DYNAMICS AND DIVERSITY OF MACROZOOBENTHOS IN THE GLACIER FED STREAM BALKHILA AT SIRON IN CHAMOLI GARHWAL

Main Article Content

MOHD TARIQ
C. B. KOTNALA
A. K. DOBRIYAL

Abstract

The present study was carried out to investigate the dynamics and diversity of macrozoobenthos at Siron during November, 2018 to October, 2019. The various physico-chemical parameters were analysed on monthly basis throughout the year. The river is represented by seven major benthic orders namely Ephemeroptera (Baetis, Cinygmula, Caenis and Heptagenia), Trichoptera (Glossosoma, Rhyachophila, Agapetus, Hydropsyche, Chimarra and Stenopsyche), Diptera (Tabanus, Atherix, Chironomus), Coleoptera (Psephenus), Neuroptera (Corydalus), Odonata (Euphaea) and Plecoptera (Perla). The maximum density was 355 units. m-2 in the month of March, which was dominated by Ephemeroptera and Trichoptera followed in decreasing order by Coleoptera, Diptera, Plecoptera, Odonata and Neuroptera. This trend of dominance was supported by cluster analysis dendrograms. Benthic population showed negative correlations with current velocity, turbidity and water temperature and positive with pH, DO, Alkalinity and Total hardness. Highest similarity in taxa was obtained in winter and summer months and least in monsoon. Shannon-Wiener diversity index was maximum (2.17) in October and minimum (1.28) in August which showed conducive environmental conditions during autumn. The Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) represented that four benthic organisms [Cinygmula (Ephemeroptera), Hydropsyche and Stenopsyche (Trichptera) and Psephenus (Coleoptera)] were dominant and available round the year. The maximum density and diversity was found in winter season and minimum in monsoon. Coefficient of Similarity was traced between the total benthic population round the year.

Keywords:
Macrozoobenthos, glacier-fed, balkhila stream, canonical correspondence analysis.

Article Details

How to Cite
TARIQ, M., KOTNALA, C. B., & DOBRIYAL, A. K. (2020). DYNAMICS AND DIVERSITY OF MACROZOOBENTHOS IN THE GLACIER FED STREAM BALKHILA AT SIRON IN CHAMOLI GARHWAL. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 41(8), 80-91. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/1568
Section
Original Research Article

References

Milner AM, Khamis K, Battin TJ, Brittain JE, Barrand NE, Füreder L, Hodson AJ. Glacier shrinkage driving global changes in downstream systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2017;114: 9770–9778.

Bisht KL, Dobriyal AK, Bisht MS, Joshi H, Singh HR. Fisheries ecology of the high altitude river Pinder from Garhwal Himalaya. In: Nautiyal, P. et al. (Ed.): Biological diversity in Freshwater environment. Transmedia House, Srinagar Garhwal. 2005;242-248.

Dobriyal AK, Kumar N. Fish and fisheries of the river Mandakini. In: R.D. Khulbe (ED.) Perspectives in Aquatic Biology. Papyrus Publishing Co., New Delhi. 1988;337-340.

Mishra AS, Nautiyal P, Semwal VP. Distributional pattern of benthic macroinvertebrate fauna in the glacier fed rivers of Indian Himalaya. Our Nature. 2013;11(1):36-44.

Singh HR, Nautiyal P, Dobriyal AK, et.al. Water quality of the river Ganga (Garhwal Himalayas). Acta Hydrobiologia. 1994;36:3–15.

Dobriyal AK, Singh HR. Ecological basis for the ichthyofaunal variation in two hillstrteams of Garhwal Himalaya. In: M. Mohan Joseph (Ed.) The First Indian Fisheries Forum Proceedings, Asian Fishery Society, Indian Branch. 1988;313-317.

Pinto TLF, Uidea VS. Aquatic insects selected as food for fishes of a tropical stream: Are there spatial and seasonal differences in their selectivity. Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia. 2007;19(1): 67-68.

Ogbeibu AE, Oribhabor BJ. Ecological impact of the river impoundment using benthic macro-invertebrates as indicator. Water Research. 2002;36:2427-2436.

Kartikasari D, Retnaningdyah C, Arisoesilaningsih E. Application of water quality and ecology indices of benthic macroinvertebrate on evaluate water quality of tertiary irrigation in Malang district. The Journal of Tropical Life Science. 2013;1:193–201.

Oliveira A, Callisto M. Benthic macroinvertebrates as bioindicators of water quality in an atlantic forest fragment. Iheringia -Serie Zoologia. 2010;100:291–300.

Dobriyal AK, Balodi VP, Joshi HK, Bahuguna P, Kumar N. Seasonal cyclicity of Macrozoobenthos correlated with detrimental abiotic factors in the Eastern Nayar of Garhwal Himalaya, Uttarakhand. In: Himalayan Aquatic Biodiversity Conservation and new tools in Biotechnology (Eds. J P Bhatt, Madhu Thapliyal and Ashish Thapliyal). Transmedia Publication, Srinagar Garhwal. 2011;94-103.

Sharma A Sharma RC, Anthwal A. Surveying of aquatic insect diversity of Chandrabhaga river, Garhwal Himalayas. Environmentalist. 2008;28:395–404.

Abida S, Mir MF, Ifshana S, Mir SA, Ahangar IA. Macrozoobenthic communities as biological indicator of pollution in river Jhelum, Kashmir. Universal Journal of Environment, Research and Technology. 2012;2(4):273-279.

Dobriyal AK, Balodhi VP, Joshi HK, Thapliyal A, Bahuguna P, Uniyal SP, Kotnala CB. Substratum heterogeneity and indicator macro-zoobenthos of the Eastern Nayar, Garhwal, Central Himalaya. Journal of Mountain Research. 2009;4:130-135.

Welch PS. Limnological methods. McGraw Hill, New York; 1948.

APHA. Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater. 22nd Edn., APHA, AWWA, WPCF, Washington DC, USA; 2012.

Edmondson TH, (Ed). Freshwater Biology, Ward. H B and Whipple, G H, John Wiley and Sons, NY; 1992.

Hynes HBN. The ecology of the running waters. Liverpool University Press. 1970;543.

Jessup BK, Markowitz A, Stribling JB. Family level key to the stream invertebrates of Maryland and surrounding areas. Tetra Tech Inc. 10045 Red Run Blvd. Suite.110, Owings Mills, MD. 2002;21117-6102:80.

Singh HR, Nautiyal P. Altitudinal changes and the impact of municipal sewage on community structure of macrozoobenthic insects in the torrential reaches of the river Ganges in the Garhwal Himalaya. Acta Hydrobiologica. 1990;32(3-4):407-42.

Bahuguna P, Dobriyal AK. First report on the occurrence of some benthic macroinvertebrates in the spring-fed streams of Garhwal Himalaya, India. International Journal of Research and Analytical Research and Analytical Reviews (IJRAR). 2018;5(4):437-443.

Negi RK, Mamgain S. Seasonal variation of benthic macro invertebrates from Tons river of Garhwal Himalaya, Uttarakhand. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2013;16:1510-1516.

Kumar A, Vyas V. Diversity of macrozoobenthos in the selected reach of river Narmada (Central Zone), India. International Journal of Research in Biological Sciences. 2014;4(3):60-68.

Semwal VP, Misra AS. The distribution pattern of benthic macroinvertebrates in a spring fed foothill tributary of Ganga river, Western Himalaya, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 2019;11(12):14511-14517.

Rautela KK, Kumar K, Bisht KL, Joshi VD, Negi KS, Rautela AS, Dobriyal AK. Ecological studies on the biodiversity of river Khoh in the foot hills of Garhwal Himalaya, Part-2: Macrozoobenthic analysis. Aquaculture. 2006;7:277-283.

Ward JV, Stanford JA. Ecological factors controlling stream zoobenthos with emphasis on thermal modification of regulated streams. Ecology of regulated streams. Plenom Publishing Corporation. 1979;35–53.

Gusain OP, Gusain MP. Caddis (Tricoptera) larvae of spring fed stream in Garhwal Himalaya. In Nautiyal P, et al. Edited: Biological Diversity in Freshwater Environments. Transmedia Srinagar Garhwal. 2005;249-261.

Pandher MS, Saini MS, Parey SH. Review of the genus Stenopsyche Mc Lachlan (Trichoptera: Stenopsyche) in India. Zootaxa. 2013;3717(1):65-75.

DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa 3717.5

Murvosh CM. Ecology of the water penny beetle Psephenus herricki (De Kay). Ecological Monographs. 1971;41(1):79-96.

Available:http://doi.org/10.2307/194236

Kocataş A. Ekoloji ve Çevre Biyolojisi, Ege Üniv. Matbaası, İzmir. 1992;564.

Scott A, Jacobsen D, Tappeiner U, Bottarin R. Spatial and temporal variation of benthic maroinvertebrates assembleges during the glacial melt season in an Italian glacier fed stream. Hydrobiologia. 2019;827:123-139.

Sharifinia M, Namin JA, Makrani AB. Benthic macroinvertebrate distribution in Tanjan river using canonical correspondence analysis. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2012;10(2):181-194.

Kim DK, Jo H, Park K, Kwak IS. Assessing spatial distribution of benthic macro-invertebrate communities associated with surrounding land cover and water quality. Applied Sciences. 2019;9(23):5162.

Available:https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235162