REPRESENTATIVE EYE DISEASES AND THEIR PREVALENCE IN SAUDI ARABIA

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Published: 2022-12-26

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2022/v43i243303

Page: 121-127


NISREEN OMAR ASRAF

National Guard Hospital, Jeddah, Primary Health Care (Specialized Poly Clinic), Saudi Arabia.

MOHAMMED IBRAHIM ALSAEED

King Abdulaziz Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

AFNAN MOHAMMED SHAYBAH

Baish PHC, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.

ZAINAB ABDULMAJEED AHMAD ALMUBARAK

King Faisal General Hospital Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

ALI ABDULLAH ALGHAMDI

Doctor of Pharmacy, Directorate of Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

NADA ADEL SAGR

Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

AHMED ABDULLAH ALGHAMDI

Directorate of Health Affairs-Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

ASMA FAISAL ALGHAMDI

Bani Salem Primary Health Care Center, Al Bahah, Baljurashi, Saudi Arabia.

FAHD SAUD A ALMESNED

King Saud Hospital in Unizah, Saudi Arabia.

GHADEER HASSAN K ALGHAZWI

Groningen University, Groningen, The Netherland.

ABDULLAH YAHYA ZILAY

Aljabal PHC Center, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.

ABDULMAJEED MOHAMMAD S. ALIBRAHEM

Maastricht University, The Netherlands.

ABDULRAHMAN YAHYA SUMAYLI

Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.

RIAM SALEH ALKHAMIS

Department of Emergency Medicine, Diriyah Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Many patients with symptomatic eye conditions present initially to their primary care physician. Eye issues account for 2-3% of all primary care office visits. Knowing how to respond when these patients come is critical for the family physician, as is knowing when to refer them to an ophthalmologist for additional care. Family doctors should be able to spot eye disorders that can cause vision loss and necessitate an immediate referral to an ophthalmologist. A comprehensive history and physical examination are essential in reaching a diagnosis and determining the severity of the eye problem. Visual changes, length of symptoms, presence or absence of a foreign body, history of trauma or recent eye surgery, and concomitant symptoms such as a headache, nausea, or ocular discharge should all be addressed in the history. Almost 50% of all eye disorders presented to a family physician. Comprehensive treatment of such conditions can often be provided in the primary care setting. Patients with persistent or severe conditions, particularly those involving foreign bodies and corneal abrasions due to high-velocity injuries, should be referred for immediate care by an ophthalmologist. This review aims to review most prevalent eye complaints in primary health care centers in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords: Primary care, family physician, ophthalmic diseases, eye complaints, cataract, retinopathy


How to Cite

ASRAF, N. O., ALSAEED, M. I., SHAYBAH, A. M., ALMUBARAK, Z. A. A., ALGHAMDI, A. A., SAGR, N. A., ALGHAMDI, A. A., ALGHAMDI, A. F., ALMESNED, F. S. A., ALGHAZWI, G. H. K., ZILAY, A. Y., ALIBRAHEM, A. M. S., SUMAYLI, A. Y., & ALKHAMIS, R. S. (2022). REPRESENTATIVE EYE DISEASES AND THEIR PREVALENCE IN SAUDI ARABIA. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 43(24), 121–127. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2022/v43i243303

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