Utilization and Applications of Chitosan Extracted from Solenocera crassicornis Exoskeleton

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Published: 2023-10-28

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i223719

Page: 88-93


M. Asha Berlin

Department of Zoology and Research Centre, Scott Christian College (Autonomous), Affiliated to Manonmanium Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India.

R. Leena *

Department of Zoology and Research Centre, Scott Christian College (Autonomous), Affiliated to Manonmanium Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

In marine arthropods, the largest group Crustaceans contains 30,000 species. The shells of marine crustaceans such as shrimp, crab, and lobster, contribute to pollution in coastal areas as biowaste. The crustacean shell wastes consist of approximately 8-10 % chitin, 30-65 % protein, and 10-20 % calcium. Chitosan, a natural biodegradable polymer derived from chitin, finds applications in various fields.  In the present paper, the chitosan was extracted from Solenocera crassicornis shrimp shells through a three-step process, which includes demineralization, deproteinization, and deacetylation. The physicochemical properties of chitosan including ash, moisture content, degree of deacetylation, water and fat binding capacity, and solubility were analyzed. This study explored the diverse applications of chitosan, including its antimicrobial, shelf-life enhancement, anticoagulant, and wastewater treatment properties. This study concluded that chitosan can be suitable for application in various fields including medicine, cosmetology, biotechnology, the edible film industry, and water purification.

Keywords: Anticoagulant, antimicrobial, chitosan, Solenocera crassicornis, water purification


How to Cite

Berlin , M. A., & Leena, R. (2023). Utilization and Applications of Chitosan Extracted from Solenocera crassicornis Exoskeleton. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(22), 88–93. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i223719

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