Avian Faunal Diversity of Taradevi Area of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India


Published: 2023-11-07

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i223744

Page: 276-286

Harinder Singh Banyal *

Department of Biosciences, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla (H.P.)-171005, India.

Shivali Sharma

Department of Biosciences, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla (H.P.)-171005, India.

Navneet Kaur

Department of Biosciences, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla (H.P.)-171005, India.

Jyoti Thakur

Department of Biosciences, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla (H.P.)-171005, India.

Rajender Pal

Department of Biosciences, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla (H.P.)-171005, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The present study deals with the exploration of avifauna in the Tara Devi region of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. The observation revealed the presence of 43 species of birds belonging to 6 orders and 29 families. Family Corvidae exhibited the highest number of recorded species, and the most dominating order was Passeriformes. According to IUCN, Alexandrine Parakeet (Psittacula eupatria) was in Near-threatened (NT) category whereas Milvus migrans and Psittacula eupatria fall under Schedule-Ⅰ of IWPA status and rest of the bird species fall under Schedule-Ⅳ. This region boasts high productivity and provides good habitat to many avian species, anthropogenic activities such as construction of roads and adjacent developments occasionally pose challenges. It is imperative to halt such disruptions by rigorously implementing environmental regulations and policies.

Keywords: Avian fauna, Tara Devi, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

How to Cite

Banyal , H. S., Sharma, S., Kaur, N., Thakur , J., & Pal, R. (2023). Avian Faunal Diversity of Taradevi Area of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(22), 276–286. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i223744


Download data is not yet available.


Bruford MW. Biodiversity-evolution, species, genes. In: Conserving Birds Biodiversity-General Principals and their Application (eds.: Norris, K. and Pain, D.J.). Cambridge University Press, U.K. 2002;1-19.

Norse EA, McManus RE. Ecology and living resources biological diversity. In: Environmental Quality. Annual report of the council on environmental quality, Washington DC. 1980;31-80.

Ali S. The Book of Indian Birds (13th ed.). Bombay Natural History Society and Oxford University Press, Mumbai. 2002;326.

Mathialagan M, Meena R, Sarathkumar V, Alfred DJ, Dinesh GK, Kumaravel S, Maheshwaran K, Mangayarkarsi S. Ecological role and ecosystem services of birds: A review. Int. J. Environ. Clim. Change. 2023;13-6.

Bargali H, Mathela M, Sharma R, et al. Plant studies in Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalaya: A systematic review. Journal of Mountain Science. 2021;18(7).

Kumari P, Samant SS, Puri S. Diversity, distribution, indigenous uses and conservation of medicinal plants in central Himachal Pradesh, North Western Himalaya. J. Med. Plants Stud. 2018; 6(5):45-68.

Theobald W. Notes on a trip from Shimla to the Spiti valley and Chomoriri (Tshomoriri) Lake during the months of July, August and September, 1861. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal. 1862;31:48-57.

Ali S. Indian Hill Birds. Oxford University Press, Bombay; 1949.

Ali S, Ripley SD. A pictorial guide to the birds of the Indian subcontinent. New Delhi: Bombay Natural History Society/Oxford University Press; 1983.

Mahabal A. Avifauna of Chamba district (Himachal Pradesh) with emphasis on their altitudinal distribution. Pavo. 1992;30(1–2):17–25.

Gaston AJ, Garson PJ, Pandey S, S. Birds recorded in the Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh, India. Forktail. 1993;9:45–57.

Mahabal A. Birds of Talra Wildlife Sanctuary in lower western Himalaya, H.P. with notes on their status and altitudinal movement. Zoos’ Print Journal. 2000; 15(10):334-338.

Besten JW, den. Birds of Kangra. Moonpeak Publisher, Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh; 2004.

Thakur ML, Mattu VK, Lal H, Sharma VN, Raj H, Thakur V. Avifauna of Arki Hills, Solan (Himachal Pradesh) Indian BIRDS, India. 2010a;5(6):162–166.

Thakur ML, Mattu VK, Mattu N, Sharma VN, Bhardwaj R, Thakur V. Bird Diversity in Sarkaghat Valley, Mandi (Himachal Pradesh), India. Asian J. Exp. Biol. Sci. 2010b;1(4):940-950.

Singh AP. Birds of the upper catchment of Ravi River, Chamba district, Himachal Pradesh, India. Indian BIRDS. 2011; 7(4):97–103.

Singh D. Avifaunal Diversity of Hamirpur District, Himachal Pradesh, India. International Journal of Advanced Research. 2015a;3(12):265-276.

Singh D. Avifaunal Diversity of Mandi District, Himachal Pradesh, India. International Journal of Current Research in Life Sciences. 2015b;4(11):452-458.

Shah TA, Ahuja V, Anandam M, Srinivasulu C. Avifauna of Chamba District, Himachal Pradesh, India with emphasis on Kalatop-Khajjiar wildlife-sanctuary and its surrounding. Journal of threatened taxa. 2016;8(1):8333-8357.

Sharief A, Paliwal S, Sidhu AK, Kubendran T. Studies on bird diversity of pong dam wildlife sanctuary, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2018;6(4):904-912

Saklani A, Shree T, Nathani S. Birds of Dhauladhar range of western Himalayas in northern India: A checklist. International Journal of Zoology Studies. 2018;3(2):41-45.

Paliwal S, Sharief A, Sidhu AK, Kubendran T. Species diversity and abundance of avifauna in Bandli wildlife sanctuary, Mandi (Himachal Pradesh). An International Journal of Life Sciences. 2019;8(1):11-18.

Maheshwaran G, Alam I, Dubey V. Aves. In: Fauna of Himachal Pradesh, State Fauna Series. Zool. Surv. India. 2021;26:453-480.

Praveen Kumar. Avifaunal diversity from Shahpur campus of the Central University, Himachal Pradesh India. Indian journal of ecology. 2021;48(1):138-146.

Bibby CJ, Burgess ND, Hill A. Bird census techniques. Academic Press, U.K; 1992.

Sutherland WJ, Newton I, Green RE. Bird ecology and conservation, a handbook of techniques. Oxford University Press, New York; 2005.

Manakadan R, Pittie A. Standardised common and scientific names of the birds of Indian Subcontinent. Buceros. 2004; 6(1):i–ix, 1–38.

Mattu V, Thakur M. Birds of summer hill, Shimla (Himachal Pradesh). Indian Forester. 2006;132(10):1271-1281.

Kulkarni AN, Goswami P. Avian fauna of summer hill, Shimla-Himachal Pradesh. The Bioscan. 2012;7(1):61-64.

Chopra G, Deepak R, Jyoti. Avian diversity and their status in and around Bhindawas bird sanctuary, Haryana (India). Journal of Applied and Natural Science. 2017;9 (3):1475–1481.

Kaur R, Brraich OS. Abundance and diversity of threatened birds in Nangal Wetland, Punjab, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 2021;13(12):19733–19742.