Exploring the Nutritional Potential of Microtermes obesi Consumed by the Ethnic Communities of Baksa District, Assam, India

PDF

Published: 2023-08-05

DOI: 10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i163585

Page: 115-123


J. K. Das *

Department of Zoology, Barama College, Baksa, BTR, Assam, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The practice of eating insects is widespread throughout the world. The use of edible insects in animal feed and human diet is being advocated on a universal scale as an alternative source of protein, lipids and micro - nutrients which is correlated with global food security. Termites are nutritionally endowed eusocial insects belonging to the order Isoptera. Microtermes obesi, a termite species has been a part of traditional cuisine among different communities of Assam. Therefore, the present study was assigned to investigate the presence of nutrient composition and antioxidant properties of M. obesi, an edible termite species collected from Baksa district of Assam. In the current investigation, the nutritional values recorded from M. obesi adult comprised of 7.68±0.02% moisture content, 45.15±1.97g/100gm crude protein, 8.40±2.05 g/100gm crude fat, 28.76±1.31 mg/100gm Na, 22.86±2.19 mg/100gm K, 108.36±2.18 mg/100gm Fe, 58.09±1.38 mg/100gm Ca, 20.47±3.15 mg/100gm S, and 132.88±2.15 mg/100gm P. The biochemical contents such as total phenolic, total flavonoid and DPPH radical scavenging activity are recorded as 108.17±2.43 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/100g, 58.06±3.26 mg quercetin equivalent (QE)/100g and 84.90±2.15% respectively. Findings of this study demonstrated the presence of rich nutritional and high antioxidant qualities in M. obesi termite species and also provided scientific validation on the entomophagy practice of M. obesi which can be consumed as alternative source of nutrient in animal feed with potential health benefits.

Keywords: Microtermes obesi, entomophagy, nutrient composition, edible termite


How to Cite

Das, J. K. (2023). Exploring the Nutritional Potential of Microtermes obesi Consumed by the Ethnic Communities of Baksa District, Assam, India. UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 44(16), 115–123. https://doi.org/10.56557/upjoz/2023/v44i163585

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Jongema Y. Worldwide list of recorded edible insects. The Netherlands: Department of Entomology, Wageningen University and Research; 2017.

Available:https://www.wur.nl/upload_mm/8/a/6/0fdfc700-3929-4a74-8b69-f02fd35a1696_Worldwide%20list%20of%20edible%20insects%202017.pdf

Food and Agricultural Organization. Edible insects: Future prospects for food and feed security. Forestry paper. 2013;171:1-154. Available:https://www.fao.org/3/i3253e/i3253e.pdf

Kourimska L, Adamkova A. Nutritional and sensory quality of edible insects. NFS Journal. 2016;4:22-26.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nfs.2016.07.001

Thangjam R, Kadam V, Ningthoujam K, Sorokhaibam K. A review on edible insects and their utilization in Northeastern Himalaya. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2020;8:1309-1318.

Available:https://dx.doi.org/10.22271/j.ento

Chakravorty J. Diversity of edible insects and practices of entomophagy in India: An overview. Journal of Biodiversity Bioprospecting and Development. 2014 ;1:1-6. Available: https:doi.org/1-6. 10.4172/2376-0214.1000124

Loganatban R, Haldhar MS. Utilization of edible insects as food in North East India. Indian Entomologist. 2020;1:25-31. Available:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/343523563

Mozhui L, Kakati NL, Kiewhuo P, Changhija S. Traditional knowledge of the utilization of edible insects in Nagaland, North-East India. Foods. 2020;9:1-17. Available:https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9070852

Hutton JH. The Angami Nagas: With some notes on neighbouring tribes. Macmillan: London, UK; 1921.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1038/109539a0

Doley AK, Kalita J. Traditional uses of insect and insect products in medicine and food by the Mishing tribe of Dhemaji District, Assam, North-East India. Social Science Researcher. 2012;1:11-21.

Available:http://ssrnlc.org/issue/volOne/1_2_2.pdf

Das JK, Hazarika AK. Nutritional value of some edible insects in Baksa District, BTAD, Assam.The Clarion. 2012; 1:112-115. Available:https://clarion.ind.in/index.php/clarion/article/view/29/43

Ronghang R, Ahmed R. Edible insects and their conservation strategy in Karbi Anglong district of Assam, North East India. The Bioscan. 2010;2:515-521.

Available:https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/EDIBLE-INSECTS-AND-THEIR-CONSERVATION-STRATEGY-IN-Ronghang-Ahmed/01d89bae32f8639d85b5a9d374ed6396ca467483

Narzari S, Sarmah J. Proximate composition of wild edible insects consumed by the Bodo tribe of Assam, India. International Journal of Bioassays. 2015;4:4050-4054. Available: https://www.ijbio.com/articles/

Hazarika HN. Entomology with special reference to Assam. International Journal for Research in Engineering Application and Management. 2018;4:458-462.

Available: https://doi.org/10.18231/2454-9150.2018.0526

Rahman A, Bordoloi S, Mazid S. Entomophagy practiced among the Tiwa community of Morigaon district, Assam. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2018;6:484-486.

Available:https://www.entomoljournal.com/archives/2018/vol6issue1/PartG/5-6-270-468.pdf

Abe T, Higashi M. Isoptera. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. 2nd ed. 2001;2:408- 433.

Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384719-5.00200-8

Biosystematics Division, ARC-PPRI, South Africa. A Safrinate Manual for Entomology and Arachnology. Isteg Scientific Publication. Irene 7: 1996;56-80.

Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). AOAC Official Method of Analysis. 17th edition. Washington, DC, USA; 2000.

Kjeldahl J. New method for the determination of nitrogen in organic substances. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 1883;22:366-383. Available:https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nfs.2016.07.001

Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). AOAC Official Method of Analysis. 17th edition. Washington, DC, USA; 1970.

Hill UT. Colorimetric determination of phosphorus in steels. Analytical Chemistry. 2002;19:318-319.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60005a010

Singleton LV, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Raventos MR. Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of folin-ciocalteu reagent. Methods in Enzymology. 1999; 299:152-178.

Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0076-6879(99)99017-1

Ordonez AAL, Gomez JG, Vattuone MA, Isla MI. Antioxidant activities of Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swart extracts. Food Chemistry. 2006; 97:452-458. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.05.024

Woisky RG, Salatino A. Analysis of propolis: some parameters and procedures for chemical quality control. Journal of Apicultural Research. 1998;37:99-105. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/00218839.1998.11100961

Chang C, Yang M, Wen H, Chern J. Estimation of total flavonoid content in propolis by two complementary colorimetric methods. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis. 2002;10:178-182.

Available: https://doi.org/10.38212/2224-6614.2748

Mamta MS, Amitabh KV, Vats P, Nandi SP, Negi PS, Misra K. Phytochemical and antimicrobial activities of Himalayan Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 2015;53:36-43.

Available:https://pubmed.ncbi.nim.nih.gov/25675710/

Pant G, Simaria C, Varsi HAR, Bhan P, Sibi G. In vitro anti-cholesterol and antioxidant activity of methanolic extracts from flex seeds (Linum usitatissimum L.). Research Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2015;9:300-306.

Available:https://doi.org/10.17311/rjmp.2015.300.306

Sarmah M, Bhattacharyya B, Bhagawati S, Sarmah K. Nutritional composition of some commonly available aquatic edible insects of Assam, India. Insects. 2022;13:1-10. Available: https://doi.org/10.3390/insects13110976

Ramos-Elorduy J, Moreno JMP, Prado EE, Pérez MA, Otero JL, de Guevara OL. Nutritional value of edible insects from the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 1997; 10(2):142-157.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1006/jfca.1997.0530

Melo-Ruiz EV, Garcia M, Sandoval H, Jimenez HD, Calvo C. Quality proteins from edible indigenous insect food of Latin America and Asia. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture. 2011;23:283-289.

Available:https://www.ejfa.me/index.php/journal/article/view/1154

Schluter O, Rumpold B, Holzhauser T, Roth A, Vogel RF, Quasigroch W, Vogel S, Heinz V, Jager H, Bandick N, Kulling A, Knorr D, Steinberg P, Engel KH. Safety aspects of the production of foods and food ingredients from insects. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research. 2017;61:1-29. Available:https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.201600520

Florence VD. Nutritional value of various insects per 100 grams. The Food Insects Newsletter. 1996;9.

Available:https://www.smallstockfoods.com/nutritional-value-various-insects-per-100-grams/

Payne CL, Scarborough P, Rayner M, Nonaka K. A systematic review of nutrient composition data available for twelve commercially available edible insects and comparison with reference values. Trends in Food Science and Technology. 2016;47:69-77. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2015.10.012

Das J. Macronutrient content of some edible insects with reference to the Baksa District of Assam, India. International Journal of Science and Research. 2019;8:1423-1427. Available:https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v8i7/ART20199459.pdf

Rumpold BA, Schlüter OK. Nutritional composition and safety aspects of edible insects. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research. 2013; 57:802-823. Available:https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.201200735

Srivastava SK, Babu N, Pandey H. Traditional insect bioprospecting as human food and medicine. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. 2009;8:484-494.

Available:http://sa.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/Traditional%20insect%20bioprospecting.pdf

Akinnawo O, Ketiku AO. Chemical composition and fatty acid profile of edible larva of Cirina forda (Westwood). African Journal of Biomedical Research. 2000;3:93-96.

Available:https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajbr/article/view/140723

Swargiary A, Daimari A, Daimari M, Basumatary N, Narzary E. Phytochemicals, antioxidant and anthelmintic activity of selected traditional wild edible plants of lower Assam. Indian Journal of Pharmacology. 2016;48:418-423.

Available: https://doi.org/10.4103/0253-7613.186212

Soobrattee MA, Neergheen VS, Luximon-Ramma A, Aruoma OI, Bahorun T. Phenolics as potential antioxidant therapeutic agents: mechanism and actions. Mutation Research. 2005;11:200-213.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2005.03.023

Bhattacharyya B, Choudhury B, Das P, Dutta SK, Bhagawati S, Pathak K. Nutritional composition of five soil-dwelling scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of Assam, India. Coleoptera Bulletin. 2018;72:339- 346. Available: https://doi.org/10.1649/0010-065X-72.2.339