Dietary and Gender Variations in Palatal Rugae Morphology: A Comparative Study

PDF Review History

Published: 2024-04-20

Page: 151-158


Poorvi Ujjainia

Department of Forensic Science, Chandigarh University, Ludhiana Punjab, India.

Debhjit Mukherjee *

Department of Forensic Science, Chandigarh University, Ludhiana Punjab, India.

Bhavika Moza

Department of Forensic Science, Chandigarh University, Ludhiana Punjab, India.

Priyanka Dhondiyal

Department of Forensic Science, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Punjab, India.

Anshika Srivastava

Department of Forensic Science, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, Uttarpradesh, India.

Al Fayiz Anwar

Department of Forensic Science, Mohan Babu University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Annesha Saha

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Pragati Jain

Department of Forensic Science, Chandigarh University, Ludhiana Punjab, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Palatal rugae, the complex and asymmetric ridges formed by connected tissues located behind the incisive papilla on the front section of the maxillary palate, have been subjects of numerous studies exploring their morphology and its variations with factors such as gender, age, and orthodontic treatments. According to the studies, the stability of palatal rugae remains a debated and investigated topic. This pilot study aims to investigate palatal rugae morphology in relation to dietary habits and gender in India. A comprehensive analysis was conducted using data from diverse regions of India, examining the intricate relationship between dietary habits, gender, and palatal rugae morphology. The study employed the elements of purposive sampling, to ensure representation from various geographic locations and populations encompassing 200 diagnostic study models evenly distributed between 100 male and 100 female samples. Utilizing established classification methods, the study rigorously assessed rugae morphology, considering factors such as length, shape, and direction. Statistical analysis was performed using unpaired t-tests in Microsoft Excel to examine the correlation between palatal rugae shapes, gender, and dietary habits. The findings revealed that neither gender nor dietary habits significantly influenced the total number or primary count of palatal rugae. Although slight variations were observed in rugae counts between dietary groups, the overall patterns remained consistent, challenging prior assumptions, and emphasizing the complexity of rugae development. While offering valuable insights, the study acknowledges limitations such as sample size and cross-sectional design, emphasizing the necessity for further research. Future studies, incorporating longitudinal studies and advanced imaging techniques, are recommended to gain a deeper understanding of the complex mechanisms underlying dietary influences on palatal rugae morphology.

Keywords: Palatal rugae morphology, dietary habits, gender, classification methods, future studies etc


How to Cite

Ujjainia , P., Mukherjee, D., Moza, B., Dhondiyal , P., Srivastava , A., Anwar, A. F., Saha , A., & Jain, P. (2024). Dietary and Gender Variations in Palatal Rugae Morphology: A Comparative Study. Asian Journal of Advances in Research, 7(1), 151–158. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/4038

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Mustafa AG, Allouh MZ, Alshehab RM. Morphological changes in palatal rugae patterns following orthodontic treatment. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine. 2015;31:19–22. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2015.01.002

Ujjainia P, Mahna D. Rugoscopy: An innovative approach to forensic identification. European Chemical Bulletin. 2023;12:469–475. Available:https://doi.org/10.31838/ecb/2023.12.si5.056

Abdellatif AM, Awad SM, Hammad SM. Comparative study of palatal rugae shape in two samples of Egyptian and Saudi children. Pediatric Dental Journal. 2011;21(2):123–128. Avaialble:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0917-2394(11)70238-5

Park S, Eguti T, Kato K, Nitta N, Kitano I. The pattern of palatal rugae in submucous cleft palates and isolated cleft palates. British Journal of Plastic Surgery. 1994; 47(6):395–399. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/0007-1226(94)90066-3

Silva-Sousa AC, Marañón-Vásquez GA, Stuani MBS, Proff P, Andrades KMR, Baratto-Filho F, Matsumoto MAN, Paddenberg E, Küchler EC,Kirschneck C. Genetic variants in bone morphogenetic proteins signaling pathway might be involved in palatal rugae phenotype in humans. Scientific Reports. 2021;11(1): 12715 Available:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-92169-0

Chong JA, Mohamed AMFS, Pau A. Morphological patterns of the palatal rugae: A review. Journal of Oral Biosciences, 2020;62(3):249–259. Availablehttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.job.2020.06.003

Jaisingh R, Deshmukh S, Srilatha KT. Palatal rugae patterns as an adjunct to gender determination in forensic identification procedures in a paediatric population. Journal of Forensic Science and Criminology. 2016;4(3):1–6.

Rajan VP, John JB, Stalin A, Priya G, Abuthagir AKS. Morphology of palatal rugae patterns among 5-15 years old children. Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences. 20135(Suppl 1), S43. DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.113295

Barbo B, Azeredo F, de Menezes LM. Assessment of size, shape, and position of palatal rugae: A preliminary study. Oral Health and Dental Studies. 2018;1(1):3. Available:https://doi.org/10.31532/OralHealthDentStud.1.1.003

Babaji P, Jalal SA, Kamalaksharappa SK. Evaluation of palatal rugae pattern in identification and sex determination in Indian children. Pesquisa Brasileira Em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada, 2018; 18(1):3944. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2018.181.39

Tey SN, Lin YM, Mohamed AMFS. Stability of palatal rugae after orthodontic/orthopaedic expansion: A scoping review. Australasian Orthodontic Journal. 2023;39(1):158–170. Available:https://doi.org/10.2478/aoj-2023-0018

Sherif AF, Hashim AA, Al Hanafy MA, Soliman EM. A pilot-cross sectional study of palatal rugae shape and direction among Egyptians and Malaysians. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2018;8:1–9. Available:https://doi.org/10.1186/s41935-018-0050-1

Mjad A, Hussain S, Rehman A, Hassan SH. Role of palatal rugae pattern in forensic identification of individuals. Pakistan Orthodontic Journal, 2016;8(2):104–108.

Ali B, Shaikh A, Fida M. Stability of palatal rugae as a forensic marker in orthodontically treated cases. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2016;61(5):1351–1355. Available:https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13129

Moran A, Tippett H, Manoharan A, Cobourne MT. Alteration of palatine ruga pattern in subjects with oligodontia: A pilot study. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 2016;150(2), 295–302. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2015.12.030

Subramanian P, Jagannathan N. Palatal rugoscopy as a method of sex determination in forensic science. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. 2015;8(2):136–138.

Indira AP, Gupta M, David MP. Usefullness of palatal rugae patterns in establishing identity: Preliminary results from Bengaluru city, India. Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences. 2012;4(1), 2. Available:https://doi.org/10.4103/0975-1475.99149

Trizzino A, Messina P, Sciarra FM, Zerbo S, Argo A, Scardina GA. Palatal Rugae as a Discriminating Factor in Determining Sex: A New Method Applicable in Forensic Odontology? Dentistry Journal. 2023;11 (9):204. Available:https://doi.org/10.3390/dj11090204

Gadicherla P, Saini D, Bhaskar M. Palatal rugae pattern: An aid for sex identification. Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences. 2017;9(1):48. Available:https://doi.org/10.4103/jfo.jfds_108_15

Pappu BT, Gopinathan TA, Naduvakattu B. Assessment of different palatal rugae patterns in gender identification. International Journal of Oral Care and Research. 2018;6(3):17–20. DOI: 10.4103/INJO.INJO_11_18

Gezer R, Deniz M, Uslu AI. Morphological characteristics and individual differences of palatal rugae. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. 2019;30(6):1906–1910. DOI: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000005599

Armstrong J, Seehra J, Andiappan M, Jones AG, Papageorgiou SN, Cobourne MT. Palatal rugae morphology is associated with variation in tooth number. Scientific Reports. 2020;10(1): 19074. Available:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-76240-w

Saadeh M, Ghafari JG, Haddad RV, Ayoub F. Palatal rugae morphology in an adult mediterranean population. The Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology. 2017;35(1): 21. Available:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29381482

Ahmed AA, Hamid A. Morphological study of palatal rugae in a Sudanese population. International Journal of Dentistry; 2015. Available:https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/650648

Jibi PM, Gautam KK, Basappa N, Raju OS. Morphological pattern of palatal rugae in children of Davangere. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2011;56(5), 1192–1197.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01831.x

Bansode S, Kulkarni M. Importance of palatal rugae in individual identification. Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences. 2009;1(2):77–81. Available:https://doi.org/10.4103/0974-2948.60378

Dagalp R, Aydintuğ YS, Iper D. Palatal Rugae as an Evidence for Forensic Age Assessment. Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology. 2022; 22(2):8-12. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.5958/0974-083X.2022.00035.8

Saraf A, Bedia S, Indurkar A, Degwekar S, Bhowate R. Rugae patterns as an adjunct to sex differentiation in forensic identification. The Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology. 2011 29(1):14.