Studies on Morphological Effect of Some Pesticides on Fresh Water Fish, Labeo rohita in Sai River of Jaunpur District, Uttar Pradesh, India

Manoj Kumar *

Fish Biology Lab, Department of Zoology, Tilak Dhari P.G. College, Jaunpur, 222002(U.P.), India.

Shailendra Kumar Singh

Department of Zoology, Tilak Dhari P.G. College, Jaunpur, 222002(U.P.), India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Pesticides are one of the potentially harmful toxic chemicals introduced into the aquatic environment. Fish serve as important bio-indicators for aquatic life. Widely used pesticides formulation two investigate possible chemical biological and toxicological effects of pesticides that may enter into our eco-system. Effects of pesticides (herbicides insecticides, rodenticides and fungicides) to loss protein content of the liver gill and intestinal tissue of the fresh water fish, Labeorohita.The Recent study is aimed two assess the toxicological impacts of treated and untreated effluents on aquatic fresh water fish, Labeo rohita. The Most common edible fish having diverse characters includes difference in morphology, food and feeding etc. Symptoms were nearly identical on various host spp (Labeo rohita. with respect to behaviour of the infected fish. The toxicity of pesticides to an organism is usualy expressed in terms of the LD50 (lethal dose 50 percent) and LC50 (50 percent lethal concentration) observed the behavioural studies of exposed to Labeorohita. Therefore, the protection and prevention of aquatic ecosystem will be possible only with the appropriate and rationalized application of pesticides.

Keywords: Aquatic, pesticides, Labeo rohita, toxicity, LC50

How to Cite

Kumar, M., & Singh, S. K. (2024). Studies on Morphological Effect of Some Pesticides on Fresh Water Fish, Labeo rohita in Sai River of Jaunpur District, Uttar Pradesh, India. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 45(12), 189–195.


Download data is not yet available.


Worlds Health Organization (WHO) In, permitted the use of DDT reduce the rate of death caused by Malaria; 2006.

WHO. World malaria report 2008 Global malaria program. World health organization; 2008.

Sharma GD. Toxicity of BHC on the gills of H.fossilis. Proceedings of the 78. Session of Indian Science of Congress, Indore; 1991.

Shivaji Rao TS, Mangaish H. TLm values of some modern pesticides to the fresh water fish. Env. Health. 1967;9:103-105.

Reda F, Bakr A, Ahmad M, Kamel Sayad, Sheba A, Doaa R et all. A mathematical model for estimation the LC50 or LD50 among an in seet life cycle Egypt. Acad, J. Bio, Sci. 2010;32:75-81.

Adhikari S, Sarkar B, Chatterjee A, Mahapatra CT, Ayyappan S. Effects of cypermethrin and carbofuran hemato-logical parameters and prediction of their recovery in a freshwater teleost, Labeo rohita (Hamilton) Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 2004;58:220–226.

DDT. Extension toxicology network (EXTOXNET); oregon state university: Cirvallis, Oregon; 1996.

Kaur S, Kaur A. Variability in antioxidant/detoxification enzymes of Labeo rohita exposed to an azo dye, acid black (AB). Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2015, Jan;167:108-16. Doi:

Kumar Manoj, Singh Shailendra Kumar. Toxicity effect of pesticide on fresh water fishes. International Journal of Food and Nutritional Sciences. 2022, Dec;11(11). ISSN: 2320-7876.

LS Balistrieri, CA Mebane. Predicting the toxicity of metal mixtures. Sci. Total Environ 466-467. 2014;788-799.

Singh A. Agrawal RA. Possibility of using latex of euphorbiales for snail control. The science of tot Environ. 1988;77:231-236.

Ullah S, Li Z, Hasan Z, Khan SU, Fahad S. Malathion induced oxidative stress leads to histopathological and biochemical toxicity in the liver of rohu (Labeo rohita, Hamilton) at acute concentration. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2018, Oct;161-270-280.


Singh NN, Das VK, Singh S. Effect of aldrin on carbohydrate protein and ionic metabolism of a freshwater cat fish Heteropneustes fossi. Bull. Environ. Contom. Toxicol. 1996;57(2):204-210.

Warner K, Fenderson OC. Effects of DDT spraying for forest insects on Maine trout streams. J. Wildl. Mgmt. 1962;26:86-93.

APHA. Standard Method for Examination of Water and Wastewater (19th Edition) APHA, AWWA, WPCF, Washington, D.C; 1995.

Finny DJ. Probit analysis, University Press Cambridge. 1971;333.

McCahon C, Pascoe D Use of Gammarus pulex safety evalution tests: Culture and selection of a sensitive life stage. Ecotoxicol. Environ Saf. 1988;15(3):245-252.

Darmono D, Denton GRW. The pathology of cadmium and nickel toxicity in the banana shrimp Penaeus merguiensis De Man. Asian fish sci. 1990;3(3):287-297.

Surendra KY. Pesticide applications - Threat to ecosystems. J. Hum. Ecol. 2010;32(1):37-45.

Durairaj S, VR Selvarajan. Influence of quinophos and organophosphorus pesticides on the biochemical constituents of the tissues of Orechomis mossambicus. J. Env. Biol. 1992;13(3):181-185.

Ambrus ADJ Hamilton, HA Kuiper, KD Racke. Significance of impurities in the safety evaluation of crop production products (IUPAC) Technical Report), Pure Appl. Chem. 2003;75(7):937-973.

Shah BP, Devkota B. Obsolete pesticides: Their environmental and human health hazards. The Journal of Agriculture and Environment. 2009;10:60-66.

Sivakumar B, Kumarasamy P, Muthukumaravel K. Impact of pesticide monocrotophos on the oxygen consumption of the freshwater fish Labeo rohita. International Journal of Current Zoological Research. 2013;1(10):27-30.

Saradhamani NK, Shanthi M Manimegalal, Binu Kumari S. Efficacy of herbicide glyphosate on oxygen consumption of a freshwater fish Catia catla. Indian J. Environ. & Ecoplan. 2009, 21;16(1):239-243.