SEASONAL VARIATION IN MOSQUITO LARVICIDAL POTENTIALITY OF Holoptelea integrifolia

PDF

Published: 2022-04-27

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2022/v43i62982

Page: 55-60


S. SINGHA *

Department of Zoology, Vivekananda Mahavidyalaya, Burdwan, West Bengal, India and  Mosquito, Microbiology and Nanotechnology Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, The University of Burdwan, West Bengal, India.

G. CHANDRA

Mosquito, Microbiology and Nanotechnology Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, The University of Burdwan, West Bengal, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Japanese encephalitis (JE) which was previously known as Japanese B encephalitis, is caused by the Japanese encephalitis virus. Plant produced the photochemical mainly for their own defense mechanism is experimentally used to control varieties of insect pests or vectors. Crude extract (0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%, 0.4% and 0.5%) of leaves of Holoptelea  integrifolia when applied on third instars mosquito larvae in successive seasons i.e. Summer, Rainy and Winter, caused 100 percent mortality at 0.5% concentration in summer after 72 h of exposure. In Winter, also a 100 percent mortality of the third instars of Cx. vishnui group larvae were noticed after 48 h of exposure at 0.5% concentration. Out of three predominant seasons in West Bengal, variation in the mortality of Cx. vishnui group larvae by crude extract of H. integrifolia leaf are well established and mortality increases with higher extract concentration and time of exposure. Highest mortality was noted in Rainy season followed by Summer and Winter.

Keywords: Holoptelea integrifolia, Culex vishnui, mortality, mosquito, larvae, seasonal variation


How to Cite

SINGHA, S., & CHANDRA, G. (2022). SEASONAL VARIATION IN MOSQUITO LARVICIDAL POTENTIALITY OF Holoptelea integrifolia. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 43(6), 55–60. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2022/v43i62982

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Lindahl J, Chirico J, Boqvist S, Thuand HTV, Magnusson U. Occurrence of Japanese encephalitis virus mosquito vectors in relation to urban pig holdings. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2012;87(6):1076–1082.

Mahmud S, Shareef HM, Ahmad GH, Gouhar, Rizwani. Pharmacognostic studies on fresh leaves of Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.). Pak J Bot. 2010;42:3705-3708.

Hati AK. Vector of Japanese Encephalites in India and their bionomics and control. Bull Cal Sch Trop Med. 1981;29:87-88.

Shaalan EAS, Canyonb D, Younesc MWF, Abdel – Wahaba H, Mansoura AH. A review of botanical Phytichemicals with mosquitocidal potential. Environ Int. 2005; 31:1149-1166.

World Health Organization. Instructions for determining the susceptibility resistance of mosquito larvae to insecticides. WHO / VBCX. 1981;81:1-6.

Saignae A, Maive A. A simple character for recognizing second and third instar larvae of five Canadian mosquito genera (Diptera: Culicida). The Canadian Entmol. 2012;113(1): 13-20.

VCRC. Vector Control Research Centre (Ed. Rajagopalan, P.K.). Miscellaneous Publications. 1989;11:26.

Green M, Singer JM, Sutherland DJ, Hibben CR. Larvicidal activity of Tergetes minuta (marigold) towards Aedes aegypti. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1991;7:282-284.

Sakthivadivel K, Thilagavathy D. Larvicidal and chemosterilant activity of the acetone fraction of petroleum ether extract from Argemone mexicana L seed. Bioresource Technol. 2003;89(2):213-6.

Jacobson M. Insecticides from plant a review of literature. USDA Agricultural Hand Book No. 154. 1958;1941-1953.

Markouk M, Bekkouche K, Larshini M, Bousaid M, Lazzek HB, Jana M. Evaluation of some Moroccan medicinal plant extracts for larvicidal activity. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000;73: 293-297.

Jayabalan D, Aral N, Thangamathi P. Studies on effects of Palargonium citrosa leaf extracts on malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi Liston. Biores Technol. 2003;89(2):185-189.

Sharma P, Mohan L, Srivasatava CN. Larval suscepitibilly of Ajuga remota against anopheline and culicine mosquitoes. Southest Asian J Trop Med and Public Health. 2004;35: 608-610.

Choochote W, Tuetun B, Kanjanapothi D, Rattanachanpichai E, Chaithong U, Chaiwong P, Jitpakdi A, Tippawangkosol P,Riyong D, Pitasawat B. Potential of crude seed extract of celery, Apium graveolens L., against the mosquito Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae). J Vector Ecol. 2004;29:340-346.

Sharma P, Mohan L, Srivastava CN. Phytoextract- induced developmental deformities in malaria vector. Biores Technol. 2006;97:1599-1604.

Singha S, Adhikari U, Ghosh A, Chandra G Mosquito Larvicidal Potentiality of Holoptelea integrifolia Leaf Extract against Japanese Encephalitis Vector, Culex vishnui Group. J Mos Res. 2012;2(4):25-31.