Evaluation of Microplastic Contamination in Commercially Edible Fresh Water and Marine Fishes Bought from Fish Markets, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

PDF

Published: 2023-05-19

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i83486

Page: 86-96


D. Gayathri *

PG & Research Department of Zoology, National College, Trichy–620001, India.

V. Gokula

PG & Research Department of Zoology, National College, Trichy–620001, India.

M. Sivasankari

PG & Research Department of Zoology, National College, Trichy–620001, India.

M. Ragavi

PG & Research Department of Zoology, National College, Trichy–620001, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Microplastics have become ubiquitous in aquatic environments worldwide, that there is rising worry about their potential influence on aquatic biota. Data demonstrate widespread plastic contamination in coastal regions all over the world; however, no quantitative studies on the ingestion of microplastics by commercial fish bought from Fish markets which belong to Fresh water and Marine environments have been conducted so far. In this work, we looked at the presence and their quantity, features, species - specificity distribution of microplastics in ten commercial fish species among which five species belong to Freshwater habitat and five species belong to marine habitat. Two Hundred fish samples were collected from four different sampling locations (Kallanai, Cauvery paalam fish market, Gandhi Fish Market, Vengur Fish Market). The average abundance of microplastics in commercial fish gastrointestinal tracts was 5mg/species of fish, indicating possible food safety. The majority of microplastics were fragment type with a diameter of less than 5mm. The study findings demonstrate the prevalence of microplastics in fish and pave the path for future research to better elucidate the mechanisms driving the incidence of microplastics in fishes along with possible risk assessment.

Keywords: Micro plastic, commercial fishes, ingestion, fresh water, marine habitats


How to Cite

Gayathri , D., Gokula , V., Sivasankari, M., & Ragavi , M. (2023). Evaluation of Microplastic Contamination in Commercially Edible Fresh Water and Marine Fishes Bought from Fish Markets, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(8), 86–96. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i83486

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Jambeck JR, Geyer R, Wilcox C, Siegler TR, Perryman M, Andrady A et al. Marine pollution. Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science. 2015;347(6223): 768-71.

Andrady AL. Microplastics in the marine environment. Mar Pollut Bull. 2011;62(8):1596-605.

Cole M, Lindeque P, Halsband C, Galloway TS. Microplastics as contaminants in the marine environment: A review. Mar Pollut Bull. 2011;62(12):2588-97.

ter Halle A, Ladirat L, Gendre X, Goudouneche D, Pusineri C, Routaboul C et al. Understanding the fragmentation pattern of marine plastic debris. Environ Sci Technol. 2016;50(11):5668-75.

Naidoo T, Glassom D. Decreased growth and survival in small juvenile fish, after chronic exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of microplastic. Mar Pollut Bull. 2019;145:254-9.

Carpenter EJ, Anderson SJ, Harvey GR, Miklas HP, Peck BB. Polystyrene spherules in coastal waters. Science. 1972;178(4062):749-50.

Besseling E, Wegner A, Foekema EM, van den Heuvel-Greve MJ, Koelmans AA. Effects of microplastic on fitness and PCB bioaccumulation by the lugworm Arenicola marina (L.). Environ Sci Technol. 2013; 47(1):593-600.

Browne MA, Dissanayake A, Galloway TS, Lowe DM, Thompson RC. Ingested microscopic plastic translocates to the circulatory system of the mussel, Mytilus edulis (L.). Environ Sci Technol. 2008; 42(13):5026-31.

Rochman CM, Kurobe T, Flores I, Teh SJ. Early warning signs of endocrine disruption in adult fish from the ingestion of polyethylene with and without sorbed chemical pollutants from the marine environment. Sci Total Environ. 2014;493:656-61.

Rochman CM, Hoh E, Kurobe T, Teh SJ. Ingested plastic transfers hazardous chemicals to fish and induces hepatic stress. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3263.

Sussarellu R, Suquet M, Thomas Y, Lambert C, Fabioux C, Pernet MEJ et al. Oyster reproduction is affected by exposure to polystyrene microplastics. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016; 113(9):2430-5.

Wright SL, Kelly FJ. Plastic and human health: A micro issue? Environ Sci Technol. 2017;51(12):6634-47.

Kane IA, Clare MA. Dispersion, accumulation, and the ultimate fate of microplastics in deep-marine environments: A review and future directions. Front Earth Sci. 2019;7:80.

Koelmans AA, Besseling E, Foekema EM. Leaching of plastic additives to marine organisms. Environ Pollut. 2014;187:49-54.

Kirstein IV, Kirmizi S, Wichels A, Garin-Fernandez A, Erler R, Löder M et al. Dangerous hitchhikers? Evidence for potentially pathogenic Vibrio spp. on microplastic particles. Mar Environ Res. 2016;120:1-8.

Taylor ML, Gwinnett C, Robinson LF, Woodall LC. Plastic microfiber ingestion by deep-sea organisms. Sci Rep. 2016;6: (33997).

Browne MA, Niven SJ, Galloway TS, Rowland SJ, Thompson RC. Microplastic moves pollutants and additives to worms, reducing functions linked to health and biodiversity. Curr Biol. 2013;23(23):2388-92.

Wright SL, Thompson RC, Galloway TS. The physical impacts of microplastics on marine organisms: A review. Environ Pollut. 2013;178:483-92.

Smith M, Love DC, Rochman CM, Neff RA. Microplastics in seafood and the implications for human health. Curr Environ Health Rep. 2018;5(3):375-86.

Nie H, Wang J, Xu K, Huang Y, Yan M. Microplastic pollution in water and fish samples around Nanxun reef in Nansha islands, south China sea. Sci Total Environ. 2019;696:134022.

Jabeen K, Su L, Li J, Yang D, Tong C, Mu J et al. Microplastics and mesoplastics in fish from coastal and fresh waters of China. Environ Pollut. 2017;221 :141-9.

Lusher AL, O’Donnell C, Officer R, O’Connor I. Microplastic interactions with North Atlantic mesopelagic fish. ICES J Mar Sci. 2016;73(4): 1214-25.

Zheng K, Fan Y, Zhu Z, Chen G, Tang C, Peng X. Occurrence and speciesspecific distribution of plastic debris in wild freshwater fish from the Pearl River catchment, China. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2019;38(7):1504-13.

Zhu L, Wang H, Chen B, Sun X, Qu K, Xia B. Microplastic ingestion in deep-sea fish from the South China Sea. Sci Total Environ. 2019;677:493-501.

Zhang C, Wang S, Pan Z, Sun D, Xie S, Zhou A et al. Occurrence and distribution of microplastics in commercial fishes from estuarine areas of Guangdong, South China. Chemosphere. 2020;260: 127656.

Peters CA, Bratton SP. Urbanization is a major influence on microplastic ingestion by sunfish in the Brazos River Basin, Central Texas, USA. Environ Pollut. 2016;210:380-7.

Sun X, Li Q, Shi Y, Zhao Y, Zheng S, Liang J et al. Characteristics and retention of microplastics in the digestive tracts of fish from the Yellow Sea. Environ Pollut. 2019;249:878-85.

Meng Y, Kelly FJ, Wright SL. Advances and challenges of microplastic pollution in freshwater ecosystems: a UK perspective. Environ Pollut. 2020;256:113445.

Xu S, Ma J, Ji R, Pan K, Miao AJ. Microplastics in aquatic environments: Occurrence, accumulation, and biological effects. Sci. Total Environ. 2020;703: 134699.

Barboza LGA, Lopes C, Oliveira P, Bessa F, Otero V, Henriques B et al. Microplastics in wild fish from North East Atlantic Ocean and its potential for causing neurotoxic effects, lipid oxidative damage, and human health risks associated with ingestion exposure. Sci Total Environ. 2019:134625.

Zhang D, Cui Y, Zhou H, Jin C, Yu X, Xu Y et al. Microplastic pollution in water, sediment, and fish from artificial reefs around the Ma’an Archipelago, Shengsi, China. Sci Total Environ. 2020;703: 134768.

Roch S, Walter T, Ittner LD, Friedrich C, Brinker A. A systematic study of the microplastic burden in freshwater fishes of south-western Germany – are we searching at the right scale? Sci Total Environ. 2019;689:1001 -11.

Hu L, Chernick M, Hinton DE, Shi H. Microplastics in small waterbodies and tadpoles from Yangtze river delta, China. Environ Sci Technol. 2018;52(15):8885- 93.

Arias AH, Ronda AC, Oliva AL, Marcovecchio JE. Evidence of microplastic ingestion by fish from the bahia blanca estuary in Argentina, South America. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2019;102(6): 750-6.

Yuan W, Liu X, Wang W, Di M, Wang J. Microplastic abundance, distribution and composition in water, sediments, and wild fish from Poyang Lake, China. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2019;170:180-7.

De-la-Torre GE, Dioses-Salinas DC, Castro JM, Antay R, Fernández NY, Espinoza-Morriberón D et al.Abundance and distribution of microplastics on sandy beaches of Lima, Peru. Mar Pollut Bull. 2020;151:110877.

Wu C, Zhang K, Xiong X. Microplastic pollution in inland waters focusing on asia. In: Wagner M, Lambert S, editors. Freshwater microplastics: Emerging environmental contaminants? Cham: Springer International Publishing. 2018;85-99.

Park TJ, Lee SH, Lee MS, Lee JK, Lee SH, Zoh KD. Occurrence of microplastics in the Han River and riverine fish in South Korea. Sci Total Environ. 2020;708: 134535.