Climate Change Impact on Insect Population in Vegetable Crops: A Review

Vivek Kashyap

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Deoghar (Jharkhand), India.

J.K. Yadav *

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dhaura, Unnao-209881 (U.P.), India.

N.K. Sharma

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kaushambi, (U.P.), India.

S.K. Dubey

ICAR-ATARI Kanpur (U.P.), India.

Rajeev Singh

ICAR-ATARI Kanpur (U.P.), India.

J.P. Kannaujia

Department of Agriculture Meerut Institute of Technology Meerut (U.P.), India.

Shashi Shekhar

J.S. University, Firozabad (UP), India.

Vaishali Singh

Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth Krishi Vigyan Bhairav Talab VARANASI(UP), India.

Deepti Singh

Department of Zoology, K.R. P.G. College, Mathura (UP), India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


One of the world's largest nations, India is known for its distinctive landscape, which distinguishes it as a distinct geographical entity and a global center of mega diversity. Pest populations in vegetable crops may be significantly impacted by climate change.

Additionally, warmer temperatures can lead to faster insect development and increased reproductive rates. Farmers and researchers need to monitor these changes and develop strategies to mitigate the potential negative effects on vegetable crops. In response to climate change, whiteflies may exhibit shifts in their distribution patterns, population sizes, and behavior. They may also evolve certain traits that help them better survive in warmer or more variable climates.

Keywords: Temperature, rainfall, humidity, Thripstabaci, okra, red spider mite, Jassids, Earisvitella, Helicoverpa armigera, chilli, thrips onion, bitter gourd, bottle gourd, cucumber, cabbage, cauliflower

How to Cite

Kashyap, V., Yadav, J., Sharma , N., Dubey , S., Singh , R., Kannaujia , J., Shekhar , S., Singh , V., & Singh , D. (2024). Climate Change Impact on Insect Population in Vegetable Crops: A Review. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 45(9), 20–28.


Download data is not yet available.


Skendzic S, Zovko M, Zivkovic IP et al. The impact of climate change on agricultural insect pests. Insects. 2021;12-440.

Manjunath TM, Bhatnagar VS, Pawar CS, Sithanantham S. Economic importance of Heliothis spp. in India and an assessment of their natural enemies and host plants, pp. 197Ð228. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Biological Control of Heliothis: increasing the effectiveness of natural enemies. New Delhi, India; 1989.

Sharma HC, Dhillon MK, Kibuka J, Mukuru SZ. Plant defense responses to sorghum spotted stem borer, Chilo partellus under irrigated and drought conditions. Int. Sorghum Millets Newsl. 2005;46:49–52.

Srinivasarao, Ch, Sammi Reddy, K. and Venkateswarlu B. Soil quality assessment under restorative soil management practices in soybean (Glycine Max) after 6 years in semi-arid tropical black lands of Central India. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 2016;47:1465-1475.

Oluwatosin Z Aregbesola, James PLeg, Lene Sigsgaard, Ole SLund Carmelo Rapisarda. Potential impact of climate change on whitefies and implications for the spread of vectored viruses. Journal of Pest Science; 2021.

Bonato O, Lurette A, Vidal C, Fargues J. Modelling temperature-dependent bionomics of Bemisiatabaci (Q-biotype). PhysiologyEntomology. 2007;32(1):50-55.

Bellotti A, Campo BVH, Hyman G. Cassava production and pest management: present and potential threats in a changing environment. Trop Plant Biol. 2012;5(1):39-72.

Gilioli G, Pasquali S, Parisi S, Winter S. Modeling the potential distribution of bemisiatabaci in Europe in light of the climate change scenario. Pest Manage Science. 2014;70(10):1611–1623.

Silva GA, Picanço MC, Bacci L et al. Control failure likelihood and spatial dependence of insecticide resistance in the tomatopinworm, Tuta absoluta. Pest Management Science. 2011;67:913–920

Dhillon MK, Naresh JS, Singh R, Sharma NK. Evaluation of bitter gourd (Momordicacharantia L.) genotypes for resistance to melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae. Int. J. Plant Prot.2005;33:55-59.

Bale JS, GJ Masters, LD Hodkinson, C Awmack, TM Bezemer, VK Brown, JButterfield, A Buse, JC Coulson, J Farrar, JEG Good, R Harrington, S Hartley, TH Jones, RL Lindroth, MC Press, I Smyrnioudis, AD Watt, JB Whittaker. Herbivory in global climate change research: Direct effects of rising temperature on insect herbivores. Glob. Change. Biol. 2002;8:1-16.

Roy, D. B., and T. H. Sparks. 2000. Phenology of British butter flies and climate change. Global Change Biology butterflies and climate change. Global Change Biology 6:407-416.

IPCC. Climate change- Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability In: (Eds.: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutik of JP, Van Der Linden PJ, Hanson CE) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 2007;976.

Parry ML, Carter TR. An assessment of the effects of climatic change on agriculture. Climatic Change. 1989;15:95–116.

Pollard E, Yates TJ. Monitoring butterflies for ecology and conservation. London: Chapman and Hall. 1993;292.

Curtis A. Deutsch et al. Impacts of climate warming on terrestrial ectotherms across latitude. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2028;105(18).

Bentz and Mullins. Ecology of Mountain Pine Beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) Cold Hardening in the Intermountain West. Environmental Entomology. 1999;28(4): 577–587.

Parmesan C, Ryrholm N, Stefanescu C, Hill JK, Thomas CD, Descimon H. Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming. Nature. 1999;399:579-583.

Tanyi CB, Ngosong C, Ntonifor NN. Effects of climate variability on insect pests of cabbage: Adapting alternative planting dates and cropping pattern as control measures.Chem. Biol. Technol. Agric. 2018;5:25.

Hill DS. Agricultural Insect Pests of Temperate Regions and Their Control. Cambridge University Press; New York, NY, USA; 1987.

Thomson LJ, Robinson M, Hoffmann AA. Field and laboratory evidence for acclimation without costs in an egg parasitoid. Functional Ecology. 2001;15: 217–221.

Bryant et al. Modification of the triangle method of degree‐day accumulation to allow for behavioural thermoregulation in insects. Journal of Applied Ecology. 2008;35(6):921-927.

Dosdall LM. Evidence for successful overwintering of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera; Plutellidae), in Alberta. 1994;126(1):183-185, Canadian Entomologist.

Dhillon MK, Sharma HC. Effect of storage temperature and duration on viability of eggs of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Bull Entomol Res. 2007;97:55-59.

Sharma HC. Climate change effects on insects implications for crop protection and food security. Journal of Crop Improvement. 2014;28:229-259.

Sharma HC, Sujana G, Manohar Rao D. Morphological and chemical components of resistance to pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera in wild relatives of pigeonpea. Arthropod Plant Interact. 2009;3:151-161.

Sharma HC, Srivastava CP, Durairaj C, Gowda CLL. Pest management in grain legumes and climate change. In Climate Change and Management of Cool Season Grain Legume Crops (eds. Yadav SS, McNeil DL, Redden R, Patil SA,), Business Media, Springer Science, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. 2010;115-140.

Davidson J, Andrewartha HG. Annual trends in a natural population of Thrips imaginis (Thysanoptera).Journal of Animal Ecology. 1948a;17(2):193–199.


Davidson J, Andrewartha HG. The influence of rainfall, evaporation and atmospheric temperature on fluctuations in the size of a natural population of Thrips imaginis (Thysanoptera).Journal of Animal Ecology. 1948b;17(2):200–222.


Tscharntke T, Steffan-Dewenter I, Kruess A, Thies C. Characteristics of insect populations on habitat fragments: A mini review.Ecological Research. 2002;17(2): 229–239.


Parry ML. Climate Change and World Agriculture. London, UK: Earthscan. 1990;157.

Sachs ES, JH Benedict, DM Stelly, JF Taylor, DW Altman, SA Berberich, SK Davis. Expression and segregation of genes encoding Cry1A insecticidal proteins in cotton. Crop Sci. 1998;38:1–11.

Sharma HC. Cotton bollworm/legume pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Hu¨bner) (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera): biology and management. Crop protection compendiu m. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid; 2001

Muñiz M, Nombela G. Differential variation in development of the B- and Q-Biotypes of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on sweet pepper at constant temperatures. Environ. Entomol. 2001;30:720–727.

Nombela G, Beitia F, Muñiz M. A differen-tial interaction study of Bemisia tabaci Q-biotype on com-mercial tomato varieties with or without the Mi resistan-ce gene, and comparative host responses with the B-biotype. Entomol Exp Appl. 2001;98:339-344.

Sparks TH, Huber K, Dennis RLH. Complex phenological responses to climate warming trends? Lessons from history. European Journal of Entomology. 2006;103:379–386.

Yadav et al. Advanced Techniques for Wastewater Treatment: A Review. Journal of Waste Management & Xenobiotics. 2019;2(3):1-11.

Sharma HC. (ed.). Heliothis/Helicoverpa Management: Emerging Trends and Strategies for Future Research. New Delhi, India: Oxford & IBH, and Science Publishers, USA. 2005;469.

Sharma HC. Effect of climate change on IPM in grain legumes. In: 5th International Food Legumes Research Conference (IFLRC V), and the 7th European Conference on Grain Legumes (AEP VII), 26 – 30 th April 2010, Anatalaya, Turkey; 2010.

Sharma HC, Sullivan DJ, Bhatnagar VS. Population dynamics of the Oriental armyworm, Mythimna separata (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in South-Central India. Crop Protection. 2002;21:721- 732.