TRADITIONAL DAIRY HUSBANDRY PRACTICES VIS-A VIS ESTRUS SYNCHRONIZED AND ARTIFICIALLY INSEMINATION ON DAIRY CATTLE PERFORMANCES IN ETHIOPIA

DESALEGN AMANUEL *

Wachemo University, Ethiopia.

FELEKE TADESSE *

Wachemo University, Ethiopia.

WONDIMU AYELE

Wachemo University, Ethiopia.

ALEMAYEHU ABERA

Wachemo University, Ethiopia.

SELAMU ABREHAM

Wachemo University, Ethiopia.

TESFAYE LATEBO

Wachemo University, Ethiopia.

KIBAMO DETAMO

Wachemo University, Ethiopia.

ALEMU TADESSE

Addis-Ababa University, Ethiopia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The study was conducted with the objective to assess breeding and husbandry practices of dairy cattle and to evaluate estrus synchronization and artificial insemination (AI) services of dairy cattle. Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire, retrospective study, field monitoring and a participatory farmers’ group discussion. A total of 180 respondents were randomly selected from the two districts (90 from each). For retrospective study; data were collected on productive and reproductive performance of 911 dairy cattle from record books of the AI centers for the 2017 to 2018 period. Field monitoring was conducted for 3 months on 80 cows. The dairy cows or heifers were selected purposively from kebeles and households. The data obtained from the survey were analyzed using (SPSS version 20) and the data from the retrospective study and field monitoring were analyzed using (SAS version 9.1). For quantitative data obtained from the field monitoring general linear model procedure of the statistical analysis system (SAS version 9.1) was used. The Natural pasture was the dominant feed source in highlands whereas non-conventional feed was the dominant feed source in midl-altitude [1-3]. Farmers keeping Holstein Friesian and jersey breeds gave slightly higher priority to milk production for cash income, whereas those keeping local cattle breeds gave higher priority to milk production for own consumption. The average age at first calving for native and crossbred cows was 56.48±0.88 and 48.66±8.07 months respectively. AI was the dominant mating system (70.0%) followed by the natural mating system (21.7%). The main reasons for the presence of less satisfaction on AI service were heat detection problem followed by disease, absence of AI technician’s efficiency and distance of AI center [4-6]. Around half (48.3%) of the respondents have medium satisfaction with AI service and synchronization programs. The overall conception rate and number of service per conception were 77% and 1.3% respectively. For our findings, it can be concluded that selecting animals with appropriate age, body condition score (BCS) farmers’ awareness to detect heat and on-time insemination were important factors for improving the efficiency of synchronization program. 

Keywords: AI, breeding practice, dairy cattle, estrus synchronization, PGF2α


How to Cite

AMANUEL, D., TADESSE, F., AYELE, W., ABERA, A., ABREHAM, S., LATEBO, T., DETAMO, K., & TADESSE, A. (2022). TRADITIONAL DAIRY HUSBANDRY PRACTICES VIS-A VIS ESTRUS SYNCHRONIZED AND ARTIFICIALLY INSEMINATION ON DAIRY CATTLE PERFORMANCES IN ETHIOPIA. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 43(4), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2022/v43i42925

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Asmare, Bimrew.. Evaluation of the agronomic, utilization, nutritive and feeding value of desho grass (Pennisetum pedicellatum) (Doctoral dissertation, Jimma University); 2016.

Asrat Ayza,Yilma Zelalem and Ajebu Nurfeta.. Characterization of milk production systems in and around Boditti, South Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2013;25(183):65.

Ayalew Mekonin. Milk production, handling, processing and marketing in three dairy production systems of south Wollo Zone, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. MSc Theses, Bahir Dar University,Bahir Dar, Ethiopia; 2017.

Azage Tegegne, Berhanu Gebremedhin, Dirk Hoekstra, Berhanu Belay and Yoseph Mekasha. Smallholder dairy production and marketing systems in Ethiopia. IPMS experiences and opportunities for market-oriented development. IPMS of Ethiopian Farmers Project Working Paper 31. Nairobi. ILRI; 2013.

CSA (Central Statistical Agency). Agricultural sample survey 2013/14, Report on Livestock and Livestock characteristics. Volume II, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2014.

CSA (central statistical agency). Federal democratic republic of Ethiopia Agricultural sample survey Volume ii Report on Livestock and Livestock Characteristics; 2016

CSA (Central Statistical Agency). Agricultural sample survey; Livestock and Livestock characteristics (private peasant holdings .volume II Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2017.

CSA (Central Statistical Agency), Agricultural sample survey; Livestock and Livestock characteristics (private peasant holdings .volume II Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2015.

Azage Tegegne, Gebremedhin B, Hoekstra D.. Livestock input supply and service provision in Ethiopia: Challenges and opportunities for market-oriented development; 2010.

Tesfa Gebremicheal. Reproductive performance of indigenous dairy cattle in south Wollo. MSc Thesis, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia. 2009:65.

Opsomer G, Gröhn YT, Hertl J, Coryn M, Deluyker H, de Kruif A.. Risk factors for post partum ovarian dysfunction in high producing dairy cows in Belgium: a field study. Theriogenology. 2000;53(4):841-857.

Kouamo J, Sawadogo GJ. Synchronization rate and factors affecting pregnancy rate after synchronization of estrus cycle and insemination of Gobra zebu (Bos indicus) in traditional area in Senegal; 2012.

Noakes DE, Parkinson TJ, England GCW. Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. 8th ed. China, Sounders Elsevier. 2009:750-760.98.

Azage Tegegne, Estifanos E, Tera A, Hoekstra D. Technological options and approaches to improve smallholder access to desirable animal genetic material for dairy development: IPMS Experience with hormonal oestrus synchronization and mass insemination in Ethiopia; 2012.

Shiferaw Y, Tenhagen BA, Bekana M, Kassa T.. Reproductive performance of crossbred dairy cows in different production systems in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 2003;35(6):551-561.

Murugavel K, Yanize JK, Santolaria M, Lopez B, Lopez-Gatius F. Prostaglandin based estrus synchronization in Post-Partum dairy cows. An update. The international Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine; 2010.

Jinks EM, Smith MF, Atkins JA, Pohler KG, Perry GA, MacNeil MD, Geary TW.. Preovulatory estradiol and the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in suckled beef cows. Journal of Animal Science. 2013;91(3):1176-1185.

Jones RN, Hennessy KJ. Climate Change Impacts in the Hunter Valley. A Risk Assessment of Heat Stress Affecting Dairy Cattle. CSIRO Atmospheric Research, Aspendale, Victoria, Australia. 2000:22 - 28.

Rick R, Gene D. Synchronizing Estrus in Beef Cattle. University of Nebraska–Lincoln Lincoln, NE. 2013;68588:402-472.

CSA (Central Statistical Agency). Summary and Statistical Report of the 2007 Population and Housing Census. Population Size by Age and Sex. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency Population Cencus Commission. Volume II, Addis Ababa; 2007.

Cochran WG. Sampling Techniques. Wiley. New York. 1977:413.

Sharifuzzaman Jalil AM, Barman SC, Matin MA, Rokonuzzaman Md, Ashadul Haque Md..Comparative study on conception rate in indigenous and crossbred cows after artificial insemination. Bangladesh International Journal of Natural and Social Sciences. 2015;2:9-12.

Khatun MA, Bari1 FY, Alam M, Ali MR, Sarkar PK. Post AI Conception Rate in Cattle at Rajarhat, Kurigram, Bangladesh. Wayamba Journal of Animal Science 2014:845-854

Kosgey IS. Breeding objectives and breeding strategies for small ruminants in the tropics. PhD Thesis, Wageningen University. Laboratory, Texas A &M University Agricultural Research Station, Beeville, USA. 2004:78102-9410

Alemshet Birhanemeskel, Mekasha Y, Kide W. Evaluation of the Reproductive Performance of Crossbred (Hf X Zebu) Dairy Cows and Artificial Insemination Service Efficiency in and Around Adigrat. North Ethiopia. 2014;3:42-46.

Seid Guyo, Berhan Tamir. Assessment of cattle husbandry practices in burji woreda, segen zuria zone of SNNPRS, Ethiopia: International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research. 2014;2(4);11.

Misganu Amanuel. Assessment of Breeding Practices and Efficiency of Estrus Synchronization in Jimma Zone of Oromia, Ethiopia; 2018.

Debir Legese. Assessment of Breeding Practice and Evaluation of Estrus Synchronization of Dairy Cattle In Sidama Zone southern Ethiopia. MSc thesis. Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia; 2016.

Bainesagn W. Assesment of breeding practices and evaluation of estrus synchronization and mass insemination technique in dairy cattle in West Shoa zone (Doctoral dissertation, Msc thesis, Haramaya University, Ethiopia); 2015 .

Destalem Gebremedin. Breeding practices and estrus synchronization evaluation of the dairy cattle in central zone of tigray, northern Ethiopia. MSC Thesis, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia; 2015.

Belay Duguma, Yisehak Kechero, Janssens GPJ. Productive and Reproductive Performance of Zebu X Holstein-Friesian Crossbred Dairy Cows in Jimma Town, Oromia, Ethiopia. Department of Animal Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia. Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium. Global Veterinaria. 2012;8 (1):67-72.

Demissu H. Assessment of Milk Production and Marketing System in Horro District of Horro Guduru Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia; 2015.

Ayantu M, Haile A, Dessie T, Mekasha Y.. On farm characterization of Horro cattle breed production systems in western Oromia, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Development 24 (100). Retrieve June 25, 2015 from http; 2012.

Zewdie Wondatir. Livestock production systems in relation with feed availability in the highlands and central rift valley of Ethiopia. MSc Thesis; 2010

Hunduma Dinka. Reproductive performance of crossbred dairy cows under small holder condition in Ethiopia. International Journal of Livestock Production. 2012;3(3):25-28

Nibret Moges. Study on Reproductive Performance of Crossbred Dairy Cows under Small Holder Conditions in and Around Gondar; 2012.

Sharew Mekonnen. Assessment of Breeding Practice, Statues of Estrus Synchronization and Mass Insemination of Dairy Cattle in The North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia; 2018.

Azage Tegegne, Hoekstra D, Gebremedhin B, Gizaw S.. History and experiences of hormonal oestrus synchronization and mass insemination of cattle for improved genetics in Ethiopia: From Science to Developmental Impact; 2016.

Sinishaw W. Study on semen quality and field efficiency of AI bulls kept at the National Artificial Insemination Center. MSc thesis, Addis Ababa University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Debre Zeit; 2005.