Drug-induced Hepatotoxicity Cases in Some Tertiary Care Hospitals of Andhra Pradesh, India: A Retrospective Study

K. Srikala

Nirmala College of Pharmacy, Atmakuru, Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh-522503, India.

C. H. K. V. L. S. N. Anjana Male *

Nirmala College of Pharmacy, Atmakuru, Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh-522503, India.

Arya Lakshmi Marisetti

Govt. of NCT of Delhi, Delhi Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research University, Pushp Vihar, New Delhi-110017, India.

P. Dharani Prasad

Department of Pharmacology, Sree Vidyaniketan College of Pharmacy, Tirupati, India.

Balla Devi

Nirmala College of Pharmacy, Atmakuru, Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh-522503, India.

Tiruveedula Sagarika

Nirmala College of Pharmacy, Atmakuru, Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh-522503, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Pharmaceutical preparations are currently significant contributors to liver illness, in which hepatotoxicity being the most common cause of Acute liver failure .The liver is a vital organ, its strategic location and multidimensional functions support almost every other organ in the body. It is the main organ for metabolism, elimination of metabolic products and hepatotoxicity is a potential adverse effect for most of the drugs particularly Anti-tubercular drugs, general anaesthetics, paracetamol and some Anti-cancer drugs. Liver sometimes can be damaged by some chemicals called hhepatotoxins such as galactosamine and chloroform. Moreover steroids, vaccines and anti-viral drugs which are used as treatment option for liver diseases, may produce adverse effects especially after chronic administration. The main objective of our study is to assess the frequency of drugs causing the severity of Hepatotoxicity in patients in a tertiary care hospitals. A prospective observational study was carried out in 3 different tertiary care hospitals at Andhra Pradesh, India. It was found that males are more prone to hepatotoxicity compared to females, as well as the age group 25-64 years (67%) are more hepatotoxic compared to above 65years (15%) age group. So there is a need of awareness in patients and physicians to consider the drug induced hepatotoxicity while giving the treatment, in which most of the cases it was being left unconsidered and finally leading to hepatotoxicity starting with mild and moderate stages.

Keywords: Hepatotoxicity, anti-tubercular drugs, anesthetics, paracetamol, anti-cancer drugs, hepatotoxins


How to Cite

Srikala , K., Male , C. H. K. V. L. S. N. A., Marisetti, A. L., Prasad, P. D., Devi , B., & Sagarika , T. (2023). Drug-induced Hepatotoxicity Cases in Some Tertiary Care Hospitals of Andhra Pradesh, India: A Retrospective Study. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(7), 9–15. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i73463

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