IMPACT OF PESTICIDE ACRINATHRIN ON Bilobella braunerae DHERVANG (COLLEMBOLA: NEANURIDAE) IN LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS

Main Article Content

NISHA THOMAS
M. G. SANAL KUMAR

Abstract

Laboratory toxicity tests were carried out, to evaluate the effects of acrinathrin on fecundity and moulting intervals of Bilobella braunerae Dhervang (Collembola) grown in sub lethal concentration is 1.2612 ppm of acrinathrin pesticide. The Collembola feeding on leaves of jackfruit containing Acrinathrin pesticide exhibited trends of increased days in moulting and decreased fecundity rates up to 1.2612 ppm An inhibition of growth and fecundity was seen above the sublethal concentration. Both moulting and fecundity rates were significantly affected by the pesticide presented as food to the collembola. The untreated control sets recorded high fecundity for B. braunerae, but chronic toxicity of the insecticides on adults confined to the treated food resulted into very low fecundity and high moulting rates. Even short duration exposure to acrinathrin treated food for 24 or 72 hours only was found to delay the egg-laying and decrease the fecundity of the species. It is concluded that population responses and reproductive sensitivity in non-target soil microarthropods are potential eco-toxicological parameters for detecting pesticide pollution in soil and for ecological health assessment.

Keywords:
Bilobella braunerae, acrinathrin pesticide, moulting, fecundity, soil microarthropods.

Article Details

How to Cite
THOMAS, N., & KUMAR, M. G. S. (2020). IMPACT OF PESTICIDE ACRINATHRIN ON Bilobella braunerae DHERVANG (COLLEMBOLA: NEANURIDAE) IN LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 41(14), 19-25. Retrieved from https://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/1675
Section
Original Research Article

References

Broadbent AB, Tomlin AD. Effects of carbofuran on the soil microarthropod community in a cornfield in soil biology as related to land use practices. Proceedings, 7th International Soil Zoology Colloquium. International Society of Soil Science Syracuse. 1980;82–93.

Hale WG. Collembola in soil biology. Elsevier. 1967;397–411.

Butcher JW, Snider R, Snider RJ. Bioecology of edaphic Collembola and Acarina. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 1971;16:249–288.

Joy VC, Chakravorty PP. Impact of insecticides on nontarget microarthropod fauna in agricultural soil. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 1991;22:8–16.

Al-Assiuty AIM, Khalil MA. Effects of the herbicide atrazine on Entomobrya musatica (Collembola) in field and laboratory experiments. Appl. Soil Ecol. 1996;4:139–146.

Joy VC, Pramanik R, Sarkar K. Biomonitoring insecticide pollution using non-target soil microarthropods. J. Environ. Biol. 2005;26: 571–577.

Endlweber K, Schädler M, Scheu S. Effects of foliar and soil insecticide applications on the collembolan community of an early set-aside arable field. Appl. Soil Ecol. 2006;31:136–146.

Saha I, Joy VC. Potential ill effects of IGR pesticides on life-history parameters in ecologically important soil collembola Cyphoderus javanus Borner. Int. J. Sci. Environ. Technol. 2014;3:365–373.

Food E, Authority S. Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance beta-cypermethrin. EFSA J. 2014;12:1–82.

Verhoef HA, Brussaard L. Decomposition and nitrogen mineralization in natural and agroecosystems: The contribution of soil animals. Biogeochemistry. 1990;11:175.

Joosse ENG. Ecological aspects of aggregation in Collembola. Rev Écol Biol Sol; 1971.

Joosse ENG, Groen JB. Relationship between saturation deficit and the survival and locomotory activity of surface dwelling Collembola. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 1970;13: 229–235.

Widarto TH, Krogh PH, Forbes VE. Nonylphenol stimulates fecundity but not population growth rate (λ) of Folsomia candida. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 2007;67: 369–377.

Chakravorty PP, Haque A, Sanyal S, Dasgupta R. Effect of herbicides on Cyphoderus javanus (Hexapoda: Collembola) under laboratory conditions. Mortality. 2015;6:34.

Eijsackers H. Side effects of the herbicide 2, 4, 5‐T affecting mobility and mortality of the springtail Onychiurus quadriocellatus Gisin (Collembola). Zeitschrift für Angew. Entomol. 1978;86:349–372.

Haque A, Gupta R, Das, Chakravorty PP. Effect of two herbicides on Xenylla welchi (Hexapoda: Collembola) under laboratory conditions. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 2011;86:583–586.

Badejo MA, Van Straalen NM. Effects of atrazine on growth and reproduction of Orchesella cincta (Collembola). Pedobiologia (Jena). 1992;36;221–230.

Al-Assiuty AIM, Khalil MA. Effects of the herbicide atrazine on Entomobrya musatica (Collembola) in field and laboratory experiments. Appl. Soil Ecol. 1996;4:139–146.

Popovici I. The influence of atrazine on soil fauna; 1977.

Edwards CA, CA E. Interactions between herbicides and the soil fauna; 1979.