CONTROLLED RELEASE OF UREA USING MESOPOROUS SILICA

PDF

Published: 2021-12-31

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2021/v42i243269

Page: 1376-1385


ATUL KUMAR *

Department of Chemistry, Akal University, Talwandi Sabo, Bathinda, Punjab-151302, India.

MANDEEP KAUR

Department of Chemistry, Akal University, Talwandi Sabo, Bathinda, Punjab-151302, India.

VAJINDER KUMAR

Department of Chemistry, Akal University, Talwandi Sabo, Bathinda, Punjab-151302, India.

ANUPAMA DIWAN

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Apeejay Stya University, Sohna, Gurugram, Haryana, India.

NARENDER YADAV

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Apeejay Stya University, Sohna, Gurugram, Haryana, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Mesoporous silica has many applications due to its porous and morphological characteristics. This study used mesoporous silica as a carrier of fertilizer for controlled release. Mesoporous silica was synthesized by using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a template. Urea was taken as a model fertilizer to study the control release behaviour of mesoporous silica. For loading of urea on silica simple immersion technique was used. The high concentration of urea was taken for loading. In vitro release studies of urea loaded on porous silica in water indicate a fast release of urea within 12 hours, attributed to urea adsorbed on the external surface of porous silica. Then slow and sustained release for the next 4 days, ascribed to urea entrapped in the pores of silica. The release profile of urea loaded in silica synthesized without CTAB was also observed. The release profile of urea loaded on silica gel shows the full urea release within two days. The release profile of Neem-coated urea, commercially used in India as fertilizer, was also studied, in which maximum urea was released within one day. The great potential of developing a fertilizer carrier system based on mesoporous silica was revealed. The nanostructured delivery system for fertilizer could minimize losses of nutrients and consequently reduce the amount applied.

Keywords: Controlled release urea, hydrothermal method, mesoporous silica, nanostructured delivery system


How to Cite

KUMAR, A., KAUR, M., KUMAR, V., DIWAN, A., & YADAV, N. (2021). CONTROLLED RELEASE OF UREA USING MESOPOROUS SILICA. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 42(24), 1376–1385. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2021/v42i243269

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Huo Q, Margolese DI, Stucky GD. Surfactant control of phases in the synthesis of mesoporous silica-based materials. Chemistry of Materials. 1996;1147–1160.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/cm960137h

Silviana S, Janitra AA, Sa’adah AN, Dalanta F. Synthesis of aminopropyl-functionalized mesoporous silica derived from geothermal silica for an effective slow-release urea carrier. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 2022 Jun 13;61(26):9283-99.

Zhang G, Yang M, Cai D, Zheng K, Zhang X, Wu L, Wu Z. Composite of functional mesoporous silica and DNA: an enzyme-responsive controlled release drug carrier system. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 2014 Jun 11;6(11):8042-7.

Vazquez NI, Gonzalez Z, Ferrari B, Castro Y. Synthesis of mesoporous silica nanoparticles by sol–gel as nanocontainer for future drug delivery applications. Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio. 2017;139–145.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bsecv.2017.03.002

Vartuli JC, Kresge CT, Leonowicz ME, Chu AS, McCullen SB, Johnson ID, Sheppard EW. Synthesis of mesoporous materials: Liquid-crystal templating versus intercalation of layered silicates. Chemistry of Materials. 1994;2070–2077.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/cm00047a029

Meléndez-Ortiz HI, Mercado-Silva A, García-Cerda LA, Castruita G, Perera-Mercado YA. Hydrothermal synthesis of mesoporous silica MCM-41 using commercial sodium silicate. Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society; 2017.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.29356/jmcs.v57i2.215

Giraldo LF, López BL, Pérez L, Urrego S, Sierra L, Mesa M. Mesoporous silica applications. Macromolecular Symposia. 2007;129–141.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/masy.200751215

Aguado J, Arsuaga JM, Arencibia A, Lindo M, Gascón V. Aqueous heavy metals removal by adsorption on amine-functionalized mesoporous silica. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2009;213–221.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.06.080.

Da’na E. Adsorption of heavy metals on functionalized-mesoporous silica: A review. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. 2017;145–157.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2017.03.050

Ibrahim AA, Jibril BY. Controlled release of paraffin wax/rosin-coated fertilizers. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 2005; 2288–2291.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/ie048853d

Harper LA, Catchpoole VR, Davis R, Weir KL. Ammonia volatilization: Soil plant and microclimate effects on diurnal and seasonal fluctuations1. Agronomy Journal. 1983;212.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1983.00021962007500020014x

Hepburn C, Arizal R. Slow-release fertilisers based on natural rubber. British Polymer Journal. 1988;487–491.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/pi.4980200605.

Shavit U, Shaviv A, Shalit G, Zaslavsky D. Release characteristics of a new controlled release fertilizer. Journal of Controlled Release. 1997;131–138.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-3659(96)01478-2

Shaviv A. Advances in controlled-release fertilizers. Advances in Agronomy. 2001;1–49.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/s0065-2113(01)71011-5

Trenkel ME. Controlled-release and stabilized fertilizers in agriculture: improving fertilizer use efficiency; 1997.

Christianson CB. Factors affecting N release of urea from reactive layer coated urea. Fertilizer Research. 1988;273–284.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01051376

Dahiyat BI, Richards M, Leong KW. Controlled Release from Poly(phosphoester) Matrices. Journal of Controlled Release. 1995;13–21.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-3659(94)00039-w

Wanyika H, Gatebe E, Kioni P, Tang Z, Gao Y. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles carrier for urea: potential applications in agrochemical delivery systems. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 2012;2221–2228.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.5801

Butler AR,Walsh D. Colorimetric non-enzymic methods for the determination of urea. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry. 1982;120–124.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-9936(82)80011-3

Oliveira HM, Segundo MA, Fonseca AJM, Cabrita ARJ. Combining ultrasound-assisted extraction and a microliter colorimetric assay for the streamlined determination of urea in animal feedstuff. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2013;130924153917004.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/jf403037y

Lambert DF, Sherwood JE, Francis PS. The determination of urea in soil extracts and related samples—a review. Soil Research. 2004;709.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1071/sr04028

Basova EM, Bulanova MA, Ivanov VM. Photometric detection of urea in natural waters. Moscow University Chemistry Bulletin. 2011; 345–350.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.3103/s0027131411060022

Kushto GP, Jagodzinski PW. Formation of a ground state twisted-internal-charge-transfer conformer of 4-(dimethylamino)benzaldehyde. Journal of Molecular Structure. 2000; 215–223. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-2860(99)00190-8.

Available:https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ec8a/b13ac57b49f1a12a19ec4c634d29c3ec28a5.pdf

Yatzidis H, Garidi M, Vassilikos C, Mayopoulou D, Akilas A. An improved method for the simple and accurate colorimetric determination of urea with ehrlich’s reagent. Journal of Clinical Pathology. 1964;163–164.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1136/jcp.17.2.163.