Synthesis Characterization and In silico Anticancer Activity of D-ring Substituted Steroidal Pyrazolecarboxamides


Published: 2023-07-09

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i133546

Page: 70-91

D. Abilasha

Department of Chemistry, Pioneer Kumaraswamy College, Nagercoil-629003, Tamil Nadu, India.

C. Jeysiha

Department of Chemistry, Pioneer Kumaraswamy College, Nagercoil-629003, Tamil Nadu, India.

P. Palanisamy *

Department of Chemistry, Pioneer Kumaraswamy College, Nagercoil-629003, Tamil Nadu, India.

S. Kumaresan

School of Basic Engineering and Science, PSN College of Engineering and Technology, Melathediyoor, Tirunelveli-627152, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


In the present study, a few D ring substituted pyrazolecarboxamide derivatives were synthesized from the key intermediate 2,3-dihydrothiopyrano[3,2-c]thiochromen-4(5H)-one(2). In order to determine the structure-activity relationships, the pyrazolecarboxamide derivatives (7 a-m) were analyzed for anticancer activity and molecular docking studies were carried out   against two cancer cell lines (HeLa and HCT116). The structures of all these compounds have treating been elucidated on the basis of their spectral data. We performed docking studies with the selective inhibitor proteins 4J96 (HeLa) and 5FGK (HCT 116). The binding energy of compound 7k (-9.6 Kcal/mol-HeLa and -10.1 Kcal/mol-HCT116) was found to be lower than that of all other pyrazole derivatives as well as standard doxorubicin. Furthermore, compound 7k was also found to be a promising anticancer agent against 4J96 and 5FGK cells, given its significant inhibitory effect [IC50=20.56μM (HeLa) and 18.19μM (HCT116)] compared to doxorubicin [IC50=21.32 μM (HeLa) and 19.58 μM (HCT116)]. Hence it is understood that, the pyrazole carboxamide derivatives (7k) has selectivity for inhibitor proteins having anticancer activity against HeLa and HCT116 compared with doxorubicin.

Keywords: Pyrazole carboxamide, D-Ring Steroid, docking study, HeLa cell, HCT116 cell, anticancer activity

How to Cite

Abilasha , D., Jeysiha, C., Palanisamy, P., & Kumaresan , S. (2023). Synthesis Characterization and In silico Anticancer Activity of D-ring Substituted Steroidal Pyrazolecarboxamides. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(13), 70–91.


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