Main Article Content
Background: Reservoirs and ponds are an important habitat to develop a number of species related to fishes and amphibians. Physico-chemical parameters as well as seasonal variations influence the presence of such species. A survey to determine many fish and amphibian species was conducted. The results were quiet fluctuating. Reason of this kind of variations is quality of water, habitat and seasonsal variation. It was based on a statistical analysis.
Materials and Methods: An investigation of fish species as well as amphibian richnes was conducted from June’ 2018 to May’ 2019. The survey was done in five major ponds of Gaya city, India; Which was in and around (i) Suryapokhra (ii) Digghi (iii) Ramsagar (iv) Vaitarni and (v) Rukmini Pond. The study was continued with presence of particular species in relation to physico-chemical characteristics of pond. Samples of fishes were collected by fish farmers and put into water for identification. Amphibian species were photographed during day and night hours.
Sampling was done during pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon periods. A total of 46 fish species belonging to 8 orders and 19 families and 12 Amphibian species belonging to 8 genera of 4 families were recorded. For physico-chemical characteristics, water samples was collected on monthly basis. Water depths of pond were measured by secchi disc. Dissolved Oxygen estimation was done by using Winkler’s method. Carbonate and Bicarbonate availability was estimated in the laboratory using volumetric analysis. Simpson Diversity Index and regression analysis were done to show the species richness and their relation with hydrobiological parameters.
Results and Conclusion: A wide fluctuation of physico-chemical characteristics was observed which determines the presence of particular fish and amphibian species. Some ponds like Ramsagar and Digghi bear a green vegetation around the pond, which provide habitation and survival of amphibian species. However DO is reported to be less in these ponds (Ramsagar and Digghi). Ponds like Suryapokhra and Viatarni have respectable concentration of DO and pH which are good for development of fish species. A total of 46 fish species and 12 amphibian species were identified. The data were analysed by statistical analysis using Simpson Diversity Index and regression method.
A.K. Nag, B. Singh and K. Ghosh, (2014) “Studies Related to physico-chemical characteristics of water of Suryakund- A religious pond located in Gaya town of Bihar, India” Ultra Chem. Vol 10, No. 2 pp 109 – 116,.
Sinha R.K.(2015), Shatdal (ISSN 2319 – 4812) vol 37, pp 142-145
Venkateswarlu, T. & T.S.N. Murthy (1972).Fauna of Bihar State (India), 2:- Amphibia Indian Journal of Zoology 13(3): 129–130.
Sarkar, A.K. (1991).The amphibian of ChhotaNagpur (Bihar), India.Records of The Zological Survay of India89(1–4): 209–217.
Daniels, R.J.R. (2005).Amphibians of Peninsular India. Universities Press (India) Private Ltd., Hyderabad. Boulenger, G.A. (1890) The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor and Francis, London.
7. Frost, D.R. (2018).Amphibian Species of the World: an online reference. Version 6 (12-10-2018). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/vz/ herpetology/amphibia/Amphibia/Anura/ American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA.
Ao, S., Dey, S.C. and Sarmah, S.K. (2008) Fish and fisheries of Nagaland. Published by Department of Fisheries, Govt. of Nagaland, p 234
Dubois, A. and Ohler, A. (2000) Systematics of Fejarvaryalimnocharis(Gravenhorst, 1829) (Amphibia: Anura) and related species. Nomenclatural status andtype- specimen ofthe nominal species RanalimnocharisGravenhorst 1829. Alytes18 (1-2):1-96
Dutta, S.K. (1997) Amphibians of India and Sri Lanka (Checklist and Bibliography). Odyssey Publishing House, Bhubaneshwar, 342pp+xxii
G. Miehe, G & Zhang, Y (eds),(2000) Environmental Changes in High Asia, Proceedings of an International Symposium and the University of Marburg, Marburger Georgr. Schr. 135, 250-254,
Ao, J. M. and Bordoloi, S.C. (2003) Amphibian distribution with respect to water chemistry in the wetlands of Kohima district, Nagaland, India. Aqua cult vol.4 (2),259-263
APHA (2000) Standard method for examination of water and waste waters.20th edition, American Public Health Association, Washington D.C, 1193 pages
Talwar, P.K. and Jhingran, A.G. (1991) Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Oxford and IBH publishing Co.Pvt.Ltd. N. Delhi, Vol. I and II : XIX+1158
Jayaram, K. C. (1999): The freshwater fishes of the Indian region (Revised second edition) Delhi Narendra Publishing House, New Delhi, India 2010.
Vishwanath, W. (2002) Fishes of North East India: A field guide to species identification.
CAMP report (1998) Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (C.A.M.P) workshop, Freshwater fishes of India, NBFGR,Lucknow, 22-26 September, pp.156.
NBFGR (2010) Threatened freshwater fishes of India,Published by Director of NBFGR, Lucknow, India. p.25
IUCN Conservation international and nature serve (2013) Global Amphibianassessment
Kiyasetuo and Khare, M.K. (1986) A new genus of frog (Anura: Ranidae) from Nagaland at the N-E hills of India. Asian Expl.Sci.,1:12-17
Ao, J. M., Bordoloi, S.C. and Ohler, A. (2003) Amphibian fauna of Nagaland with nineteen new records from the state including five new records for India. Zoos Print Journal 18(6): 1117-1125.
Humtsoe, L.N. and Bordoloi, S. (2009) A study on the torrential catfish AmblycepsapangiNath&Dey 1989 (Teleostei: Amblycipitidae) from Wokha district, Nagaland. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1 (2): 109-113.
Nath, P. and Dey, S.C. (1989)Two new species of the genus AmblycepsBlyth from Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Assam Science Society 32 (1): 243-249.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2006) Burden of disease and cost effectiveness estimates. World Health Organization.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2004): Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 3rdedn., World Health Organization, Geneva.
Boulenger, G.A. (1890) The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor and Francis, London.
Boulenger, G.A. (1920) A monograph of the South Asian, Papuan, Melanesian and Australian frogs of the genus Rana.Records of Indian Museum, Calcutta, 226pp.
Chanda, S.K. (2002) Hand book of Indian amphibians.Zool. Surv. Ind. Kolkata, 335p
Most read articles by the same author(s)
- PAWAN KUMAR, REKHA KUMARI, WATER QUALITY AND PHYTOPLANKTON ASSESSMENT OF SURYAPOKHRA POND; GAYA, INDIA , UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY: 2020 - Volume 41 [Issue 9]