AN INVENTORY OF HERPETOFAUNAL DIVERSITY IN URBAN ECOSYSTEM, WESTERN INDIA
UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, Volume 40, Issue 4,
An inventory of herpetofaunal diversity of Jamnagar city and vicinity areas, Gujarat, India carried out from August 2015 to December 2017, using visual encounter, auditory strip transect, scanning of leaf-litter, rescue call and road kill survey. Data recorded by random sampling (Total Visits = 153, Sampling unit (N) = 236) from rural to urban gradient level of Jamnagar city; 4 to 8 times survey per month using plots and strip transects during day and night. The presence of 39 herpetofaunal species belong to 13 families reveal 17 species of anurans dominated by family - Dicroglossidae (568) and 22 species of reptiles by Agamidae (131). Skipper Frog (Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis) was most abundant species, single time sighted species was Jerdon’s Bull Frog (Hoplobatrachus crassus) and 01 endangered species Nilgiri Frog (Minervarya nilagirica). From reptiles most abundant species was Common Garden Lizard (Calotes versicolor) and very common species Northern House Gecko (Hemidactylus flaviviridis). Overall species richness and diversity of reptiles were higher than amphibians (Simpson’s diversity 1-D = 0.86/0.66; Simpson reciprocal diversity 1/D = 7.69/3.03; Shannon-Weiner H' = 2.39/1.73; Margalef’s species richness (d) = 3.44/2.47; Pielou’s evenness e = 0.49/0.33); whereas population density (390 individuals per km2/265 individuals per km2) and Dominance (0.34/0.14) were higher in amphibians than reptiles. This is the first records of such studies of these urban ecosystem.
- conservation status
- Jamnagar city
How to Cite
Frost DR. Amphibian species of the world: An online reference. Version 6.0. Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA.
[Accessed 11th October, 2019]
Uetz P, Freed P, Hošek J. The reptile database. (eds.); 2018.
[Accessed 11th October, 2019].
Dinesh KP, Radhakrishnan C, Channakeshavamurthy BH, Deepak P, Kulkarni NU. A checklist of amphibians of India with IUCN conservation status. Version (2.0). Online publication is available at www.zsi.gov.in . Updated till; 2019.
Aengals R, Kumar VMS, Palot MJ, Ganesh SR. A Checklist of reptiles of India, Version (1.3). Online publication. 2018;1-24.
Sabnis SD, Amin JV. Environmental studies on Sardar Sarovar Environs. M. S. University, Baroda. 1992;388.
Bhatt K, Vyas R, Singh M. Herpetofauna of Gir protected area. Zoos’ Print Journal. 1999;27-30.
Bhalodia K, Dave SM, Soni VC. Herpetofauna of Rampara wildlife sanctuary, Gujarat. Cobra. 2000;45:5-10.
Siliwal M, Thuru S, Suresh B, Naik YM, Pilo B. Amphibians of Purna wildlife sanctuary, Gujarat. 2003;1157-1158.
Vyas R. A preliminary survey on amphibian fauna of Jambughoda wildlife sanctuary, Gujarat. Frog leg. 1999;2-3.
Vyas R. Supplementary notes on herpetofauna of Gir Forest. Zoos’ Print Journal. 2000a;163-264.
Vyas R. Herpetofauna of Hingolgadh nature education sanctuary. Gujarat. Zoos’ Print Journal. 2000b;15(6):285-286.
Vyas R. Preliminary survey of herpetofauna of narayan sarovar sanctuary, Gujarat, Zoos’ Print Journal. 2002;17(6):812-814.
Vyas R. Herpetofauna of Vansda National Park, Gujarat. Zoos’ Print journal. 2004a;19(6):1512-1514.
Vyas R. Note on Amphibians of Barda Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat. Zoos’ Print Journal. 2004b;19(7):1545.
Vyas R. Frogs of shoolpaneshwar wildlife sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Frog Log. 2012;101:54-56.
Jangid A, Prajapati R, Dharaiya N. Anurans in polo reserved forests of Gujarat state, India: Two New Geographical Records. Ambient Science. 2017;4(1):1-4.
Goletar Y. Reptilian fauna of Khirasara vidi, Lodhika, Rajkot, Gujarat. M. Sc. Thesis, Saurashtra University, Rajkot; 2018.
Stoliczka F. Notes on the reptilian and amphibian fauna of Kutchh (Cutch). Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 1872;71-65.
Murray JA. The reptiles of Sind. Bombay, India, The Education Society’s Press. 1886;192.
McCann C. The reptiles and Amphibia of Cutch State. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society. 1938;40:425-427.
Daniel JC, Shull EM. A list of the reptiles and amphibians of Surat, Dangs, South Gujarat. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society. 1963;60:737-743.
Sarkar AK. Ecological studies on the amphibians of Gujarat. Bulletin of Zoological Survey of India. 1984;6(1-3):87-93.
Naik YM, Vinod KR. The diversity on amphibians in Gujarat state, India. Hamadryad. 1993;18:28-94.
Naik YM, Vinod KR. Amphibian fauna of Gujarat: An updated checklist with key to the identification. Journal of Animal Morphology and Physiology. 1996;43(2):191-194.
Sarkar AK, Ray S. State fauna series 8: Fauna of Gujarat, Part I: Zoological Survey of India. 2000;299-309.
Sharma RC. Taxonomic and ecological studies on the reptiles of Gujarat. Rec. Zool. Survey India. 1982;80:85-108.
Gayen NC. A synopsis of the reptiles of Gujarat, western India. Hamadryad. 1999;24(1):1-22.
Khandla Y, Trivedi V. A Preliminary survey on anurans of Jamnagar City and Vicinity Areas, Gujarat, India. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 2018;7(8):892-898.
Parmar H, Trivedi V. Preliminary survey of amphibians and reptiles of Rajkot City and Vicinity Areas, Gujarat. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 2018;7(9):20-30.
Thakkar A, Sheth L. Design of water distribution system for expanded area of Jamnagar Municipal Corporation. International Journal of Advance Research and Innovative Ideas in Education. 2017;3(1):1673-1687.
Scott NJ, Crump ML, Zimmerman BL, Jaeger RG, Inger RF, Corn PS, Woodward BD, Dodd CK, Scott DE, Shaffer HB, Alford RA. Standard techniques for inventory and monitoring. Measuring and monitoring biological diversity. Standard methods for amphibians/Heyer, W. Ronald; 1994.
Boulenger GA. Reptilia and batrachia. In Blanford WT (ed.), Fauna British India. Taylor and Francis, London. 1890;1-541.
Smith MA. The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma: Reptilia and Amphibia. Taylor and Francis, London. (Reprinted 1974, 1995 by Today and Tomorrow’s Printers and Publishers, New Delhi), Vol.1.Loricata, Testudines; 1931.
Smith MA. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia. Taylor and Francis, Volume II. Sauria. London; 1935.
Smith MA. The fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, including the whole of the Indo-Chinese sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia, Volume III. Serpentes. London; 1943.
Daniel JC. Field guide to amphibians of western India, Part-I. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society. 1963a;60:415-438,
Daniel JC. Field guide to amphibians of western India, Part-II. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society. 1963b;60:690-702.
Daniel JC. Field guide to amphibians of western India, Part-III. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society. 1975;72:506-522.
Daniel JC. Bombay natural history society. The book of Indian reptiles and amphibians. India: Bombay Natural History Society. 2002;238.
Murthy TSN. Classification and distribution of Reptiles of India. The Snake. 1985;17:48-71.
Tikader BK, Sharma RC. Handbook of Indian reptiles. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata. 1992;250.
Dubois A, Ohler A. Asian and oriental toads of the Bufo melanostictus, Bufo scaber and Bufo stejnegeri groups (Amphibia, Anura): a list of available and valid names and re-description of some name-bearing types. Journal of South Asian Natural History. 1999;4(2):133-180.
Dubois A, Ohler A, Biju SD. A new genus and species of Ranidae (Amphibia, Anura) from southern-western India. 2001;19:53-79.
Veith M, Kosuch J, Ohler A, Dubois A. Systematics of Fejervarya limnocharis (Gravenhorst, 1829) (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae) and related species. 2. Morphological and molecular variation in frogs from the Greater Sunda Islands (Sumatra, Java, Borneo) with the definition of two species. Alytes. 2001;19:5-28.
Daniel RJR. The book of Amphibians of peninsular India. Bombay natural history society, University press (India) Pvt. Ltd. Hyderabad, 2005;i-268.
Kuramoto M, Joshy SH, Kurabayashi A, Sumida M. The genus Fejervarya (Anura: Ranidae) in central Western Ghats, India, with descriptions of four new cryptic species. Current Herpetology. 2007;26(2):81-105.
Ohler A, Deuti K, Grosjean S, Paul S, Ayyaswamy AK, Ahmed MF, Dutta SK. Small-sized dicroglossids from India, with the description of a new species from West Bengal, India. Zootaxa. 2009;2209(1):43-56.
Dinesh KP, Vijayakumar SP, Channakeshavamurthy BH, Toreskar V, Kulkarni NU, Shanker K. Systematic status of Fejervarya (Amphibia, Anura, Dicroglossidae) from South and South East Asia with the description of a new species from the Western Ghats of Peninsular India. Zootaxa. 2015;3999(1):79-94.
Deepak V, Giri VB, Asif M, Dutta SK, Vyas R, Zambre AM, Bhosle H, Karanth KP. Systematics and phylogeny of Sitana (Reptilia: Agamidae) of peninsular India, with the description of one new genus and five new species. Contributions to Zoology. 2016;85(1):67-111.
Garg S, Biju SD. Description of four new species of burrowing frogs in the Fejervarya rufescens complex (Dicroglossidae) with notes on morphological affinities of Fejervarya species in the Western Ghats. Zootaxa. 2017;4277(4):451-490.
Hammer Ø, Harper D, Ryan P. PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica. 2001;4(1):1-9.
Magurran AE. Measuring biological diversity. Blackwell. 2004:1-215.
Available:https:// www2.ib. unicamp.br/ profs/thomas/NE002_2011/maio10/Magurran%202004%20c2-4.pdf
International Union for Conservation of Nature, Red List of Threatened Species. Version (2019-2). [Accessed 11th October, 2019]
Wildlife Protection Act. Schedule Species Database of India; 1972.
[Accessed 11th October, 2019]
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. Checklist of CITES Species.
[Accessed 11th October, 2019]
Egan RS, Paton PWC. Within-pond parameters affecting oviposition by wood frogs and spotted salamanders. Wetlands. 2004;24:1-13.
Skidds DE, Golet FC, Paton PWC, Mitchell JC. Habitat correlates of reproductive effort in wood frogs and spotted salamanders in urbanizing watershed. Journal of Herpetology. 2007;41:439-450.
deMaynadier PG, Hunter Jr. ML. Forest canopy closure and juvenile emigration by pool-breeding amphibians in Maine. Journal of Wildlife Management. 1999;63:441-450.
Blaustein AR, Wake DB, Sousa WP. Amphibian declines: Judging stability, persistence and susceptibility of populations to local and global extinctions. Conservation Biology. 1994;8:60–71.
Abstract View: 2891 times
PDF Download: 9 times