Prevalence of Haematopinus quadripertusus and Haematopinus tuberculatus in Cattle and Buffalo of West Bengal, India


Published: 2023-04-22

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i63453

Page: 38-44

M. Rafiqul Amin

Department of Animal Science, Kazi Nazrul University, Asansol-713340, West Bengal, India.

Ranjita Chatterjee

Department of Animal Science, Kazi Nazrul University, Asansol-713340, West Bengal, India.

Sourabh Sulabh *

Department of Animal Science, Kazi Nazrul University, Asansol-713340, West Bengal, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Haematopinus is one of the most belligerent lice that are commonly found in wild and domesticated poly-gastric and mono-gastric animals. The prevalence of Haematopinus in a specific geographical area is also a matter of great concern, as it may act as vectors for transmitting fatal pathogens of different death-dealing diseases like anaplasmosis, brucellosis, bartonellosis, and theileriosis. A survey was conducted to identify the presence of specific ectoparasites in cattle and buffaloes from different villages of Jalpaiguri, Birbhum, and Nadia districts of West Bengal, India. Cases of severe itching, irritation, and restlessness were observed in sixteen cattle and two buffaloes during the survey. On closer examination, the cattle and buffaloes were found to be infested with lice. The lice from cattle and buffaloes were collected in 70% ethanol and the samples were examined for morpho-taxonomic keys using a stereo-microscopic observation procedure. Based on the findings the lice were identified as Haematopinus quadripertusus in cattle and Haematopinus tuberculatus in buffaloes.

Keywords: Buffalo, cattle, identification, infestation, lice

How to Cite

Amin, M. R., Chatterjee, R., & Sulabh, S. (2023). Prevalence of Haematopinus quadripertusus and Haematopinus tuberculatus in Cattle and Buffalo of West Bengal, India. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(6), 38–44.


Download data is not yet available.


Milk Production across countries; 2019. Available: (Source: Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DAHD&F), Government of India (GoI).

Livestock Population in India; 2019. Available: (Source: National Dairy Development Board)

Gibney VJ, Campbell JB, Boxler DJ, Clanton DC, Deutscher GH. Effects of various infestation levels of cattle lice (Mallophaga: Trichodectidae and Anoplura: Haematopinidae) on feed efficiency and weight gains of beef heifers. J Econ Entomol. 1985;78:1304-1307.

Nafstad O, Gronstol H. Eradication of lice in cattle. Acta Vet Scand. 2001;42:81-89.

Wall R, Shearer D. Veterinary Entomology. Chapman and Hall, Madras, India. 1st Edn. 1997;284-312.

Holdsworth PA, Vercruysse J, Peter RJRS, Letonja T, Green P. World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (W.A.A.V.P.) guidelines for evaluating the efficacy of ectoparasiticides against biting lice, sucking lice and sheep keds on ruminants. Vet Parasitol. 2006;136:45–54.

Lasisi OT, Eyarefe OD, Adejinmi JO. Anaemia and Mortality in Calves Caused by the Short-Nosed Sucking Louse (Haematopinus eurysternus) (Nitzsch) in Ibadan. Nigerian Vet J. 2010;31(4): 295-299.

Kettle DS. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. CAB International; 1995.

Song S, Barker SC, Shao R. Variation in mitochondrial minichromosome composition between blood-sucking lice of the genus Haematopinus that infest horses and pigs. Parasit Vectors. 2014;7:144.

Gutiérrez R, Cohen L, Morick D, Mumcuoglu KY, Harrus S, Gottlieb Y. Identification of different Bartonella species in the cattle tail louse (Haematopinus quadripertusus) and in cattle blood. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2014;80(17):5477-5483.

Lakew BT, Kheravii SK, Wu S, Eastwood S, Andrew NR, Nicholas AH, Walkden-Brown SW. Detection and distribution of haematophagous flies and lice on cattle farms and potential role in the transmission of Theileria orientalis. Vet Parasitol. 2021;298:1-8.

Neglia G, Veneziano V, Carlo ED, Galiero G, Borriello G, Francillo M, Campanile G, Zicarelli L, Manna L. Detection of Brucella abortus DNA and RNA in different stages of development of the sucking louse Haematopinus tuberculatus. BMC Vet Res. 2013;9:1-9.

Sorrell MS, Fish RE, Taylo KH. Pediculosis in two research ponies (Equus caballus). J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2010;49(4): 487-490.

Chaudhuri RP, Kumar P. The life history and habits of the buffalo louse Haematopinus tuberculatus (Burmeister) Lucas. Indian J Vet Soc. 1961;31:275-287.

Ferris GF. The sucking lice. Mem Pacific coast Entomol Soc. 1951;1:1-320.

Nataraj N, Muthuraman K, Ayyanar E, Ashokkumar M, Kumar A, Srinivasan L, Devaraju P. Ectoparasite diversity in pets and livestock from Puducherry, India. Int J Acarol. 2021;47(7):628-632.

Shakya M, Kaveri KG, Jamra S, Singh M, Fular A, Agrawal V, Jatav GP, Jayraw AK, Kumar S. Detection of deltamethrin, cypermethrin and flumethrin efficacy against buffalo lice—Haematopinus tuberculatus. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2022;54:1-7.

Hilali M, Mahdy OA, Attia MM. Monthly variations of Rhinoestrus spp. (Diptera: Oestridae) larvae infesting donkeys in Egypt: Morphological and molecular identification of third stage larvae. J Adv Res. 2015;6:1015-1021.

Meleney WP, Kim KC. A comparative study of cattle infesting Haematopinus with redescription of Haematopinus quadripertusus Fahrenholz, 1916 (Anoplura: Haematopinidae). J Parasitol. 1974;60(3):507-522.

Mamun MAA, Begum N, Shahadat HM, Mondal MMH. Ectoparasites of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in Kurigram district of Bangladesh. J Bangladesh Agric Univ. 2010;8(1):61–66.

Scofield A, Campos KF, Melo da Silva AM, Oliveira CHS, Barbosa JD, Góes-Cavalcante G. Infestation by Haematopinus quadripertusus on cattle in São Domingos do Capim, state of Pará, Brazil. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2012;21(3): 315-318.

Egri B, Stipkovits L, Piszmán R. Haematopinus Infestations and Mycoplasma Infections of Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Herds in National Parks of Hungary. J Buffalo Sci. 2016;5:53-59.

Al-Mayah SH, Hatem AN. Species diversity, prevalences and some ecological aspects of Ectoparasites of buffalo Bubalus bubalis in Basrah Province, Iraq. J Entomol Zool Stud. 2018;6(2):390-394.

Awaludin A, Nugraheni YR, Kurniasih, Subagja H. Morphologic character of Haematopinus Sp. nymph and mature stadium of fries holland cow from jember with SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope). In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of Computer, Environment, Agriculture, Social Science, Health Science, Engineering and Technology. 2018;569-575.

Mannan I, Akter T, Ahmad S. Arthropod ectoparasites of cattle and goats from three upazilas of Comilla district, Bangladesh. Jahangirnagar Univ J Biol Sci. 2019;8(2):35-45.

Omar SFA, Saba SER. Evaluation of Deltamethrin 7.5% pour on for the control of some ectoparasites of cattle and buffaloes. Egyptian J Agric Res. 2014;92 (4):1593-1604.

Shyma KP, Singh V, Gupta JP. Assessment of In vitro efficacy of deltamethrin, flumethrin and fipronil on buffalo lice (Anoplura: Haematopinidae). Haryana Vet. 2019;58(1):48-50.

Kim KC, Brown Jr BW, Cook EF. A quantitative taxonomic study of Hoplopleura hesperomydis complex, with a posterior taxonomic characters. Syst Zool. 1966;15(1):24-45.