DIVERSITY OF MOTH (LEPIDOPTERA: HETEROCERA) IN DIFFERENT FOREST AREAS OF NORTH-WEST HIMALAYA

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Published: 2021-12-27

Page: 925-935


SANJAY D. PAUNIKAR *

Zoological Survey of India, Northern Regional Centre, 218, Kaulagarh Road, Dehradun-248195, Uttarakhand, India.

GAURAV SHARMA

Zoological Survey of India, Northern Regional Centre, 218, Kaulagarh Road, Dehradun-248195, Uttarakhand, India.

V. M. SATHISKUMAR

Zoological Survey of India, Northern Regional Centre, 218, Kaulagarh Road, Dehradun-248195, Uttarakhand, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A study on moth diversity was carried out in the different forest areas of North-West Himalaya. Moths were collected from different forest areas such as deodar, chir pine, mixed, sal and teak of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand by using light traps. A total of 61 moth species belonging to 53 genera, 21 sub-families and 11 families were recorded from different forest types of North-West Himalaya. The recorded moth families Erebidae (23 genera, 28 species in 6 subfamilies) and Geometridae (10 genera, 10 species in 3 subfamilies) were very frequent with a less frequent documentation from Crambidae (7 genera, 7 species in 2 subfamilies), Noctuidae (6 genera, 6 species in 4 subfamilies), Eupterotidae (1 genera, 3 species in 1 subfamily), Notodontidae (1 genera, 2 species in 1 subfamily), Drepanidae (1 genera, 1 species in 1 subfamily), Euteliidae (1 genera, 1 species in 1 subfamily), Hyblaeidae (1 genera, 1 species), Limacodidae (1 genera, 1 species in 1 subfamily) and Nolidae (1 genera, 1 species in 1 subfamily).

The most diverse family of moth species recorded in the study belonging to this family, Erebidae, 45.90% followed by Geometridae 16.39%, Crambidae 11.47%, Noctuidae 9.83%, Eupterotidae 4.91%, Notodontidae 3.27% and other families constituting 1.63%. The moth population were found highest in mixed forest as compared to species-specific forest tree species. The moth diversity was highest in the month of July-September and declined from October onwards. Along with this study, future studies on similar lines will help documenting the moth diversity of different forest types of India.

Keywords: Lepidoptera, heterocera, moths fauna, forest areas, North-West Himalaya


How to Cite

PAUNIKAR, S. D., SHARMA, G., & SATHISKUMAR, V. M. (2021). DIVERSITY OF MOTH (LEPIDOPTERA: HETEROCERA) IN DIFFERENT FOREST AREAS OF NORTH-WEST HIMALAYA. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 42(24), 925–935. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2805

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