Calcium Hydroxide Pulp Capping Agent: An Overview on Composition, Properties, and Clinical Applications

P. Venkata Karteek Varma

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Ganta Gopala Krishna

Intercare Community Health Network, MI, USA.

Rama Krishna Alla *

Department of Dental Materials, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

S. Sowmya

Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSSAHER, Mysuru, Karnataka, India.

K. N. Raghavendra Swamy

Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSSAHER, Mysuru, Karnataka, India.

Rani Sirisha Malkapuram

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Drs. Sudha and Nageswararao Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinnotapalli, Andhra Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Calcium hydroxide is a commonly used material in pulp capping procedures due to its favourable biological properties, including the ability to promote dentin bridge formation and stimulate reparative dentinogenesis. The mechanical properties of calcium hydroxide, including its compressive strength, flexural strength, and wear resistance, are relatively low, but they are not critical properties in pulp capping procedures. However, the composition and formulation of calcium hydroxide can vary depending on the manufacturer, and this can affect the material's physical and chemical properties, as well as its handling characteristics. Despite these variations, calcium hydroxide remains a popular choice for pulp capping due to its favourable biological properties and its long-standing history of use in dental procedures.

Keywords: Calcium hydroxide, pulp capping, apexification

How to Cite

Varma , P. V. K., Krishna , G. G., Alla , R. K., Sowmya , S., Swamy , K. N. R., & Malkapuram , R. S. (2023). Calcium Hydroxide Pulp Capping Agent: An Overview on Composition, Properties, and Clinical Applications. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(10), 63–72.


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