Published: 2022-04-11

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2022/v43i52949

Page: 1-13


Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Delta State University, Abraka, P.M.B. 1, Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria.


Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Delta State University, Abraka, P.M.B. 1, Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria.


Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Delta State University, Abraka, P.M.B. 1, Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The length-weight relationship and condition factor of two identified Palaemonidae species, Macrobrachium dux (Lenz, 1910) and Macrobrachium macrobrachion (Herklots, 1851) from the upper limnic River Ethiope, Nigeria, were investigated for future aquaculture feather nest and management. Prawn samples were collected from three sites (Umutu, Abraka, and Eku) by artisanal fishers using local traps and scooping gear. Of the 285 prawns collected from artisanal, 238 (83.51%) were allotted to Abraka and Eku registered 47(16.49%). The prawns were identified using the taxonomic keys. The total length of the prawns was measured to the nearest 0.01 cm with a pair of dividers and a metre rule. The weights of the shrimp were also taken using the OHAUS dial spring scale to the nearest 0.1g. The length-frequency analyses showed the males ranged from 4.1-6.5cm in length, with a weight range of 0.51-2.63g, mostly more massive than the females (1.5-5.3cm) with a higher weight range (0.03-12.0g) and the non-identified sex (NIS) group with a 0.1-2.9cm length range. Only the NIS of M.dux at Eku showed positive allometric growth (b > 3), while the others showed negative allometry (b 3). High correlation determinants (r²) exist between the length-weight of all species besides the female M.dux at Abraka (0.26) and Eku (0.33). The condition factors of the two prawns predicted upper River Ethiope soft water quality as good for farming M.dux and M. macrobrachion.

Keywords: Oligoionic River, health condition, palaemonidae M . dux, M . macrobrachion

How to Cite

ISIOMA, I. K., ZINO, O. J., & ISRAEL, O. S. (2022). LENGTH-WEIGHT RELATIONSHIP AND HEALTH OF Macrobrachium dux (LENZ, 1910) AND Macrobrachium macrobrachion (HERKLOTS, 1851) IN RIVER ETHIOPE HEADWATERS, NIGERIA. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 43(5), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2022/v43i52949


Download data is not yet available.


Zabbey N, Erondu ES, Hart AI. Nigeria and the prospect of shrimp farming: critical issues. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2010;22, Article #198.

Retrieved March 31, 2022, from Available:http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd22/11/zabb22198.htm.

Soomro AN, Baloch WA, Chandio TJ, Achakzai WM, Shagufta Saddozai. Condition Factor and Length-Weight Relationship of Monsoon River Prawn Macrobrachiummalcolmsonii (H. Milne-Edwards, 1844) (Palaemonidae) in Lower Indus River Pakistan J. Zool. 2012;44(5):1279-1283.

Lawal–Are AO, Onalabi AT. Comparative biology of the prawns Macrobrachiummacrobrachion (Herklots) and Macrobrachiumvollenhovenii (Herklots) from two interconnecting Fresh/Brackish water lagoons in South-West Nigeria. Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development. 2012;2:2. DOI: 10.4172/2155-9910.1000108.

Garcia- Guerrero M, Romero RS, Vega-Villasante F, Cortes-Jacinto E. Conservation and aquaculture of native freshwater prawns: the case of the canque river prawn Macrobrachiumamericanum (Bate, 1868). Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research. 2015;43(5):819-827. DOI:10.3856/vol43-issues5-fulltext-x

Okayi RG, Ataguba GA, Mbata FU. Stock assessment of shrimps and prawns of the Benue and Niger River, Nigeria. E3 Journal of Agricultural Research and development. 2012;2(4):092-095.

Okayi RG, Solomon SG, Ataguba AG, Chukwudi OP, Mbata FU. Indigenous knowledge of shrimps and prawn species and fishing of the Benue and Niger River (middle – belt savannah) – Nigeria. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America Agric. Biol. J. N. Am. 2013;4(3):221-226. DOI:10.5251/abjna.2013.

Iloba KI, Eferakeya E. Length–Weight Relations and Correction Factors of Three Freshwater Prawns of Ethiope River, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Food Environment. 2019;6(1):19 – 31.

Alawode OO, Oluwatayo IB, Adebowale OA. Effect of catfi sh production on welfare of smallholder farmers in Osun State, Nigeria. Journal of Agribus and Rural Development. 2016;4(42):471–481. DOI: 10.17306/JARD.2016.74

Iloba KI, Utuebor HA. Water Quality and Phytoplankton Appraisal of Agbarha River in Delta State of Nigeria, for Aquaculture Purposes. Journal of Agriculture and Food Environment. 2018;5(4):48-61.

Eniade AA, Odedeyi DO, Bello-Olusoji AO, Adebayo OT, Agyakwah SK. Aspects of Habitat Ecology of Macrobrachium vollenhovenii (Herklots, 1857) on the Lower Volta River, Ghana. 2018;1(2):76-89

Yang P, Lai DYF, Jin B, Bastviken D, Tan L, Tong C. Dynamics of dissolved nutrients in the aquaculture shrimp ponds of the Min River estuary, China: Concentration, fluxes and environmental loads. Science of the Total Environment. 2017;603-604:256-267.

Abdel-Wahed RK, Shaker IM, Elnady MA, Soliman MAM. Impact of Fish Management on Water Quality, Plankton Abundance and Growth Performance of Fish in Earthen Ponds. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology & Fisheries. 2018;22(1):49-63.

Faiza MS, Sahar FM, Hamdy AS, Taha SB. Meristic and Morphometric Characteristics of Five –lined snapper, Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch, 1790) from the Red Sea, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology & Fisheries. 2018;22(1):41 –48.

Attia AO. El-Aiatt, Kariman A. Sh. Shalloof. Study on the biology of the small scaled teraponTerapon puta (Cuvier, 1829) from Bardawil lagoon, North Sinai, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology & Fisheries. 2019;23(2):95 – 107.

Shallof KA. Sh, El-Far AM. Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Some Fishes from the River Nile in Egypt with Special Reference to Four Tilapia Species. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology & Fisheries. 2017;21(2):33-46.

Adeosun FI, Adedoyin IA, Oghenebrorhie OMT, Quddus AA, Micheal AO. Morphometric and Meristic features and Length-weight Relationship as indicators of quality of Brycinusmacrolepidotus in Lower River Ogun, Nigeria. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology & Fisheries. 2019;23(2):433-441

Odum O. The Ecology and Biology of the fishes of the Ethiope River, Nigeria. PhD Thesis, University of Benin, Benin-city. 1992;222.

Ikomi RB, Jessa H. Studies on aspect of the biology of Tilapia mariae (Boulenger,1899) (Osteichthyes Cichlidae) in Ethiope River, Niger Delta, Nigeria. African Zoology. 2003;38(2):255- 264.

Iloba KI. The Physico-chemical Characteristics and Plankton Ethiope River, Nigeria. PhD Thesis, Delta State University Abraka, Delta State. 2012;444.

Powell CB. Freshwater and Brackish Water Shrimps of Economic Importance in the Niger Delta. In: Proceedings of 2nd annual Conference. Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON) Calabar Nigeria. 1982;254-288

Hammer Ø, Harper DAT, Ryan PD. PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Package for Education and Data Analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica. 2001;4(1): 9.

American Water Association and Water Pollution Control Federation (APHA). Standard Methods for the examination of water and wastewaters Edn 19th, Washington, DC; 1992.

FAO. Farming freshwater prawns. A manual for the culture of the giant river prawn (Macrobrachiumrosenbergii) FAO fisheries Technical Paper. 2002;428.

Ariadi H, Fadjar M, Supriatn AMM. The relationship between water quality parameters and the growth of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) in intensive ponds. AACL Bioflux. 2019;12(6):2103-2116. 38.

Kingdom T, Hart AI, Erondu ES. Effects of environmental factors on the abundance of shrimps, Macrobrachium species in the lower Taylor Creek, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Afr. J. Environ. Pollut. Health. 2013;10: 71-79.

Arimoro FO, Meye JA. Some aspects of the biology of Macrobrachium dux (Lenz,1910) (Crustacea:Decapoda:Natantia) in Orogodo River Orogodo, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Acta Biologica Columbiana. 2007;12(2):111–122.

Ettefaghdoost M, Alaf NH, Falahatkar B. Growth performance, feed efficiency and whole-body chemical composition of the oriental river prawn, Macrobrachium nipponense, fed different dietary protein to lipid ratio. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. 2018;17(3):585-602.

Jimoh AA, Clarke EO, Whenu OO, Adeoye HB. Food and feeding habits of the African river prawn (Macrobrachiumvollenhovenii, Herklots, 1857) in Epe Lagoon, southwest Nigeria. Advances in Aquaculture and Fisheries Management. 2016;4(5):1-6.

Deekae SN, Ansa EJ, Davidson EB. Foods of the Brackish River Prawn, Macrobrachiummacrobrachion (Herklots, 1851) from Ekole Creek, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Continental Journal of Applied Sciences. 2016;11(1):11-26.

Eniade AA, Odedeyi DO, Bello-Olusoji AO, Adebayo OT, Agyakwah SK. Population structure, Fecundity and morphological characteristics of M. vollenhovenii (Herklots, 1857) on the lower Volta River, Ghana. African Journal of Biological Sciences. 2019;1(1):1-11.

Makonbu JG, Stomeo F, Oben, PM, Tilly E, Opiyo OS, Oben BO, Cheruiyot, EK, Tarekegn M, Zango P, Egbe AE, Ndagyong A, Mialhe E, Nguegim JR, Mujibi FD. Morphology and molecular characterization of freshwater prawn of genus Macrobrachium in the coaster area of Cameroon. Ecology and Evolution. 2019(9): 14217-14233.

Liu Q, Gao Y, Wang C, Yanyi Z, Ni J, Lai Z. Effects of ambient microbiota on the gut microbiota of Macrobranch- iumresembergii. Water. 2022;14(658): 1-9.

Eniade AA, Bello-Olusoji AO. The abiotic ecology of breeding of Palaemonid prawns in the Ilaje Estuary, Ondo State, Nigeria. Continental J. Fisheries and Aquatic Science. 2011;5(1):31-37.

Nwadiaro CS, Oranusi NA, Umeham SN. Preliminary survey of the drinking water quality of some areas in Imo and Rivers States. Proceedings of the 3rd National Conference of Water Pollution, (NCWP'82), Port Harcourt, Nigeria; 1982.

Egborge ABM, Okoro JI, Alawani OA, Uraih LN. Thermal and Chemical Pollution of Benin River and its Tributary, the Jamieson River. Nig. J. App. Sci. 1986;4:121-140.

Holden A, Green. The hydrology and plankton of river sokoto. Ournal of Animal Ecology. 1960;29:65-84.

Egborge ABM. The chemical hydrology of the River Oshun Western State of Nigeria. Fresh Water Biol. 1971;1:257-271.

Okogbue BC, Hart AI, Ansa EJ, Ikpi G. Histological impact of calcium carbonate on the juveniles of the brackish River Prawn. International Journal Of Scientific & Technology Research. 2014;3(3):200-204.

Adebisi AA. The physico chemical properties and hydrology of a tropical seasonal river-upper Ogun River. Hydrobiologia. 21981;79:157-165.

Ikomi RB, Sikoki FD. Fish communities of the River Jamieson, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Trop. Fresh-Water Biol. 1998;7: 37-51.

Edokpayi CA. Ecology of prawn (Crustacea: Decapod, Natantia) in the Benin River at Koko, Delta State. University of Benin, Nigeria. 1990;222.

Iloba KI, Akawo N, Anani C. Sand dredging impact on macrobenthic invertebrates of a hallowed river in Delta state of Nigeria. Science World Journal. 2019;14(1): 171-175.

Holthuis LB. FAO species catalogue. Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries. FAO Fish. Synop. 1980;125(l):1-271.

Rutherford A. Freshwater shrimp in the area of Cape Coast, Ghana. Ghana Journal of Sciences. 1971;11(2):87-91.