Original Research Article

PREVALENCE OF VITAMIN A DEFICIENCY, SCLERAL MELANOCYTOSIS, TOOTH DECAY AND SKIN INFECTION AMONG RURAL PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN MULSHI TEHSIL, M/S, INDIA

SHARAD VITTHAL GIRAMKAR

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Page 1-5

In present study, a village survey was carried out in rural areas of Mulshi Tehsil with the aim of assessing health related problems among the rural preschool children. Clinical examinations were carried out on 527 preschool children for various health issues. Their data was collected and analyzed to find the prevalence of Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD) and other common health issues like tooth decay, skin diseases, etc. These health issues might be due to illiteracy about hygiene, sanitation, exposure to humid atmosphere due to heavy rainfall in the study area, consumption of unfiltered borewell water for drinking, etc. The high humidity and improper sanitation leads to growth of harmful bacteria, viruses, fungi and/or other microbes. The present survey revealed 12.3% prevalence of VAD which includes 2% Night blindness, 2.5% xerophthalmia, 4% Bitot spots and 3.8% conjunctival xerosis among these preschool children. The other health issues observed among were 4.5% scleral melanocytosis, 2.7% tooth decay and 5.3% skin diseases.

Original Research Article

DIVERSITY OF BUTTERFLIES (LEPIDOPTERA) IN MAHATMA PHULE A. S. C. COLLEGE CAMPUS AND ADJACENT AREAS OF PANVEL, RAIGAD, MAHARASHTRA

LEENA N. MESHRAM, SANTOSH P. SUPNEKAR, RAHUL B. PATIL, PRABHAKAR R. PAWAR

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Page 6-15

Panvel region of Raigad district harbors a great range of vegetation, estuary and mountainous hills and thus offers habitation for living organisms including butterflies. Several anthropogenic activities including the ongoing construction of Navi Mumbai International Airport (NMIA) has destroyed habitat in and around Panvel region. Loss of habitat results in the decline of biodiversity of both vertebrates and invertebrates. There is not even a preliminary list of Lepidopteran species of this region. Therefore, the present study was conducted to prepare a checklist of butterflies in the region. Butterflies were observed for one year (from June 2019 to May 2020) in different localities of Mahatma Phule College of Arts, Science and Commerce (MPASC) campus and the adjacent areas in Panvel. A total of 42 species of Lepidopteran belonging to 32 genera and 6 families were recorded. Among the 6 families, Nymphalidae dominated the list with 14 genera and 21 species, Pieridae with 7 genera and 9 species, Lycaenidae with 7 genera and 7 species, Papilionidae with 2 genera and 3 species, Hesperiidae and Riodinidae with 1 genus and 1 species each. This study would provide information on the biodiversity of butterflies of the region that can be used as a baseline preliminary data for further butterfly studies.

Original Research Article

ASSESSING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION; THE CASE OF ARBAMINCH COLLEGE OF TEACHERS EDUCATION

FASIL GIRMA

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Page 22-34

The purpose of this research was assessing the implementation of inclusive education in Arbaminch college of teachers education with emphasis to the analysis of practice of inclusive education , challenges in implementing inclusive education and strong sides in the implementation of inclusive education, to this end, a descriptive survey design method was employed. Both primary and secondary sources of data were used. The primary source were principals, instructors and students of Arbaminch college of teachers education where as the secondary sources were different reports from unit and departments. A total of 66 respondents were participated in this study. Data collection tools were questionnaires, interview and focus group discussion. Based on the data analysis the following major findings were obtained. That study revealed that majority instructors did not get training on how to implement inclusive education and the college learning environment is not comfortable especially for students with disability and also there are beginning practice such as establishment of resource center, material support and construction of roads. To implement inclusive education in better way it is important to adapt the learning and material environment, facilitating training programs in teaching strategies and implementation of inclusive education should facilitated by the college community.

Original Research Article

EFFECT OF HABITAT QUALITY, MICROCLIMATIC CONDITIONS AND WASTE WATER CONTAMINATION ON DIVERSITY & DISTRIBUTION OF COLLEMBOLA COMMUNITY

MOHAMMAD JALALUDDIN ABBAS, HINA PARWEZ

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Page 35-43

Soil biodiversity is undergoing dramatic changes due to human and climatic interference, habitat loss and fragmentation due to land use changes, increasing pollution and degradation in terrestrial ecosystems. The overall effect of habitat loss is on the loss of soil micro arthropods diversity which is observed due to negative response of substrate quality. Adverse microclimatic conditions may also be detrimental to species specific communities along with waste water contamination. Thus, an investigation has been carried out to ascertain the effect of habitat quality, microclimatic conditions and waste water contamination on diversity and distribution of Collembola community. For this, 4 samples have been taken monthly for a period of one year from two different study sites of Aligarh along with edapho-chemical properties. We observed the density of Collembola (18.8 ind./sample) was always approximately three times more in agriculture site than in wasteland (7.6 ind./sample) site. Population of Collembola was statistically positive significant with reference to soil organic matter % (r = 0.621, P>0.05), Soil Organic Carbon % (r = 0.622, P>0.05), available nitrogen (r = 0.622, P>0.05) and Potash (r = 0.562, P>0.05) in Agriculture site whereas these all were statistically insignificant in Wasteland site.

Commentaries / Opinion Articles

INDIVIDUAL SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (ISR) INDICATOR IN EDUCATION

SANDIP RATNA

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Page 16-21

Education is one of the most important tools in the hand of humans to educate its population and to use its intellect for humanity. Education as a tool used by authorities is to educate the population for the purpose of establishing peace and harmony in society and thereby bring development, and activate human resource for the same. In any educational system, educational authorities determine the purpose   and objectives of education.  Educational objectives are dynamic in nature, and are determined as per the demand of society. If we look at the 21st century needs, life skill is   one of the important aspects in bringing   all-round development of a child.    

This paper therefore, focuses on the effect of social media platform on individuals and how life skills in education can be implemented to enhance self-responsibility and accountability in society. A systematic practice and monitoring model termed as Individual Social Responsibility (ISR) is articulated, which may be incorporated with basic education at an early stage of a child, and maintained the same throughout the life of an individual.

Social unrest emerges, due to certain influences in social media platform is an evolving issue around the glove and possible preventive measures through the right education are focused upon.

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