Probiotics for Sustainable Development in Aquaculture: A Review


Published: 2023-06-23

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i123534

Page: 34-46

Priyam Sarmah *

Department of Zoology, Gauhati University, Guwahati-14, Assam, India.

Sagarika Sarma

Department of Microbiology, Gauhati University, Guwahati-14, Assam, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The ability of probiotics to enhance fish health, development, and production in freshwater fish farms in a sustainable and environmentally friendly way is examined in this research. Antibiotics and other chemicals have traditionally been used in aquaculture as a means of disease control and fish health maintenance. Antibiotic overuse, however, has the potential to harm both the environment and human health. Antibiotics that support fish health and growth can be replaced by probiotics, which are chemical-free and sustainable. Probiotics can improve fish immune function, lessen the frequency of disease outbreaks, improve feed conversion efficiency, and lessen the environmental effect of fish farming, according to studies. Probiotics can also enhance water quality by lowering levels of dangerous bacteria and diseases, which could result in a more environmentally responsible and long-lasting aquaculture system. The findings imply that by improving digestion, feed conversion, and general fish health, probiotics have a significant potential to support the sustainability and health of freshwater fish farms. To fully explore the potential of probiotics in the fishing sector, more research is required in this area.

Keywords: Fish health, antibiotics aquaculture, sustainable, disease management, feed conversion efficiency

How to Cite

Sarmah , P., & Sarma , S. (2023). Probiotics for Sustainable Development in Aquaculture: A Review. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(12), 34–46.


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