PHYTO-CONSTITUENTS OF CROTON BONPLANDIANUS AS ECO-FRIENDLY BIO-WEAPON AGAINST HUMAN VECTOR MOSQUITOES

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Published: 2022-12-24

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2022/v43i243300

Page: 101-109


RENGASWAMY RAJALAKSHMI

Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar-608 002, Tamil Nadu, India.

JEGADEESAN VAIDEHI *

Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar-608 002, Tamil Nadu, India.

KALIYAMOORTHY KRISHNAPPA

Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, AVC College (Autonomous), Mannampandal, Mayiladuthurai–609305, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The Croton bonplandianus various leaf extracts were assessed the presence of phytochemical in which predominant numbers occupied by high polarity solvent (methanol extract). ‘+’ denoted as presence of phytochemical group and ‘-’ denoted as absence of phytochemical group. The major phyto-compounds of Dihydro-pseudosolasodine and Methylsulfonic acid, 2,2,2-trichloroethyl ester were identified from C. bonplandianus leaf methanolic extract by using GC-MS analysis. The major phyto-constituents were tested by standard protocol with various concentrations (4-250μg/mL) against 3rd instars larvae of different vector mosquitoes Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus By GC-MS analysis, confirmed the presence of 15 phyto-compounds in which, Dihydro-pseudosolasodine (15.03%) and Methylsulfonic acid, 2,2,2-trichloroethyl ester (17.72%) were noticed as major phyto-constituent. The lethal toxicity (LC50/LC90) of C. bonplandianus leaf methanol extract and Dihydro-pseudosolasodine and Methylsulfonic acid, 2,2,2-trichloroethyl ester tested against 3rd instar larvae of Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus values were 78.48/178.68, 80.33/180.32, 11.46/19.90, 11.72/19.66, 10.66/19.06 and 10.71/19.78 µg/mL, respectively. C. bonplandianus leaf methanol extract and selected phyto-compounds were exposed with juvenile stage of medical vector which found the hyper toxicity at lower concentration. Our results, the C. bonplandianus phyto-pesticides achieved many folds topper toxic effects on medical vectors which provided eco-friendly approaches to environment.

Keywords: Croton bonplandianus, phyto-constituents, GC-MS analysis, blood sucking vector


How to Cite

RAJALAKSHMI, R., VAIDEHI, J., & KRISHNAPPA, K. (2022). PHYTO-CONSTITUENTS OF CROTON BONPLANDIANUS AS ECO-FRIENDLY BIO-WEAPON AGAINST HUMAN VECTOR MOSQUITOES. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 43(24), 101–109. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2022/v43i243300

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