Published: 2022-02-27

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2022/v43i32924

Page: 71-85


Department of Zoology, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India.


Department of Zoology, B. Borooah College, Guwahati-781007, Assam, India.


Department of Zoology, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delarbre, an annual herb of the family polygonaceae, locally known as Patharua bihalagani in Assam (India), is reported as a traditional drug for birth control used by women in some parts of Assam. The current study presents the taxonomical description, geographical distribution, traditional uses, phytochemical composition, pharmacological and toxicological activities of P. hydropiper. The whole plant or part(s) like leaves, stems root etc have been traditionally used as herbal medicine for treatment of various ailments. Several bioactive components such as flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, essential oils, glycosides, phytosterols and sesquiterpenes among others were reported. The extracts and phytoconstituents of P. hydropiper possess antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic, estrogenic, antifertility, neuroprotective activities, etc. Mutagenic activity and acute toxicity of P. hydropiper were also reported.

Keywords: P. hydropiper, polygonaceae, traditional uses, phytochemical constituents, pharmacological aspects

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