Bio-efficacy of Solvent Extracts of Botanicals against Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenee) under in vitro Condition

A. Thasneem

Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-608 002, Tamil Nadu, India.

M. Pazhanisamy *

Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-608 002, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

This study evaluated the effectiveness of solvent extracts of A. indica, C. inerme, and O. sanctum against Leucinodes orbonalis, a borer of brinjal shoots and fruit. The room temperature solvent extraction method was used to get the acetone, petroleum ether, and methanol extracts of the botanicals, A. indica 100% (76.54%) methanol extract had the highest antifeedant efficacy.  The acetone and petroleum ether extracts of A. indica 100% (65.45%; 60.42%) and C. inerme 100% (57.25%; 51.78%) were also effective antifeedants. The per cent larval mortality of L. orbonalis was highest in the methanol, acetone and petroleum ether extracts of A. indica 100% (89.33%; 80%; 71.33%), A. indica 75% (76.67%; 70%; 67%) and A. indica 50% (68.67%; 63.67%;58.67%), respectively.

Keywords: Bio-efficacy, solvent extracts of botanicals, antifeedant activity, Leucinodes orbonalis, in vitro


How to Cite

Thasneem , A., & Pazhanisamy , M. (2023). Bio-efficacy of Solvent Extracts of Botanicals against Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenee) under in vitro Condition . UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(8), 67–74. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i83483

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Kalawate A, Dethe MD. Bioefficacy study of biorational insecticide on brinjal. Journal of Biopesticides. 2012;5(1):75-80.

Chakraborti S, Sarkar PK. Management of Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee on eggplants during the rainy season in India. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 2011;51(4):325-328.

Kumar S, Singh D. Seasonal fluctuation and extent of losses of Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. on Solanum melongena L. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences. 2012;20(2):318-321.

Shaukat MA, Ahmad A, Mustafa F. Evaluation of resistance in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guen.) infestation: A review. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology. 2018;6(3):199-206.

Mainali RP, Thapa RB, Pokhrel P, Dangi N, Aryal S. Bio- rational management of eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Lalitpur, Nepal. Journal of Plant Protection Society. 2013;4:235-247.

Pandey NS, Thakur S. Bioefficacy of some plant products against Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) shoot and fruit borer, [Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenee)]. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017;6(4):876-878.

Sahu R, Kumar A, Khan HH, Habil D, Dhaked NS, Naz H. Efficacy of chemical insecticides against shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee and economics of treated crop in Allahabad: A review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018;7(1):31-36.

Kumar S, Singh A. Biopesticides: present status and the future prospects. Journal of Fertilizers and Pesticides. 2015;6(2): 100-129.

Hegde DR, Nelson S, Natarajan N, Kumar SM, Arumugam T. A study on growth and development of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenee) on different Artificial Diets. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2018;6(1):555-559.

Sharma S, Chandel YS, Sharma PC. Residual toxicity of different insecticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2018; 6(2):2115-2118.

Mannan MA, Islam KS, Jahan M. Development of rearing technique of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee. International Journal of Entomology Research. 2020;5(5):115-120.

Mallikarjun S, Rao A, Rajesh G, Shenoy R, Pai M. Antimicrobial efficacy of Tulsi leaf (Ocimum sanctum) extract on periodontal pathogens: An in vitro study. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology. 2016;20(2):145-150.

Jaglan MS, Khokhar KS, Malik MS, Singh R. Evaluation of neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) extracts against American bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 1997;45(8):3262-3268.

Chennaiyan V, Sivakami R, Jeyasankar A. Effect of Durantaerecta Linn (Verbenaceae) leaf extracts against armyworm Spodoptera litura and cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae). International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences. 2016;3(2):311-320.

Khatun R, Alam K, Rana S, Mashud AA, Masud AA, Ahmed S, Islam R, Jamal MAHM. In vitro efficiency of crude extract of Ricinus communis, Abroma augusta, and Bombax ceiba seed on brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2022;18(2):73-79.

Muthu C, Baskar K, Ignacimuthu S. Antifeedant, larvicidal and growth inhibitory activities of fractions from Clerodendr umphlomidis Linn. F. against bhendi fruit borer Earias vittella Fab. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 2015;48(6):495-503.

Pavunraj M, Baskar K, Janarthanan S, Arumugam M. Antibacterial and antifeedant activities of Spilanthes acmella leaf extract against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and brinjal fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis larvae. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine. 2014; 2(12):980-985.

Pavunraj M, Bali GK, Palraju M. Antifeedant efficacy of some medicinal plant extracts against Leucinodes orbonalis. World Wide Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, 2018;4(1):361-365.

Bentley MD, Leonard DE, Stoddard WF, Zalkow LH. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids as larval feeding deterrents for spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 1984;77(4):393-397.

Abbott WS. A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. Journal of economic Entomology. 1925;18(2): 265-267.

Chauhan D, Srivastava RP. Effect of certain medicinal plant extracts on feeding behaviour of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius). The Bioscan. 2014;8(1&2):63-66.

Taware SP, Badnikar A, Upadhye AS. Bio-efficacy evaluation of leaf extracts of some plant species against Tobacco Caterpillar (Spodoptera litura Fab.). Soybean Research. 2014;12 (Special Issue Number 2):208-2012.

Jadhav GS, Devarshi AA, Yankanchi SR. Efficacy of certain Clerodendrum leaf crude extracts against cutworm, Spodoptera litura Fab and cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera Hub. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2016;4(4):466-472.

Isman MB, Koul O, Luczynski A, Kaminski J. Insecticidal and antifeedant bioactivities of neem oil and their relationship to azadirachtin content. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry. 1990. 38:1406-1411.

Majeed MZ, Nawaz MI, Khan RR, Farooq U, Ma CS. Insecticidal effects of acetone, ethanol and aqueous extracts of Azadirachta indica (A. Juss), Citrus aurantium (L.), Citrus sinensis (L.) and Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Dehnh.) against mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems. 2018;21(3):421-430.

Kamaraj C, Rahuman AA, Bagavan A. Antifeedant and larvicidal effects of plant extracts against Spodoptera litura (F.), Aedes aegypti L. and Culex quinquefasciatus Say. Parasitology Research. 2008a;103(2):325-331.

Kamaraj C, Rahuman AA, Bagavan A. Screening for antifeedant and larvicidal activity of plant extracts against Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner), Syleptaderogata (F.) and Anopheles stephensi (Liston). Parasitology Research. 2008b;103(6):1361-1368.

Ebe TE, Mgbemena IC, Njoku-Tony RF, Njoku JD, Emereibeole E. Comparative analysis of petroleum ether and aqueous extracts of neem leaf and neem stem on different stages of Anopheles gambiae. Journal of Natural Sciences Research. 2015;5(12):95- 98.

Tulashie SK, Adjei F, Abraham J, Addo E. Potential of neem extracts as natural insecticide against fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith) (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae). Case Studies in Chemical and Environmental Engineering. 2021;4:1-7.

Sharma S, Senrung A, Singh AK. Toxic effect of neem, Azadirachta indica (A. Juss) foliage extracts against diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera, Plutellidae). Journal of Biopesticides. 2014;7(supp.):99-105.