Agro-Pastoral Research Institute, Livestock and Forage Research Directorate, P.O. Box 398, Jigjiga, Ethiopia.

Mahamed Dol Ateye *

Department of Human Nutrition, Jigjiga University, P.O. Box 1020, Jigjiga, Ethiopia and Somali Region Pastoral & Agro-Pastoral Research Institute, Food Science and Nutrition Research Directorate, P.O. Box 398, Jigjiga, Ethiopia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the milk market and the marketing chain in the Gursum district, Somali regional state. The research applied both quantitative and qualitative methods to clarify concepts, characteristics, descriptions, and counts. Data presented in the study are obtained from primary and secondary sources. The sample was taken from 3 purposely selected Kebeles. The participants in this study had a total sample size of 90 respondents, of which 45 were chosen from producers in rural areas and the other 45 from milk collecting centers. Using questionnaires, focus group discussions and key informant interviews from each kebele were conducted. The overall mean price of raw camel milk in one liter was (13.05±2) birr/liter in the wet season and (20.15±3.76) birr/liter in the dry season. According to the findings on milking transportation, 79 (87.75%) of the respondents transported plastic containers, 3 (3.3%) steel cans, 4 (4.4%) aluminum cans, and 4 (4.5%) traditional containers. About 48 (53.4%) of the milk processing equipment types used plastic containers, 35 (38.9%) used steel cans, and 7 (7.5%) used aluminum cans. The majority of respondents, or study participants, mentioned several milk constraints, with about 67 (74.45%) citing a lack of markets, 5 (5.55%) citing a low price for their goods, 6 (6.65%) citing a lack of suitable storage facilities, and 12 (13.35%) citing a lack of transportation.

According to the study's findings, the majority of participants said they traveled by donkey 75.6% of the time and carried their own bags 24.4% of the time. Milk collection centers, on the other hand, used vehicles to get to the town, and the cost of transportation was about 5 EB per 5 liters of milk for household producers and milk collection centers in the study area.

Keywords: Milk production, milk marketing, raw milk camel milk, Somali Regional State

How to Cite

Omer, A. G., & Ateye, M. D. (2023). Assessment of Market and Marketing System of Raw Camel Milk in Gursum District, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 6(1), 484–491. Retrieved from


Download data is not yet available.


Schwartz H, Walsh M. The productive potential of the camel. The one-humped camel (C. dromedarius) in Eastern Africa: A pictorial guide to diseases, health care, and management; 1992.

Addo K, Mensah G, Aning K et al. Microbiological quality and antibiotic residues in informally marketed raw cow milk within the coastal savannah zone of Ghana. Tropical Medicine & International Health. 2011;16:227-232.

Swai E, Schoonman L. Microbial quality and associated health risks of raw milk marketed in the Tanga region of Tanzania. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 2011;1:217-222.

Debrah S. Dairy marketing in Ethiopia: Markets of first sale and producers' marketing patterns. ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD); 1991.

Wondatir Z. Livestock production systems in relation with feed availability in the highlands and central rift valley of Ethiopia; 2010.

Benta DB, Habtamu TM. Study on prevalence of mastitis and its associated risk factors in lactating dairy cows in batu and its environs, Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria. 2011;7:632-637.

Bekele T, Molla B. Mastitis in lactating camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Afar Region, north-eastern Ethiopia. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift. 2001;114:169-172.

Nigussie H, Seifu E. Effect of the lactoperoxidase system and container smoking on the microbial quality of cows’ milk produced in Kombolcha woreda, eastern Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2007;19:157.

Faye B, Madani H, El-Rouili SA. Camel milk value chain in Northern Saudi Arabia. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture. 2014;359-365.

Ishag I, Ahmed M. Characterization of production system of Sudanese camel breeds. Livestock Research for Rural Development 2011; 23: 56.

Asresie A, Yusuf M. Traditional consumption, therapeutic value and its derived dairy products of dromedary camel (Camelus dromedaries) milk in Somali regional State, Eastern Ethiopia: A review. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research. 2014;3:240-246.

Fernández-Pérez R, Torres C, Sanz S, Ruiz-Larrea F. Strain typing of acetic acid bacteria responsible for vinegar production by the submerged elaboration method. Food Microbiology 2010;27:973-978.

Kaitibie S, Omore A, Rich K, Kristjanson P. Kenyan dairy policy change: Influence pathways and economic impacts. World Development. 2010;38:1494-1505.

Kamau P, Lamuka P, Wangoh J. Effect of lactoperoxidase-thiocyanate-hydrogen peroxide system and storage temperature on keeping quality of raw camel milk. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. 2010;10.

Nardos E. Determinants, challenges and prospects of dairy production and marketing. In. Mekelle University; 2010.