Original Research Article

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT DRYING METHODS ON THE DRYING KINETICS AND PROXIMATE COMPOSITION OF GARDEN EGG

A. S. OLAJIRE, G. O. OGUNLAKIN, T. P. OLAPADE, T. B. ONIFADE

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Page 31-41

Garden egg (Solanum aethiopicum L.) is a perishable crop as a result of high moisture content which necessitates its conversion to a shelf-stable product using appropriate preservation techniques such as drying. Therefore, this study evaluated the effect of drying methods on the drying kinetics of dried garden egg slices. The garden eggs were washed, sorted, and cut transversely into slices (3.0, 6.0 and 9.0 mm) and dried using the sun, solar and cabinet (60 ºC) drying. Drying kinetic, effective moisture diffusivity and the activation energy were determined. Proximate composition (moisture content, crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat and ash) was determined for both dried and fresh samples. Drying took place entirely in the falling rate period. Effective moisture diffusivity (Deff) increased with an increase in slice thickness. Effective moisture diffusivity varied from 3.641 10-10 to 1.062 10-9 for sun drying, 2.46710-10 to 1.08310-9 for solar drying and 2.48710-10 to 1.21310-9 for cabinet drying. The activation energy for cabinet drying was 14.93, 17.01 and 19.55 kJmol-1 for slice thicknesses of 3.0, 6.0 and 9.0 mm, respectively. The moisture content ranged from 4.02 to 8.02% for all analyzed samples, crude protein (17.5 - 20.13%), crude fibre (12.01 - 20.02%), crude fat (2.00 - 2.03%) and ash content (4.01 - 6.03%). The moisture content and ash content of sun-dried samples were higher compared to solar and cabinet-dried samples. The crude protein content, crude fiber content and crude fat content of solar-dried samples were higher compared to sun and cabinet dried samples. In conclusion, this study has shown that garden eggs subjected to solar drying and cabinet drying (at 60℃) gave a better result in terms of moisture content, crude protein, crude fibre, crude fat and ash content. Samples with lower slice thickness and higher temperature dry faster. Deff increases with an increase in slice thicknesses.

Original Research Article

BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AND PERFORMANCE OF THE STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA LIMITED

YONNEY ATSU AHLIJAH

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Page 49-63

As the need to quantify the contribution of business intelligence deployment on the optimization of firms in general (and banks in particular) continues to take critical dimension among business and policy makers, this parametric quantitative research investigates the association between business intelligence and performance using 2010 – 2019 (10 years) audited data of the Standard Banks of South Africa Limited. The theoretical underpin of the work is the famous Technology-Organisation-Environment (TOE) theory. The net book values of computer hardware and software measured the technological dimension of the TOE framework). The size (total assets) of Standard Bank of South Africa measured the organisational dimension of the TOE framework. Finally, employees (total personnel cost) measured the environmental dimension of the TOE framework. Profitability and Shareholder value measured the performance of the bank within the period under study. Descriptive and inferential quantitative research analyses were carried out with the aid of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS); and the Pearson correlation analysis established that; (i) software investment, bank size, and employee cost have significant positive association with profitability and shareholder value; (ii) hardware investment has significant negative association with profitability and shareholder value; and (iii) Employee quality (staff cost) has the highest significant positive effect on both profitability and shareholder value. The relevance of the TOE theory is established in this study; and the need for banks to optimize their TOE investment mix in order to maximize their profitability and shareholder value was stressed. The study recommends that further comparative studies within and across industries and countries to be carried out for better generalization of the findings of this work or vice versa.

Review Article

A REVIEW ON PATIENTS WITH AORTIC REGURGITATION: PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, INVESTIGATIONS AND TREATMENT

OMAR ELSAKA, MONEER AYMAN NOURELDEAN, MOHAMED ADEL GAMIL, MOSTAFA TAREK GHAZALI, ASHRAF HAMADA ABD AL-RAZIK, DALIA HISHAM

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Page 1-14

Background: Aortic regurgitation occurs when the aortic valve fails to close properly during diastole, allowing blood to flow backward through the valve. This condition can develop as a result of aortic root dilatation or as a result of a native valvular illness. This activity examines the diagnosis and treatment of aortic regurgitation, emphasizing the importance of the interprofessional team inpatient care.

Conclusion: The goal of this review article is to describe the pathophysiology of aortic regurgitation, outline the physical exam findings of aortic regurgitation, explain the treatment options for aortic regurgitation, and review the importance of collaboration and communication among interprofessional team members to improve outcomes for patients with aortic regurgitation.

Review Article

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, INVESTIGATIONS, AND TREATMENT IN PATIENTS WITH CARDIOGENIC SHOCK: A REVIEW

OMAR ELSAKA, MONEER AYMAN NOURELDEAN, Mohamed Adel GAMIL, MOSTAFA TAREK GHAZALI, ASHRAF HAMADA ABD AL-RAZIK, DALIA HISHAM

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Page 15-30

Background: Cardiogenic shock is a type of heart failure characterized by decreased cardiac output, which causes end-organ hypoperfusion and tissue hypoxia. This exercise discusses the diagnosis and treatment of cardiogenic shock, as well as the role of the interprofessional team in enhancing patient care.

Conclusion: The purpose of this review article is to describe the etiology of cardiogenic shock, describe the history and physical examination of patients with cardiogenic shock, review the management of patients with cardiogenic shock, and explain the importance of collaboration and communication among the interprofessional team in improving the delivery of care for patients with cardiogenic shock.

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